The Sunday Sharing

No. 205, Date: 19th May 2024
Theme: Ruskin Bond “The most beloved and renowned author in India”

The grand old man of letters turns 90 today, May 19, 2024.

Happy 90th Birthday 🙏

“Your stories have touched the hearts of countless readers around the globe, providing comfort, inspiration, and joy to people of all ages. You have painted vibrant landscapes, from the enchanting Mussoorie hills to the timeless realms of your fictional worlds. Your words have brought warmth, simplicity, and deep understanding to our minds, making a lasting impact both on literature and our own hearts. Through your gift for capturing the essence of human emotions and the wonders of nature, you have left an unforgettable legacy.”

“Your engrossing writings have sparked a newfound passion for literature in me. Your exceptional works have left an enduring mark on my heart, securing your place as one of my most cherished authors. The immeasurable joy and transformative power your stories have bestowed upon me forever fills me with the deepest sense of gratitude.” 🙏

What better way to usher in another birthday than with two new books? The Hill of Enchantment: The Story of My Life as a Writer (Aleph) offer insights into his life as a writer,

and is great to read alongside his autobiography, Lone Fox Dancing (Speaking Tiger), published in 2017, in which he wrote that his “is the story of a small man, and his friends and experiences in small places.”
One night in the hills when Ruskin Bond saw ‘a single fox, dancing in the diffused light’: “As I walked home last night / I saw a lone fox dancing / In the bright moonlight. / I stood and watched, / Then took the low road, knowing / The night was his by right./Sometimes, when words ring true, / I’m like a lone fox dancing/In the morning dew.”

His numerous books on nature, solitude, mysteries, trains, animals, people, life have never gone out of print and are often collected into anthologies and omnibuses.

To coincide with his birthday, another book in the ‘How To’ series is also being launched. How To Be Happy (HarperCollins) collects Bond’s advice on life and happiness: *“You can’t buy happiness. You can’t get it wholesale or retail or online. It inhabits a small space in your mind, and you must look for it there.” This volume can be read along with the series of ‘Little Books – of Happiness, Serenity, Love and Companionship’, published by Speaking Tiger.

Born on May 19, 1934 in Kasauli, Himachal Pradesh, Mr. Bond has been active in the world of writing for more than 50 years and has written in various genres of literature.

His early works of fiction include short-story collections and novels, as well as some autobiographical works. Later, he also wrote non-fiction, romance, and children’s books. His favorite genres are essays and stories.

His notable works include Vagrants in the Valley, Once Upon a Monsoon Time, Angry River, Strangers in the Night, All Roads Lead to Ganga, Tales of Fosterganj, Leopard on the Mountain and Too Much Trouble.

The 1978 Hindi film Junoon is based on Ruskin’s historical novel A Flight of Pigeons (Indian Rebellion of 1857).
Adaptations of his stories were aired on Doordarshan as the TV serial Ek Tha Rusty and several of his stories The Night Train at Deoli, Time Stops at Shamli and Our Trees Still Grow in Dehra (Sahitya Akademi Award 1992)were included in the school curriculum in India.

In 2005, his popular children’s novel The Blue Umbrella was made into a film.

Mr. Bond played a small role in the 2011 film 7 Khoon Maaf, directed by Vishal Bhardwaj, which is based on his story Susanna’s Seven Husbands.

He has been honoured with Padma Shri in 1999 and Padma Bhushan in 2019, and the Sahitya Akademi Bal Sahitya Puraskar in 2012. Bond has also been awarded the Sahitya Akademi Fellowship, the highest honour given by the literary organisation.

Bishnu 🙏

PS: The Room on the Roof

It was Bond’s first literary venture. Bond wrote the novel when he was seventeen and won the John Llewellyn Rhys Prize in 1957.

This is a story about an orphaned boy named Rusty, of Anglo-Indian descent, living in a European colony in Dehra (a place in Uttarakhand) with his guardian, Mr. Harrison, and the missionary’s wife, who wants him to stay away from Indians and groom him as a pure Englishman. However, in this process, Harrison’s stringent behavior perturbs Rusty’s flourishing teenage years. While walking home in the rain, he was offered help by Somi and Ranbir, who went on to become his friends. Rusty is unhappy with his life at his guardian’s house and longs for freedom.

He runs away from his home and lives with his friend Somi, who gets him a job as an English teacher for Kishen (Mr. Kapoor’s son). At Mr. Kapoor’s house, he is given a room on the roof. Mr. Kapoor is a drunkard who has a beautiful wife, Meena Kapoor. Rusty and Meena fall in love with each other. On the way to Delhi, Meena dies in a car crash. Kishen is sent to stay with his aunt, and Mr. Kapoor remarries. Rusty decides to leave India and go to England, as none of his friends remain in Dehra. He decides to visit Kishen before leaving for England. In Haridwar, he learns that Kishen has run away from home and become a thief. He meets Kishen, and they both leave for Dehra, where Kishen plans on opening a chaat shop and making Rusty an English professor.

This moving story of love and friendship, with a new introduction and illustrations, will be enjoyed by a whole new generation of readers.

No. 204, Date: 12th May 2024
Theme: Padma Awards – 2024 and Inspiring story of Dr K. S. Rajanna 🙏

The Padma Awards are one of the highest civilian honors in India, announced annually on the eve of Republic Day. The awards are given in three categories: Padma Vibhushan (for exceptional and distinguished service), Padma Bhushan (distinguished service of higher order), and Padma Shri (distinguished service). The award seeks to recognize achievements in all fields of activities or disciplines where an element of public service is involved.

The Padma Awards are conferred on the recommendations made by the Padma Awards Committee, which is constituted by the Prime Minister every year. The nomination process is open to the public. Even self-nomination can be made.


The Government of India instituted two civilian awards—Bharat Ratna and Padma Vibhushan—in 1954. The latter had three classes, namely Pahela Varg, Dusra Varg, and Tisra Varg. These were subsequently renamed Padma Vibhushan, Padma Bhushan, and Padma Shri via a Presidential Notification issued on January 8, 1955.


Padma Awards, which were instituted in 1954, are announced every year on the occasion of Republic Day, except for brief interruptions during the years 1978 and 1979 and 1993 to 1997.

The award is given in three categories, namely,

Padma Vibhushan for exceptional and distinguished service;

Padma Bhushan for distinguished service of a high order; and

Padma Shri for distinguished service.

All persons, without distinction of race, occupation, position, or sex, are eligible for these awards. However, government servants, including those working with PSUs, except doctors and scientists, are not eligible for these awards.

The award acknowledges outstanding accomplishments in a wide range of fields, including art, social work, public affairs, science and engineering, trade and industry, medicine, literature and education, civil service, sports, and more. These fields encompass various activities such as music, painting, social service, law, space engineering, banking, medical research, journalism, administration, athletics, and the promotion of Indian culture. In addition to community projects, politics, information technology, tourism, and human rights protection, the award also takes these areas into account.

The award is normally not conferred posthumously. However, in highly deserving cases, the government could consider giving an award posthumously.

A higher category of Padma award can be conferred on a person only where a period of at least five years has elapsed since conferment of the earlier Padma award. However, in highly deserving cases, a relaxation can be made by the Awards Committee.

The awards are presented by the President of India usually in the month of March/April every year where the awardees are presented a Sanad (certificate) signed by the President and a medallion.

The recipients are also given a small replica of the medallion, which they can wear during any ceremonial/State functions etc., if the awardees so desire. The names of the awardees are published in the Gazette of India on the day of the presentation ceremony.


All nominations received for Padma Awards are placed before the Padma Awards Committee, which is constituted by the Prime Minister every year. The Padma Awards Committee is headed by the Cabinet Secretary and includes the Home Secretary, Secretary to the President, and four to six eminent persons as members. The recommendations of the committee are submitted to the Prime Minister and the President of India for approval.

2024 Padma Awardees

The Padma Awards ceremony saw 132 individuals honored for their remarkable contributions to society across various fields. Notable awardees include Vyjayantimala Bali (Padma Vibhushan), Konidela Chiranjeevi (Padma Vibhushan), former Vice-President M Venkaiah Naidu (Padma Vibhushan), M Fathima Beevi (Padma Bhushan), Hormusji N Cama (Padma Bhushan), Mithun Chakraborty (Padma Bhushan), Usha Uthup (Padma Bhushan), and Kaluram Bamaniya (Padma Shri), among others.

On Thursday(9th May 2024), Hon’ble President Droupadi Murmu bestowed Padma Shri upon Dr. K. S. Rajanna, a dedicated social worker from Karnataka who championed the cause of persons with disabilities.

He was awarded the Padma Shri for his contributions in the field of social work.

Dr. Rajanna, who hails from Bengaluru, turned his physical limitations into his greatest motivation. He holds a diploma in mechanical engineering.

He is also an entrepreneur, and employs over 350 people, many of them persons with disabilities.

K. S. Rajanna lost his arms and legs to polio in his childhood. Despite his physical challenges, he pursued education, earning a diploma in mechanical engineering.

His achievements extend beyond academia, as he clinched gold in the discus throw and silver in swimming at the 2002 Paralympics while representing India.

He was Karnataka’s first differently-abled state commissioner for persons with disabilities in 2013.

During his term as commissioner, K. S. Rajanna reigned in government officials, including principal secretaries, secretaries, heads of departments (HODs), and deputy commissioners, for turning a blind eye to the woes of the differently-abled by failing to implement the Supreme Court directive on effectively implementing the Persons with Disabilities (equal opportunities, protection of rights, and full participation) Act, 1995 (PWD Act) by December 2014.

He advocated for measures like free entry to Vidhana Soudha, free bus passes, parking facilities, grievance redressal cells, and enhancing job and education opportunities for the differently-abled.

Functioning as a quasi-judicial officer, Rajanna ensured that justice was done to the disabled by the commission. Rajanna had also initiated a process to start a survey afresh across the state of differently abled people to start reforms.

Congratulations and Salute to Dr. K. S. Rajanna💐👍

Bishnu 🙏

No. 203, Date: 5th May 2024
Theme: Life beyond 9 to 5 : Work – Life Balance

Work plays a significant role in our lives for several reasons :

Economic Security : Work provides us with the means to meet our basic needs, such as food, shelter, and clothing. It enables us to earn a living and support ourselves and our families financially, providing economic security and stability.

Sense of Purpose : Engaging in meaningful work gives us a sense of purpose and direction in life. It allows us to contribute to something larger than ourselves, whether it’s through our profession, career goals, or the impact we make on others and society.

Personal Growth and Development : Work challenges us to learn new skills, overcome obstacles, and grow both personally and professionally. It provides opportunities for continuous learning, skill development, and self-improvement, allowing us to reach our full potential.

Social Connection and Relationships : The workplace often serves as a social environment where we interact with colleagues, clients, and collaborators. Building relationships and connections through work fosters a sense of belonging, camaraderie, and community, enriching our lives and enhancing our well-being.

Structure and Routine : Work provides structure and routine to our daily lives, helping us organize our time, prioritize tasks, and set goals. Having a structured routine can promote productivity, discipline, and a sense of accomplishment, contributing to overall mental and emotional well-being.

Identity and Self-Worth : Our work often plays a significant role in shaping our identity and sense of self-worth. Our profession, career achievements, and contributions to the workplace contribute to how we perceive ourselves and how others perceive us, influencing our self-esteem and confidence.

Contribution to Society : Through our work, we have the opportunity to make a positive impact on the world around us. Whether it’s through our professional expertise, creative endeavors, or acts of service, our contributions to society have the potential to improve lives, advance knowledge, and create positive change.

Book : The Joy of Work

The Joy of Work by Bruce Daisley is a book that explores how to find greater fulfillment and satisfaction in the workplace. Drawing on research from psychology, neuroscience, and organizational behavior, Daisley offers practical strategies and insights for improving workplace culture, enhancing productivity, and fostering a more enjoyable work experience.

Bruce Daisley offers 30 practical and straightforward tips to improve workplace culture, enhance productivity, and rediscover enjoyment in one’s job. Drawing from his extensive experience in leading media companies and tech giants like Google, YouTube, and Twitter, Daisley shares insights on how to navigate the challenges of modern work life. From implementing Monk Mode mornings to embracing silent meetings and fostering a culture of creativity and collaboration, Daisley presents actionable strategies to help individuals feel less stressed, get more done, and fall in love with their job again. Through his approachable and refreshingly simple advice, Daisley empowers readers to create a more fulfilling and enjoyable work experience.

In today’s fast-paced and demanding work environments, many individuals experience negative consequences as a result of their work commitments. While work is an essential aspect of life, it can also lead to various challenges and difficulties that affect individuals’ physical health, mental well-being, and overall satisfaction with life. Understanding the negative impacts of work is crucial for identifying strategies to promote healthier work environments and improve the quality of life for workers.

Stress and Burnout : Heavy workloads, tight deadlines, and pressure to perform can lead to chronic stress and burnout. This can result in physical symptoms such as headaches, fatigue, and sleep disturbances, as well as psychological issues like anxiety and depression.

Health Problems : Prolonged periods of stress and overwork can contribute to a range of health problems, including cardiovascular issues, weakened immune function, digestive disorders, and musculoskeletal problems such as back pain and repetitive strain injuries.

Strained Relationships : Excessive time spent at work can strain relationships with family and friends. Lack of quality time together, missed social events, and increased tension due to stress can lead to conflicts and feelings of isolation or loneliness.

Work-Life Imbalance : A lack of balance between work and personal life can lead to feelings of dissatisfaction and unhappiness. When work consumes too much time and energy, individuals may neglect other important aspects of their lives, such as hobbies, relaxation, and spending time with loved ones.

Decreased Productivity and Engagement : Overwork and burnout can decrease productivity and engagement at work. Fatigue, lack of motivation, and difficulty concentrating can impair performance and lead to mistakes or errors.

Career Stagnation or Regression : In some cases, overworking or being stuck in a high-stress job can hinder career progression. Burnout may lead to decreased job satisfaction, reduced creativity and innovation, and missed opportunities for growth and advancement.

Negative Impact on Mental Well-being : The negative effects of work-related stress and burnout can take a toll on mental well-being. Chronic stress can contribute to feelings of hopelessness, low self-esteem, and a sense of being overwhelmed or trapped in one’s circumstances.

Impact on Personal Identity : For some individuals, their sense of self-worth and identity may become closely tied to their work. When faced with job loss or career setbacks, they may experience a crisis of identity and struggle to cope with feelings of failure or inadequacy.

Work-life balance

Work-life balance is the pursuit of equilibrium between work and personal life, aiming to manage time, energy, and priorities effectively. It emphasizes integrating both spheres harmoniously, acknowledging the significance of personal well-being, relationships, leisure, and self-care alongside career success. Achieving balance involves setting boundaries, prioritizing tasks, nurturing relationships, and making time for leisure. In today’s technology-driven society, work-life balance is crucial for reducing stress, preventing burnout, and enhancing overall satisfaction and happiness by enabling individuals to thrive in both professional and personal aspects of life.

Practicing work-life balance involves intentionally managing your time, energy, and priorities to ensure that both your professional responsibilities and personal well-being receive adequate attention.

Set Boundaries : Establish clear boundaries between work and personal life. Designate specific times for work-related activities and non-work activities, and strive to stick to these boundaries as much as possible.

Prioritize Tasks : Identify the most important tasks and activities in both your work and personal life. Focus on completing high-priority tasks first, and don’t be afraid to delegate or say no to tasks that aren’t essential.

Manage Time Effectively : Use time management techniques such as prioritizing tasks, breaking projects into smaller tasks, and setting realistic deadlines. Avoid multitasking, as it can lead to decreased productivity and increased stress.

Schedule Breaks : Incorporate regular breaks into your workday to rest and recharge. Taking short breaks throughout the day can help prevent burnout and improve focus and productivity.

Practice Mindfulness : Incorporate mindfulness practices such as meditation, deep breathing exercises, or mindful walking into your daily routine. Mindfulness can help reduce stress, increase self-awareness, and improve overall well-being.

Limit Screen Time : Set limits on the amount of time you spend on electronic devices, both for work-related tasks and leisure activities. Excessive screen time can contribute to eye strain, fatigue, and decreased productivity.

Establish a Support System : Surround yourself with supportive friends, family members, and colleagues who understand the importance of work-life balance. Lean on them for support and encouragement when needed.

Communicate Effectively : Communicate openly with your employer, colleagues, and family members about your needs and boundaries. Be honest about your workload and commitments, and don’t hesitate to ask for help or flexibility when necessary.

Set Realistic Expectations : Manage your own expectations and recognize that achieving perfect work-life balance is an ongoing process. Aim for progress, not perfection, and be kind to yourself when things don’t go as planned.

Make Time for Self-Care : Prioritize self-care activities such as exercise, hobbies, spending time with loved ones, and getting enough sleep. Taking care of your physical, mental, and emotional well-being is essential for maintaining work-life balance.

Work-life balance is different for different people, and it may require some trial and error to find what works best for one. Be flexible and willing to adjust your approach as needed, and don’t hesitate to seek support or guidance if you’re struggling to achieve balance in your life.

Bishnu 🙏

No. 202, Date: 28th April 2024
Theme: Master Chef Vikash Khanna

Vikas Khanna (born November 14, 1971) is an award-winning Michelin-starred Indian chef, restaurateur, cook book writer, film maker, humanitarian, and judge of Master Chef India.
He has been one of the judges of Master Chef India since its beginning. He is based in New York City.

Khanna was born in Amritsar, India, into a Punjabi family. He did his schooling at St. Francis School, Amritsar. He was born with a leg deformity (club foot) and wasn’t able to run until he was 13 years old. He graduated from Manipal Academy of Higher Education in 1991, where he studied hotel management. He then studied at the Culinary Institute of America and New York University. Vikas Khanna also received an honorary doctorate at GD Goenka University.

Vikas Khanna is the author of numerous cookbooks, including
• Bliss of Spices: The Essence of Indian Kitchen.
• The Last Color: A novel about a young tightrope walker and an elderly widow in India
• Flavors First: An Indian Chef’s Culinary Journey: Published in 2011
• Savour Mumbai: A Culinary Journey Through India’s Melting Pot: Published in 2013
• Indian Harvest: Classic and Contemporary Vegetarian Dishes: Published in 2015
• UTSAV: A Culinary Epic of Indian Festivals: Published in 2015
• Imaginary Rain: A novel
• Flavors In the Air
• Ceremony Of Aromas: Spices Flavor Recipes & More
• Return To the Rivers : Recipes & Memories of The Himalayan River Valleys
• Everyone Can Cook
• Barefoot Empress
• Barkat: The Inspiration and the Story Be: The Inspiration and the Story Behind One of World’s Largest Food Drives FEED INDIA

People” magazine named Chef Vikas Khanna in the list of the sexiest men alive and also referred to him as the “Hottest Chef’ of America. A graduate of the Welcomgroup Graduate School of Hotel Administration, she revolutionized Indian cuisine and our eating habits alongside Chef Julia Child, Chef James Oliver, and Chef David Chang.

His restaurant, “Junoon,” has been awarded a Michelin Star by the Michelin Guide for six consecutive years since 2011.

Ustav,” a 1,200-page book, the world’s largest compilation of festivals, ceremonies, rituals, and foods that symbolize India and its heritage, was presented to world leaders like Prime Minister Narender Modi, Queen Elizabeth II, US President Barak Obama, Bill Clinton, and religious leaders like Dalai Lama and Pope Francis in 2017.

“Cooking for Life” was founded by Chef Vikas Khanna with world-top chefs to support relief efforts around the world, including 9/11, tsunami relief, hurricanes on the Gulf Coast, and South Asian earthquakes in Darfar and Haithi.

Buried Seeds (written by Karan Bellani) is a timeless story of struggle, passion, willpower, failure, and the rise of Vikash Khanna. It recreates his childhood, finding comfort in his grandmother’s kitchen, and follows the journey of an immigrant enduring overwhelming obstacles and pain in achieving his dreams.

“The book is all about my journey from Punjab, where I grew up, to my years at Welcomgroup Graduate School of Hotel Administration (WGSHA), Manipal University, where I studied to become a chef, and thereafter, all ups and downs, I have seen through to become what I’m today. My life has been like a seed that had to be buried to grow into a tree, and so the title of the book.” Vikas Khanna.

A recipe has no soul, you must bring soul to the recipe, Chef Vikas Khanna has strived hard to learn this art of giving soul to his recipes.” – Prof. Dr. Y. G. Tharakan, Dean, (Le Cordon Bleu School of Hospitality).

Holy Kitchens is a series of Documentaries based on Vikas Khanna’s journey to discover the spiritual foods in the World’s Holy Kitchens.

Bishnu 🙏

Hymn to the Mothers

I am fertile like sun, winds, and waters
I flow with rivers, my sacred daughters
I shine when I see my jewel-like crops
I hear the crystals of dews and drops
I walk with pilgrims in search of truth
I run with pride and support my youth
I am hard like stone and soft like silk
I am black like coal and white like milk
I breathe in every fragrance of spice
I am reborn with every grain of rice
I nurture every new seedling that is born
I cry for every un-lived life and mourn
I am the sparrow that sings to the farms
I welcome everyone with my open arms
I am the gentle Earth that is also air
I live in the silent whispers of the prayer
I can sacrifice it all, just to hear your voice
I give peace and love, and that’s my choice

I am India, I am Mother India

I welcome the spring with million flowers
I bow to the summer and the sun’s powers
I bathe in the warm showers of monsoon
I fall with every leaf of the autumn moon
I surrender to the harsh winter’s treason
I will continue to flourish in every season

By Vikash Khanna
(from his Book : Indian Harvest)

No. 201, Date: 21st April 2024
Theme: Baobab : The Tree of Life

The baobab is revered in Africa and Madagascar as a sacred and mystical tree. Baobabs can live for more than a thousand years and are perhaps among the oldest living things on the planet.

In Africa, the Baobab tree is highly revered and symbolizes the continent’s “tree of life.” Though other trees may hold this title in different settings, the Baobab is distinct for its deep connection to human development, especially in the vast savannas of Africa. The Baobab has played a significant role in shaping human consciousness, embodying the concept of life-giving and representing the essence of life. Its unique appearance, practical uses, and possible historical significance all contribute to its recognition as the ancestral tree of life for humanity.

“A Caliban of a tree, grizzled, distorted old goblin with the girth of a giant, the hide of a rhinoceros, twiggy fingers clutching at empty air and the disposition of a guardian angel,” wrote the Australian novelist Ernestine Hill of the giant baobab tree, which has come to symbolize Africa. As you watch the iridescent ochre orb of the sun glide down ever so gracefully between two massive baobabs on the spectacular Avenue of Baobabs, or Baobab Alley, in Madagascar, you realize Ernestine Hill did not do justice to this tree. The baobab is indeed the warp and weft of the fabric of village life, not only in Africa but also in Madagascar, an island off the African coast in the east.

Baobab trees, also known as Adansonia, are deciduous trees that are native to Madagascar, mainland Africa, and Australia. They are medium to large in size, with some species reaching up to 100 feet tall. Baobabs are known for their large whitish flowers that open at night, and their fruit, which can grow up to a foot long, contains tartaric acid and vitamin C. The fruit can be sucked, soaked in water to make a drink, or roasted and ground up to make a coffee-like drink.

Baobabs are an icon of the African continent and are fundamental to the dry African savanna ecosystem. The tree’s large root system helps keep soil conditions humid, aids nutrient recycling, and slows soil erosion. Baobabs also have many life-sustaining uses.

Baobabs are prehistoric species that predate humankind. There are nine species in the genus Adansonia, two of which are native to mainland Africa, six to Madagascar, and one to Australia. All nine inhabit low-lying, arid regions.

Baobabs are also known as boab, boaboa, tabaldi, bottle tree, and monkey bread tree.

Baobab trees possess several remarkable characteristics and offer numerous advantages, making them integral to ecosystems and human communities in regions where they grow.

Key characteristics of baobab trees are

Water Storage Capacity : Baobab trees have thick, swollen trunks that can store large amounts of water, allowing them to survive in arid and drought-prone environments. This characteristic enables them to thrive in regions with erratic rainfall patterns, providing a crucial water source for wildlife and communities during dry seasons. For example, during periods of drought in sub-Saharan Africa, baobab trees serve as lifelines for both animals and people by providing water from their reservoir-like trunks.

Nutrient-Rich Fruit : The fruit of the baobab tree is highly nutritious, rich in vitamin C, antioxidants, and essential minerals such as calcium, potassium, and magnesium. This fruit offers numerous health benefits and is a valuable food source for both humans and animals. For instance, in African countries like Senegal and Malawi, baobab fruit is traditionally consumed in various forms, such as juices, smoothies, and snacks, providing essential nutrients to local populations.

Cultural and Social Significance : Baobab trees hold cultural significance in many African societies, often regarded as sacred symbols of life, resilience, and community. They serve as gathering places, meeting points, and landmarks, fostering social cohesion and cultural identity. For example, the “Tree of Life” baobab in Madagascar is a renowned tourist attraction and a symbol of national pride, drawing visitors from around the world and contributing to local economies through tourism revenue.

Ecosystem Services : Baobab trees provide essential ecosystem services, such as soil stabilization, erosion control, and habitat creation. Their extensive root systems help prevent soil erosion, particularly in areas prone to desertification and land degradation. Additionally, baobab trees create microhabitats for a diverse array of plant and animal species, enhancing biodiversity in their surrounding ecosystems. In the savannas of Africa, baobabs support a wide range of wildlife, including birds, mammals, and insects, by providing nesting sites, shelter, and food resources.

Medicinal and Therapeutic Uses : Various parts of the baobab tree, including the leaves, bark, and fruit, have been used for centuries in traditional medicine across Africa. Extracts from baobab leaves and bark are believed to have medicinal properties, treating ailments such as fever, diarrhea, and skin infections. Additionally, baobab fruit pulp is used to make healing balms and ointments for skin ailments and wounds. These traditional remedies highlight the therapeutic value of baobab trees in indigenous healthcare systems and highlight their potential for pharmaceutical research and development.

Overall, baobab trees are extraordinary natural wonders with unique characteristics and numerous advantages that contribute to the well-being of ecosystems and human societies. Protecting and preserving these iconic trees is essential for maintaining biodiversity, supporting sustainable livelihoods, and promoting resilience in the face of environmental challenges.

Baobab trees, despite their resilience and adaptability, face several survival challenges:

Climate Change : Baobabs are vulnerable to the effects of climate change, which can alter rainfall patterns and increase temperatures. These changes can lead to water scarcity and affect the trees’ ability to store water, which is crucial for their survival during dry periods.

Deforestation : Human activities such as agriculture and development are leading to habitat loss for baobabs. This not only reduces the number of trees but also fragments their populations, making it harder for them to reproduce and thrive.

Disease and Pests : Baobabs can be affected by diseases and pests. For example, the black fungus is a significant threat to the survival of some baobab species.

Natural Disasters: Events like lightning strikes and waterlogging can damage or kill baobab trees.

Extinction of Seed Dispersers : The large animal species that were responsible for carrying baobab seeds may have become extinct, reducing the wider distribution of the plant species.

Efforts are being made to address these challenges, such as reforestation projects and the use of satellite data to monitor the health of baobab populations. Conservationists are also working to understand how baobabs can adapt to their changing environment and what the loss of baobab forests would mean for the ecosystems they support.

Bishnu 🙏

No. 200, Date: 14th April 2024
Theme: Unleashing Your inner potential :The power of Mind, Body and Spirit

Dr. Mohit Gupta, a renowned Cardiology Professor at GB Pant Hospital, has received numerous prestigious awards for his groundbreaking contributions. Notably, he was honored with the “Excellence in Cardiology” award and the Bishan Swaroop Young Scientist of the Year Award in 2018. Dr. Gupta’s leadership as a principal investigator in global Cardiology trials is remarkable. His innovative use of Artificial Intelligence in treating heart attack patients earned him the National Best Innovation Award in Cardiology in 2021. Additionally, he has been recognized with the KL Wig Oration Award, DMA Excellence Award, and other notable accolades for his exceptional research in genetics and coronary artery disease.

Dr. Gupta has been associated with Brahma Kumaris World Spiritual University since his childhood (more than 36 years) and practices Rajayoga meditation daily. He has blended scientific evidence of spirituality into his lectures. He has given more than 1200 lectures and conducted symposia all over the world (in the USA, UK, Oxford University, and Cambridge University, Africa).

His soothing speech let the audience hold one’s thoughts and behavior. He believed in the theory of Reincarnation at every stage of his life, which evolved him better and stronger. His way toward spirituality was paved when he learned about rising depression and Heart Attack cases due to a lack of connectedness and self-doubt in the young generation of India.

Dr. Gupta’s perspective is that healing is multifaceted and that a combination of belief, mental practices, emotional support, and medical care can lead to the best health outcomes. This holistic approach is becoming increasingly recognized in the medical community as an effective way to treat the whole person, not just the symptoms of a disease.

Dr. Mohit Gupta’s approach to healing is deeply rooted in the concept that our beliefs and mental state have a profound impact on our physical health. He suggests that by harnessing the power of our thoughts through meditation and positive affirmations, we can initiate transformative processes within our bodies that contribute to healing and well-being.

Meditation, for instance, is not just a practice for mental relaxation but a tool that can lead to physiological changes. Regular meditation has been linked to lower blood pressure, reduced stress hormone levels, and even changes in gene expression that are associated with better immune function and resilience to stress.

Positive affirmations are another aspect of Dr. Gupta’s holistic healing approach. These are statements that are repeated to oneself with the intention of changing negative thought patterns into positive ones. The idea is that by changing our thought patterns, we can change our emotional state, which in turn can lead to improved health outcomes. For example, affirmations like “I am strong, healthy, and full of vitality” can reinforce a positive mindset towards one’s health.

Emotional well-being : Emotional distress can manifest as physical symptoms, and unresolved emotional issues can impede the healing process. By addressing these issues through counseling, therapy, or other means, individuals can work towards a more balanced state of health.

Dr. Gupta does not discount medical interventions rather, he sees them as one part of a larger healing process. Medications, surgeries, and other treatments can be necessary and life-saving, but they are most effective when combined with a supportive mental and emotional environment.

Dr. Mohit Gupta’s message on prioritizing human touch over high-tech in the medical field is a call to remember the fundamental importance of empathy, compassion, and personal connection in healthcare. Despite the incredible advancements in medical technology, Dr. Gupta emphasizes that these tools should not overshadow the healing power of human interaction.

He advocates for a healthcare approach that values personal care and attention, where medical professionals not only use their technical skills but also their ability to connect with patients on a human level. This includes understanding patients’ emotional needs, providing comfort, and offering reassurance during their treatment journey.

Dr. Gupta’s perspective is that while high-tech medical solutions are essential for accurate diagnoses and effective treatments, they must be complemented by the human element. The warmth of a caregiver’s touch, the understanding in their voice, and the genuine concern in their eyes can often provide a level of comfort and healing that technology alone cannot.

In essence, Dr. Gupta’s message is a reminder that in the world of medicine, where high-tech is increasingly prevalent, the human touch remains irreplaceable. It’s about finding the right balance between using cutting-edge technology and maintaining the compassionate essence of healthcare that truly supports patients’ healing processes.

How To Care for Your Heart by Dr Mohit Gupta

Bishnu 🙏

PS: I have much pleasure in informing you that today I have completed the 200th episode of The Sunday Sharing.

I and my daughter Shubhra started it in March 2020, during the first phase of the COVID-19 pandemic. In the initial phase, most of the videos were on the Corona virus and the COVID-19 pandemic. At that time, we had not had good videos. We used to make video screen recordings. Over the period, we got many diverse videos from different WhatsApp groups and individuals and kept sharing every Sunday. Our Heartfelt thanks to friends and well-wishers for supporting us in our journey. 👍🙏

If you are finding videos and write-ups valuable, then keep on sharing these to your family members, friends, colleagues and others.
If you are getting these from a group but are interested in getting them directly in your own WhatsApp inbox, then please send a message directly to me so that I can add you to my broadcast list.

No. 199, Date: 7th April 2024
Theme: Love Story of Klepetan and Malena 🦢💕

Klepetan and Malena were a pair of white storks who became famous for their love story. They lived in small town Brodski Varoš, Croatia.

The love story of Klepetan and Malena is indeed one that has touched the hearts of people around the globe. Klepetan’s incredible journey spanning 16,000 kilometers from South Africa to Croatia every year showcased a level of devotion and loyalty that is truly remarkable. Despite the vast distance that separated them, Klepetan’s unwavering commitment to be with Malena spoke volumes about the strength of their bond.

Their love story, spanning an impressive 19 years, was not just about two storks, but also about the beautiful connection they shared with the caring farmer, Stjepan Vokicm, who played a crucial role in their lives. His kindness and compassion towards Malena, nurturing her back to health after her injury, exemplified the power of human empathy in fostering love and companionship in the animal kingdom.

However, as with all tales of love, theirs too had its bittersweet moments. The passing of Malena in 2021 marked the end of an era, leaving Klepetan and admirers worldwide grieving the loss of this iconic duo. Yet, even in their sorrow, their story remains a beacon of hope and inspiration, reminding us of the enduring power of love and the resilience of the human spirit.

Klepetan and Malena’s journey together was more than just a love story; it was a testament to the strength of the human-animal bond, the triumph of love over distance and adversity, and the enduring legacy of two souls who found solace and companionship in each other’s embrace. Theirs is a tale that will continue to resonate with generations to come, a timeless reminder of the beauty and resilience of love in all its forms.

A poem on Klepetan and Malena:

Klepetan and Malena
Two storks, so white and pure,
Their love was strong and sure.

Klepetan would fly so far,
To be with Malena, his guiding star.
Malena could not fly,
But her love for Klepetan reached the sky.

They were together for many years,
Their love brought them joy and tears.

Klepetan is now alone,
But his love for Malena has never flown.
He returns to Brodski Varoš every spring,
To remember the love that they did bring.

Klepetan and Malena’s story is a reminder,
That love is powerful and can conquer any kind of hinder.
So cherish the love you have,
For it is a precious gift.

The love story of Klepetan and Malena imparts several profound lessons that resonate with people of all ages:

Unwavering Commitment: Klepetan’s annual return to Malena despite the arduous journey showcases unwavering commitment. It teaches us the importance of staying true to our promises and the ones we love, even when faced with challenges.

Loyalty and Devotion: Both Klepetan and Malena exemplify loyalty and devotion to each other. Their bond remains steadfast despite the distance and time apart, emphasizing the value of loyalty in relationships.

Overcoming Obstacles: Malena’s injury and Klepetan’s long migration demonstrate resilience in overcoming obstacles. Their love persists despite physical limitations and geographical distances, teaching us to persevere through challenges in love and life.

Patience and Waiting: Malena’s patience in waiting for Klepetan’s return teaches us the virtue of patience. Sometimes, love requires waiting and understanding, and Malena’s patience serves as a reminder of the rewards that come with it.

Appreciating the Present Moment: Klepetan and Malena cherish each moment together, whether it’s building their nest or reuniting after a long separation. Their story encourages us to appreciate and savor the present moments with our loved ones.

The Power of Love: Ultimately, Klepetan and Malena’s story underscores the transformative power of love. It transcends boundaries, sustains through hardships, and brings joy and fulfillment. Their enduring love inspires us to nurture and cherish the relationships that matter most in our lives.

Bishnu 🙏

No. 198, Date: 31st March 2024
Theme: Reading and Preserving Books
From the Blog of Rishad Tobaccowala on Reading

Lots of things in life change us. Memorable experiences. Transformative relationships. Amazing people.
But the books we read impact us deeply too.

“The best books are like surgeons. They change you but you do not remember them and they do not leave an external mark.” but even then “A great piece of writing is one that you feel on your skin.

A story is simply a sequence of language that produces a chemical reaction in our bodies.”
But they have a unique long last effect because while “Drugs get flushed from our system but not the best stories.”

George Martin wrote “A reader lives a thousand lives before he dies . . . The man who never reads lives only one.”

“Writers have not taken us anywhere but they have taken us everywhere”

Writing and therefore being able to pass on knowledge from generation to generation and accessing such knowledge via reading is what has enabled humanity to grow.

Even today in a world of multi-media such as movies and games or wonderful Broadway works like “Hamilton” the key is the script and the story.
It has been said that “stories are data with a soul”

Reading books offers a multitude of benefits across various aspects of life, including cognitive, emotional, social, and personal development.

Some of the key benefits:

Knowledge Acquisition: Books are rich sources of information and knowledge on a wide range of subjects. Whether you’re reading fiction or non-fiction, books provide insights into different cultures, historical events, scientific discoveries, and much more.

Improved Vocabulary and Language Skills: Reading exposes you to a diverse range of vocabulary and language structures, helping to expand your vocabulary and improve your language proficiency. This, in turn, enhances communication skills and writing ability.

Enhanced Mental Stimulation: Engaging with books stimulates the brain and exercises cognitive functions such as memory, critical thinking, and problem-solving. Reading regularly can help maintain cognitive function and may even reduce the risk of cognitive decline as you age.

Stress Reduction and Relaxation: Reading can be a form of escapism, allowing you to immerse yourself in another world and temporarily forget about stressors in your own life. It promotes relaxation and can help alleviate anxiety and tension.

Increased Empathy and Understanding: Fictional literature, in particular, allows readers to step into the shoes of characters from different backgrounds and experiences. This can foster empathy, compassion, and a deeper understanding of human emotions and behaviors.

Improved Focus and Concentration: Reading requires sustained focus and attention, especially when tackling longer or more complex texts. Regular reading can help improve concentration skills and extend attention spans, which can be beneficial in various areas of life.

Stimulation of Imagination and Creativity: Books spark imagination and creativity by presenting new ideas, scenarios, and perspectives. They encourage readers to think beyond their own experiences and envision possibilities beyond the constraints of reality.

Personal Growth and Self-Reflection: Reading self-help, motivational, or philosophical books can inspire personal growth and self-reflection. These books often offer insights, guidance, and practical strategies for overcoming challenges, setting goals, and improving one’s life.

Connection to Others: Books provide a shared experience that can facilitate connections with others who have read the same book. Joining book clubs or discussing books with friends and family can lead to meaningful conversations and the exchange of ideas.

Entertainment and Enjoyment: Above all, reading books is an enjoyable and fulfilling activity. Whether you prefer mysteries, romances, thrillers, or literary classics, there is a book out there to suit every taste and preference.

Few Quotes on Books

A room without books is like a body without a soul.” – Marcus Tullius Cicero

“The more that you read, the more things you will know. The more that you learn, the more places you’ll go.” – Dr. Seuss

Books are a uniquely portable magic.” – Stephen King

“I cannot live without books.” – Thomas Jefferson

“There is no friend as loyal as a book.” – Ernest Hemingway

“A book is a dream that you hold in your hand.” – Neil Gaiman

“Books are the plane, and the train, and the road. They are the destination, and the journey. They are home.” – Anna Quindlen

“Good friends, good books, and a sleepy conscience: this is the ideal life.” – Mark Twain

“Fairy tales are more than true: not because they tell us that dragons exist, but because they tell us that dragons can be beaten.” – Neil Gaiman

“Outside of a dog, a book is man’s best friend. Inside of a dog it’s too dark to read.”* – Groucho Marx

Books are the quietest and most constant of friends; they are the most accessible and wisest of counselors, and the most patient of teachers.” – Charles William Eliot

“Books are the mirrors of the soul.” – Virginia Woolf

Reading physical books holds several advantages that contribute to both cognitive and emotional well-being:

Tactile Experience: Holding a physical book, turning its pages, and feeling its weight can create a unique sensory experience that many readers find enjoyable and immersive. This tactile engagement can enhance the overall reading experience and make it more memorable.

Reduced Digital Distractions: Reading a physical book eliminates the distractions that come with digital devices, such as notifications, emails, and social media updates. This allows readers to focus more deeply on the content without interruptions, leading to better comprehension and retention.

Eye Strain Reduction: Extended screen time from digital devices can cause eye strain and fatigue. Reading physical books provides a welcome break from screens, helping to reduce eye strain and potentially alleviate associated discomfort.

Enhanced Comprehension and Retention: Research suggests that reading from physical books may lead to better comprehension and retention compared to reading from digital devices. The tactile experience and spatial memory associated with physical books can aid in forming stronger mental connections to the material.

Encouragement of Mindfulness: Reading physical books encourages mindfulness and deep concentration, as it requires readers to focus solely on the text without the distractions often present in digital environments. This can promote relaxation and stress reduction.

Collectibility and Sentimentality: Physical books can hold sentimental value and become cherished possessions, especially if they are gifts, first editions, or have personal inscriptions. Additionally, building a personal library of physical books can be a source of pride and a reflection of one’s interests and identity.

Aesthetic Appeal: Physical books often feature cover art, typography, and design elements that add to their aesthetic appeal. Displaying books in a home or workspace can enhance the environment and serve as conversation starters.

Connection to Tradition: Reading physical books connects readers to a centuries-old tradition of literacy and knowledge-sharing. Holding a book that has been passed down through generations or exploring classics that have stood the test of time can foster a sense of continuity and cultural connection.

Preserving physical books

We all have several books in our homes, offices clubs and libraries.
It requires proper care and handling to ensure books’ longevity.
Here are some tips to help you preserve your books for the long term:

Storage: Store books in a clean, dry, and well-ventilated environment. Avoid areas prone to moisture, extreme temperatures, or direct sunlight, as these conditions can damage books over time.

Bookends: Use bookends to support books when storing them upright on shelves. This prevents them from leaning or warping, which can cause damage to the spine and pages.

Shelving: Store books upright rather than stacking them horizontally, as stacking can lead to spine damage and misalignment. Use sturdy bookshelves with enough space to accommodate your collection without overcrowding.

Handling: Handle books with clean hands to avoid transferring oils, dirt, or moisture onto the pages. Avoid pulling books from the top of the spine, as this can cause stress and damage. Instead, push books gently from both sides to remove them from shelves.

Protection: Consider using protective covers or dust jackets to shield books from dust, dirt, and light exposure. Acid-free archival covers are ideal for long-term preservation, as they provide additional protection without causing damage to the book’s materials.

Cleaning: Periodically dust books with a soft, dry cloth to remove surface dirt and debris. Avoid using water or cleaning solutions, as moisture can damage the pages and covers. For stubborn stains, consult a professional book conservator.

Climate Control: Maintain stable environmental conditions to prevent fluctuations in temperature and humidity, which can accelerate deterioration. Use dehumidifiers or humidifiers if necessary to control moisture levels, and avoid storing books in basements or attics where conditions may be less stable.

Pest Control: Inspect books regularly for signs of pests such as insects or rodents. Implement pest control measures to prevent infestations, and store books in sealed containers if necessary to protect them from damage.

Book Repair: Address minor damage promptly to prevent it from worsening over time. Consider learning basic book repair techniques or consult a professional book conservator for more extensive repairs.

Limited Handling: Minimize unnecessary handling of books to reduce the risk of damage. Avoid bending or creasing pages, and use bookmarks or archival paper to mark your place instead of folding corners or inserting objects into the book.

Digitization: Digitizing books is a modern method of preservation that creates electronic copies, ensuring the content is saved even if the physical book deteriorates.

Bishnu 🙏

PS : From Rishad Tobaccowala

Today’s Large Language Models (LLM’s) which drive AI (Artificial Intelligence) advances like GPT learn and grow through “reading”.
They ingest large data sets and then connect dots, “see” patterns and create relationships while optimizing against learning goals.

“Reading” grows their capabilities which allow them to “write” their responses. We respond with shock or awe when we read what “they” write.

Today, GPT reads widely and then observes our reactions to help us grow (though like any reader who switches between genres they can move from non-fiction to highly speculative fantasy disconnected from reality!)

These days we hear people saying the machine is “hallucinating” but for us humans too “reading is a form of dreaming which takes us out of ourselves.

No. 197, Date: 25th March 2024
Theme: Indian Supper Food

Food is a diverse range of substances consumed by humans to provide essential nutrients, sustain life, and satisfy hunger. It can be derived from plants or animals and includes items like fruits, vegetables, grains, meats, dairy, oils, and beverages. Beyond mere sustenance, food holds cultural significance, fosters social connections, and brings enjoyment to life.

Nutrient-rich food is crucial for promoting growth and development, especially during critical stages like infancy, childhood, and adolescence. A balanced diet, containing essential nutrients like macronutrients, micronutrients, omega-3 fatty acids, phytonutrients, and water, is essential for supporting physical growth, cognitive development, and overall well-being throughout life.

What is a super food?

The term “superfood” is often used to describe foods that are exceptionally nutrient-dense and believed to provide various health benefits. While there is no official definition of a superfood and the term is more of a marketing concept, foods labeled as superfoods typically possess certain characteristics that contribute to their reputation:

Nutrient Density: Superfoods are rich in essential nutrients such as vitamins, minerals, antioxidants, and phytonutrients. They provide a high concentration of beneficial compounds per calorie, making them highly nutritious additions to the diet.

Antioxidant Content: Many superfoods are packed with antioxidants, which help protect cells from damage caused by free radicals. Antioxidants play a role in reducing inflammation, supporting the immune system, and lowering the risk of chronic diseases like cancer and heart disease.

Anti-inflammatory Properties: Some superfoods have natural anti-inflammatory properties, which can help reduce inflammation in the body. Chronic inflammation is linked to various health conditions, so consuming anti-inflammatory foods may promote overall health and well-being.

High Fiber Content: Superfoods often contain significant amounts of dietary fiber, which is important for digestive health, weight management, and regulating blood sugar levels. Fiber also helps promote satiety and may reduce the risk of certain diseases.

Healthy Fats: Certain superfoods are rich in healthy fats, particularly omega-3 fatty acids. These fats are important for brain health, heart health, and reducing inflammation in the body.

Low Glycemic Index: Some superfoods have a low glycemic index, meaning they cause a gradual increase in blood sugar levels. Foods with a low glycemic index can help regulate blood sugar levels, promote satiety, and reduce the risk of type 2 diabetes and obesity.

Functional Compounds: Superfoods often contain bioactive compounds with specific health-promoting properties. For example, curcumin in turmeric has anti-inflammatory effects, while polyphenols in green tea have antioxidant properties.

Cultural Significance: Many superfoods have been consumed for centuries in traditional diets and medicinal practices around the world. They may hold cultural significance and have been valued for their health benefits throughout history.

Indian Super Food

Indian cuisine offers a rich variety of foods that are considered highly nutritious and are often labeled as superfoods due to their health-promoting properties. Some Indian superfoods are:

Turmeric: A staple spice in Indian cooking, turmeric contains curcumin, a compound with potent anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties. It’s used in curries, soups, and beverages like golden milk.

Ghee: Clarified butter, or ghee, is a traditional cooking fat in Indian cuisine. It’s rich in fat-soluble vitamins and butyric acid, which may have anti-inflammatory and gut health benefits.

Moringa: Also known as the drumstick tree, moringa is valued for its nutritional density. Its leaves are rich in vitamins, minerals, antioxidants, and protein. Moringa leaves are used in curries, soups, and as a garnish.

Tulsi (Holy Basil): Tulsi is considered sacred in India and is prized for its medicinal properties. It’s used in Ayurvedic medicine to support overall health and well-being, with potential benefits for stress relief and immune support.

Amla (Indian Gooseberry): Amla is a potent source of vitamin C and antioxidants. It’s used fresh, dried, or as a juice and is believed to boost immunity, improve digestion, and enhance skin and hair health.

Fenugreek: Fenugreek seeds and leaves are commonly used in Indian cooking and Ayurvedic medicine. They’re rich in fiber, protein, vitamins, and minerals, with potential benefits for digestion, blood sugar control, and lactation support.

Sesame Seeds: Sesame seeds are rich in healthy fats, protein, and minerals like calcium and iron. They’re used in sweets, savories, and as a garnish in Indian cuisine.

Coconut: Coconut in its various forms—coconut meat, milk, oil, and water—is widely used in Indian cooking. It’s rich in healthy fats, fiber, vitamins, and minerals, with potential benefits for heart health and metabolism.

Ashwagandha: An adaptogenic herb used in Ayurvedic medicine, ashwagandha is believed to help the body adapt to stress, promote relaxation, and support overall vitality and well-being.

These Indian superfoods are integral to traditional diets and are valued for their nutritional density and potential health benefits. Incorporating them into a balanced diet can contribute to overall health and well-being.

Potential negative things associated with supper food:

While superfoods are often promoted for their health benefits, it’s important to recognize that there can be potential negative impacts associated with their consumption. Here are some considerations:

Cost: Many superfoods, especially those that are trendy or imported, can be expensive. This may make them inaccessible to individuals on limited budgets or in low-income communities.

Sustainability: The increased demand for certain superfoods can lead to environmental concerns such as deforestation, habitat destruction, and overexploitation of natural resources. For example, the production of quinoa has led to environmental issues in some regions where it’s grown.

Cultural Displacement: The rising global demand for superfoods can impact local communities and cultures where these foods are traditionally grown and consumed. Large-scale production for export may disrupt traditional farming practices and food systems, leading to cultural displacement and loss of biodiversity.

Misinformation: The marketing of superfoods sometimes leads to exaggerated claims about their health benefits. This can contribute to misinformation and confusion among consumers, who may believe that consuming superfoods alone will solve all their health problems.

Nutrient Imbalance: Focusing excessively on specific superfoods may lead to an imbalance in nutrient intake. While superfoods may be rich in certain nutrients, they may lack others that are essential for overall health. A balanced diet that includes a variety of nutrient-dense foods is key to meeting nutritional needs.

Allergies and Sensitivities: Some superfoods, such as nuts, seeds, and seafood, are common allergens. Consuming these foods can pose risks for individuals with allergies or sensitivities, potentially leading to adverse reactions.

Digestive Issues: Certain superfoods, especially those high in fiber or certain types of carbohydrates, may cause digestive discomfort or exacerbate symptoms in individuals with digestive disorders like irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) or gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD).

Interactions with Medications: Some superfoods, herbs, or supplements may interact with medications, affecting their efficacy or causing adverse effects. It’s important to consult with a healthcare professional before incorporating new superfoods into your diet, especially if you’re taking medications or have underlying health conditions.

Using superfood in a better way:

Using superfoods in a balanced and sustainable way can help maximize their nutritional benefits while minimizing potential negative impacts. Here are some tips for incorporating superfoods into your diet in a better way:

Diversify Your Diet: Instead of focusing on a few specific superfoods, aim for variety by incorporating a wide range of nutrient-dense foods into your meals. This ensures that you’re getting a broad spectrum of nutrients and phytochemicals.

Local and Seasonal Options: Explore locally grown and seasonal superfoods, which are often fresher, more affordable, and have a lower environmental footprint compared to imported or out-of-season varieties.

Whole Foods First: Prioritize whole foods over processed or refined products. For example, choose whole grains like quinoa or brown rice over quinoa pasta or rice cakes made with refined grains.

Balance and Moderation: Enjoy superfoods as part of a balanced diet, rather than relying on them exclusively. Balance superfoods with other nutritious foods to ensure you’re meeting all your nutritional needs.

Mindful Portions: Pay attention to portion sizes when consuming calorie-dense superfoods like nuts, seeds, and avocados. While they offer health benefits, consuming them in excess can lead to unwanted weight gain.

Include in Recipes: Incorporate superfoods into your favorite recipes to boost their nutritional content. Add berries to smoothies, sprinkle seeds on salads, or use turmeric in curries and soups.

Homemade Preparations: Make your own superfood preparations at home whenever possible. For example, prepare homemade granola with nuts, seeds, and dried fruits instead of buying pre-packaged varieties with added sugars and preservatives.

Respect Cultural Traditions: Appreciate the cultural significance of superfoods and respect the communities that have been cultivating and consuming them for generations. Learn about traditional recipes and cooking methods that highlight these foods.

It’s important to note that while superfoods offer various potential health benefits, no single food can provide all the nutrients the body needs. A balanced diet that includes a variety of nutrient-rich foods is essential for overall health and well-being. Additionally, individual dietary needs and health goals may vary, so it’s best to consult with a healthcare professional or registered dietitian for personalized dietary advice.

Bishnu 🙏

No. 196, Date: 17th March 2024
Theme: 2024 General Election of India

The term of 17th Lok Sabha is due to expire on 16th June, 2024. In view of constitutional and legal provisions, the Election Commission of India (ECI) has made comprehensive preparations for the conduct of elections to the 18th Lok Sabha in a free, fair, participative, accessible, inclusive, transparent and peaceful manner.

ECI is also to conduct election to the Legislative Assemblies of Andhra Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh, Odisha and Sikkim before the cessation of their terms in 2024 along with General election (Lok Sabha).

Elections to the world’s largest democracy pose immense challenges with respect to logistics and man / woman and material management and the Commission’s endeavor in this direction has been to consult all stakeholders, invite inputs from all relevant departments/ organizations and evolve a coordinated framework for smooth delivery of yet another round of General Election.

General Elections to Lok Sabha in India is considered to be the biggest man management exercise in the world. It involves a mammoth task to mobilize election machinery of more than 12 million officials for this exercise.

General elections will be held in India from 19 April 2024 to 1 June 2024 to elect the 543 members of the 18th Lok Sabha. The elections will be held in seven different phases and the results will be announced on 4 June 2024. This will be the largest-ever election in the world, surpassing the 2019 general elections and will be the longest-held general elections in the country with a total span of 44 days (excluding the inaugural general election).
Article 83 of the Constitution of India requires elections to the Lok Sabha be held once every five years. All 543 elected MPs are elected from single-member constituencies using first-past-the-post voting. The 104th amendment to the constitution abolished the two seats that were reserved for the Anglo-Indian community.

Eligible voters must be Indian citizens, 18 years or older, ordinary resident of the polling area of the constituency and registered to vote (name included in the electoral rolls), possess a valid voter identification card issued by the Election Commission of India or equivalent. Some people convicted of electoral or other offences are barred from voting.

Election will be conducted by using Electronic Voting Machines (EVM)

Schedule of 2024 General Election

Phase – I: 19th April 2024, 102 constituencies in 21 states
Phase – II: 26th April 2024, 89 constituencies in 13 states
Phase – III: 7th May 2024, 94 constituencies in 21 states
Phase – IV: 13th May 2024, 96 constituencies in 10 states
Phase – V: 20th May 2024, 49 constituencies in 8 states
Phase – VI: 25th May 2024, 57 constituencies in 7 states
Phase – VII: 1st June 2024, 57 constituencies in 8 states

Date of Counting: 4th June 2024 (Tuesday)

Model Code of Conduct

The Model Code of Conduct for guidance of political parties and candidates is a set of norms which has been evolved with the consensus of political parties who have consented to abide by the principles embodied in the said code and also binds them to respect and observe it in its letter and spirit.

Election Commission of India has prescribed the Model Code of Conduct for below-aspects related to election.

I. General Conduct
II. Meetings
III. Procession
IV. Polling Day
V. Polling Booth
VI. Observers
VII. Party in Power
VIII. Guidelines on Election Manifestos

General Conduct

  1. No party or candidate shall include in any activity which may aggravate existing differences or create mutual hatred or cause tension between different castes and communities, religious or linguistic.
  2. Criticism of other political parties, when made, shall be confined to their policies and programme, past record and work. Parties and Candidates shall refrain from criticism of all aspects of private life, not connected with the public activities of the leaders or workers of other parties. Criticism of other parties or their workers based on unverified allegations or distortion shall be avoided.
  3. There shall be no appeal to caste or communal feelings for securing votes. Mosques, Churches, Temples or other places of worship shall not be used as forum for election propaganda.
  4. All parties and candidates shall avoid scrupulously all activities which are “corrupt practices” and offences under the election law, such as bribing of voters, intimidation of voters, impersonation of voters, canvassing within 100 meters of polling stations, holding public meetings during the period of 48 hours ending with the hour fixed for the close of the poll, and the transport and conveyance of voters to and from polling station.

Let’s use our voting rights to elect our parliamentarians to the 18th Lok Sabha of India in 2024.

Bishnu 🙏

Interesting Information about the Lok Sabha:

  • The Lok Sabha is the lower house of India’s Parliament and is also known as the House of the People.The Lok Sabha has a maximum of 552 members, with 545 members currently serving. But 18th Lok Sabha will have 543 members.
  • First Lok Sabha commenced date: 13th May 1952
  • Members are chosen by direct election based on adult vote.
  • The Lok Sabha has certain powers that make it more powerful than the Rajya Sabha. These powers include:
  • Motions of no confidence: If passed by a majority vote, the Prime Minister and the Council of Ministers resign collectively.
  • Money bills: Can only be introduced in the Lok Sabha.
  • The term of the Lok Sabha is five years from the date appointed for its first meeting.
  • One of the most important functions of the Lok Sabha is to select the executive.
  • The Lok Sabha speaker is a member who is elected from amongst the members of the house.
  • Chandni Chowk (Delhi) Lok Sabha constituency is the smallest constituency in the Lok Sabha by area.
  • Ladakh (the union territory of Ladakh, India) is the largest constituency in the Lok Sabha by area.
  • Maximum no. of Voters in a Lok Sabha constituency – Malkajgiri (Telangana)
  • Less no. of Voters in a Lok Sabha constituency – Lakshadweep
  • Uttar Pradesh has the maximum no. of Lok Sabha seats – 80 nos, Maharashtra – 48 and West Bengal – 42.
  • Eight (8) States / UTs (A & N Island, Chandigarh, Ladakh, Lakshadweep, Mizoram, Nagaland, Puducherry, Sikkim) just have one (1) Lok Sabha seat each

No. 195, Date: 10th March 2024
Theme: Perception about Women’s work and status in society

Every year, people celebrate International Women’s Day on March 8 around the world. “Invest in Women: Accelerate Progress” is the theme for this year (2024), a recognition that women must have economic power if they are to be equal and independent.

Is only providing economic opportunities to women going to address gender stereotypes, deep-rooted negative perceptions, prejudices, and inequality that are still prevalent in society?

Mihira Sood (Lawer and Scholar in the field of women’s right) has rightly mention in her article “Boys can’t keep being Boys” (The Times of India, 8th March 2024).

“The moment a child is born is marked with the announcement of its gender, colour – coded as pink or blue. An explosion of glittery unicorns vs. trucks and guns is just the thin end of the wedge. It morphs into school subjects and activities that are equally coded for gender. Then come career options and household dynamics that are apparently determined by choice, but unfailingly replicate age-old patterns children have been tutored for their whole lives.

And through it all, we tell ourselves that these preferences are innate. More disturbingly, we believe, and impart to our kids, that being calm, obedient and diligent is just how girls are, while boys… will be boys.

Girls are taught that their most valuable currency is how they look, that their ultimate goal is marriage, that any career they develop along the way should be secondary to their husbands’. She works at his pleasure, she can’t out-earn him, and she never let career affect the standard of housekeeping and childcare that remain her sole responsibility.

We fail to recognize that inequality is not just a question of different roles performed by different genders. It is also the driver of violence against women. When women have fewer resources, less power, are less assertive, less visible in public life, it is not difficult to see how men can assault them with such impunity.

Bottom line is that we are a country with deep gender prejudices and a truly poisonous masculinity culture our boys grow up in. We are all victims of it. We are also all culpable for it. Coming out of it will require deep and painful excavation of parts of us, which we would rather not confront. It will take uncomfortable conversations and a lot of listening.

Unlearning the toxic inequality is what women need from both society and institutions.”

Bishnu 🙏

No. 194, Date: 3rd March 2024
Theme: Creative Communication for in-Flight safety in Airplanes

In-flight passenger safety is a shared responsibility between the airline and its passengers
In-flight passenger safety involves adhering to various guidelines and practices to ensure the well-being of passengers during air travel.

Some key aspects of in-flight passenger safety include:

Seatbelt Usage
Passengers should always fasten their seatbelts when seated, especially during takeoff, landing, and whenever the seatbelt sign is illuminated.

Listening to Crew Instructions
Pay close attention to pre-flight safety demonstrations and listen to announcements made by the cabin crew. They provide important information regarding safety procedures and emergency protocols.

Following Crew Instructions
Passengers are expected to follow the instructions given by the cabin crew promptly and without hesitation, particularly during emergency situations.

Seatback Upright and Tray Table Stowed
Keep your seatback in the upright position and ensure that tray tables are stowed during takeoff and landing.

Stowing Carry-On Items
Store carry-on items securely in the overhead bins or under the seat in front of you to prevent injuries during turbulence or emergencies.

No Smoking
Smoking is strictly prohibited on commercial flights. This includes cigarettes, e-cigarettes, and other smoking devices.

Seat Selection
Choose seats according to your needs and preferences. For example, if you require assistance during an evacuation, select a seat that is easily accessible and closer to exits.

Emergency Exit Awareness
Familiarize yourself with the location of emergency exits and understand how to operate them. Count the rows to the nearest exit, as visibility may be reduced in an emergency.

Oxygen Mask and Life Vest Usage
If the cabin experiences depressurization, follow the instructions for using the oxygen mask. In case of a water landing, follow the instructions for using the life vest.

Moving Safely in the Cabin
Be cautious when moving around the cabin, especially during turbulence. Use handrails and seatbacks for support.

Reporting Suspicious Activity
Remain vigilant, and report any suspicious activity or unattended items to the cabin crew.

Personal Comfort and Hygiene
Take care of personal comfort and hygiene to minimize the risk of illness during the flight. Stay hydrated, wash hands regularly, and follow recommended hygiene practices.

Respecting Other Passengers
Be considerate of fellow passengers. Avoid disruptive behavior that may compromise the safety or comfort of others.

Paying attention to in-flight safety instructions is a small but vital step that can make a significant difference in ensuring personal and collective safety during a flight

In-flight safety instructions are crucial for several reasons:

Awareness They inform passengers about the safety features of the aircraft and the location of emergency equipment.

Preparedness Passengers who are well-informed about safety procedures are more likely to respond correctly in an emergency.

Self-reliance In case of an emergency, a well-briefed passenger will depend less on crew members and have a better chance of survival.

Reducing Panic In the event of an emergency, clear and familiar safety instructions can help reduce panic among passengers. When individuals are aware of what to do and have practiced the procedures through safety demonstrations, they are more likely to respond calmly and follow instructions during a crisis.

Legal Liability Airlines have a legal responsibility to provide adequate safety information to passengers. In the event of an incident, failure to adhere to safety regulations or adequately inform passengers can have serious legal consequences for the airline.

Compliance Understanding and adhering to safety instructions can prevent chaos and ensure orderly evacuation if necessary.

Injury Prevention Proper use of seatbelts and other safety features can minimize injuries during turbulence or other incidents.

Survivability Accidents are rare, but many are survivable with the correct use of safety equipment and procedures.

Many Airlines are using different ways to communicate in-flight safety norms to their passengers.
Some of these are:

  1. Announcement and Standard safety demonstration by Air hostages
  2. Multilingual and Culturally Diverse Presentations Ensuring that safety communications are available in multiple languages and considering cultural nuances can help reach a broader audience.
  3. Safety Cards with Illustrations Redesigning safety cards with vivid illustrations or comic book-style storytelling can draw more attention to the important information.
  4. Humorous Presentations Adding humor to safety demonstrations can capture passengers’ attention and make the instructions more enjoyable to watch.

Innovative Technology may be applied for effective communication.

  1. Interactive Safety Videos Instead of the standard safety demonstration video, an interactive video could engage passengers by asking them to perform certain actions, like buckling their seatbelt or locating the nearest exit, during the video.
  2. In-Seat Interactive Screens Utilizing the back-of-seat screens for interactive safety tutorials could personalize the experience for each passenger.
  3. Gamification Introducing game elements to the safety briefing, such as quizzes or rewards for paying attention, could make the information more engaging and memorable.
  4. Virtual Reality (VR) Demonstrations Using VR headsets to simulate emergency scenarios could provide a more immersive learning experience for passengers.
  5. Augmented Reality (AR) Apps An AR app could allow passengers to scan various parts of the airplane cabin with their smartphones to receive instant information about safety features.

Air India has adapted an innovative way using Indian cultural dance forms videos to promote in-flight safety awareness for the passengers.

Air India is the flag carrier airline of India. It is owned by Air India Limited, a Tata Group enterprise, and operates a fleet of Airbus and Boeing aircraft serving 102 domestic and international destinations.

  • 1932: JRD Tata, an Indian aviator and business tycoon, founded Air India. The airline’s first scheduled service was to fly mail and passengers between Karachi, Ahmadabad, Bombay, Bellary, and Madras.

  • 1947: Air India was nationalized around the time India gains independence.
  • On 27 January 2022, the airline was officially handed over to Tata Group by Govt. of India.

Bishnu 🙏

No. 193, Date: 25th February 2024
Theme: Tribute to Ameen Sayani Ji

Heartfelt condolences and tributes to Shri Ameen Sahani Ji, who left the world on February 20, 2024. 💐🙏

Ameen Sayani, a renowned Indian radio announcer, achieved widespread popularity with his iconic program “Binaca Geetmala” on Radio Ceylon. His distinct style of addressing the audience, exemplified by the unique greeting Behno aur Bhaiyo (sisters and brothers), resonated with listeners and became a signature of his broadcasts. Sayani’s influence extended beyond radio, involving contributions to movies and assisting in a journal publication under his mother’s guidance. His significant contributions to radio broadcasting, characterized by a melodious voice and persuasive style, established him as a legendary figure in the field.

Ameen Sayani, born in 1932 in Bombay into a Gujarati family deeply involved in India’s independence movement, received his education at New Era and Scindia School, fostering national pride and inter-cultural integration. St. Xavier’s College in Bombay nurtured his talent in the performing arts and instilled a romantic touch of endless optimism.

From 1945 to 1960, he assisted his mother in editing the journal “Rahber,” promoting neo-literacy and following Mahatma Gandhi’s language ideals in Hindi, Urdu, and Gujarati scripts. Ameen’s clear and credible communication skills in Hindustani were honed during this period. Influenced by his multi-talented brother Hamid, he engaged in various activities such as stage acting, direction, compering, writing, and even some magic. Eventually, he entered All-India Radio, Bombay, participating in English programs for a decade.

Some important milestones from his life:

Early Career: Ameen Sayani began his career at All India Radio, Bombay, where he worked for ten years, introduced by his brother Hamid Sayani.

Geetmala: In 1952, he joined Radio Ceylon and launched ‘Binaca Geetmala’, a weekly countdown of popular Hindi film songs, which became a cultural phenomenon.

Journalism: He assisted his mother, Kulsum Sayani, in editing, publishing, and printing a fortnightly journal for new literates under Mahatma Gandhi’s guidance.

Awards: Ameen Sayani received numerous awards, including the ‘Hindi Ratna Puraskaar’ from the Hindi Bhavan of New Delhi in 2007 and the Padma Shri award in 2009.

Record Holder: He produced, hosted, or spoke for over 54,000 radio programmes and 19,000 spots or jingles, as recorded in the Limca Book of Records.

Popular national radio shows: “CIBACA (formerly BINACA) GEETMALA” broadcast since 1952, mainly over Sri Lanka Broadcasting Corporation and later over Vividh Bharati (AIR), for a combined total of over 42 years. It was again revived after a gap of 7 years and was, till August 2003, aired over the National Network of Vividh Bharati as COLGATE CIBACA GEETMALA

S. KUMARS KA FILMI MUQADDAMA and FILMI MULAQAAT over SLBC and Vividh Bharati for 7 years re-commenced, after a decade, on Vividh Bharati for a year.

SARIDON KE SAATHI 4 years. (AIR’s first sponsored show.) “BOURNVITA QUIZ CONTEST”: 8 years. (He took over from his brother and guru, Hamid Sayani, after his death in 1975.)


JOHAR KE JAWAAB (for GEEP): 3 years.




Ameen Sayani had an extensive background in producing short audio commercials and jingles, having created over 20,000 since 1951. These commercials, ranging from 15 to 60 seconds, were primarily for consumer products, but he had also promoted feature films through 30-second videos and radio trailers, as well as live shows and concert tours with 60- to 90-second spots for Bollywood mega-shows in North America and Europe. Additionally, Ameen has crafted signature jingles and songs for Indian radio stations abroad, tailoring them to match the contemporary culture of the Asian community in the respective foreign countries.

His work extended to various events such as industrial fairs, sports matches, Independence Day parades, circuses, and promotion for commercial establishments and services including shops, restaurants, amusement parks, banks, music companies, book publishers, airlines, and travel agencies.

Geetmala initially known as Binaca Geetmala and later as Cibaca Geetmala and Colgate-Cibaca Geetmala originated on Radio Ceylon in 1952 and later shifted to All-India Radio’s Vivian Bharati network in 1989. Ameen Sayani, the host, managed the show for a meager sum of Rs. 25 a week. Initially an experimental jackpot show, it gained immense popularity with a mail-response competition, drawing thousands of letters weekly. Ameen, along with a small group of volunteers, struggled to handle the overwhelming response. The format transitioned to a 1-hour countdown hit parade in 1954, becoming immensely popular across Asia and East Africa. This period is considered the golden era of film music, fostering cultural integration in a multilingual nation through Hindi film songs. The success of “Geetmala” was notable, especially as All-India Radio had banned Hindi film music in the early 1950s, making it a cultural phenomenon with millions of listeners.

Bishnu 🙏

PS: Radio Ceylon

Radio Ceylon, now known as the Sri Lanka Broadcasting Corporation (SLBC), is a historic radio station in Sri Lanka and holds the distinction of being the first radio station in Asia, dating back to 1925. Initially named Colombo Radio, it played a crucial role in mass communication, becoming a medium of national character. In 1949, it became a separate government department and later transformed into a state corporation in 1967. After the Republic of Sri Lanka was established in 1972, it adopted its current name, SLBC. Notably popular in India during the 1950s and 1970s, Radio Ceylon captured major vernacular markets by segmenting programming into Hindi, Tamil, and Telugu. Its popularity surged when All India Radio (AIR) banned film music, leading Radio Ceylon to fill the void by broadcasting film songs, gaining immense popularity among Indian audiences.

No. – 192, Date: 18th Feb. 2024
Theme: 100 years of Disney

For 100 years, Disney has been a source of joy and inspiration to all the world.

Disney is one of the world’s largest and most successful media and entertainment companies, with a history that spans nearly a century. It has been a pioneer and leader in its field, and has shaped the culture and imagination of millions of people around the world.

From Mickey Mouse to Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs, characters and stories introduced decades ago continue to be celebrated in brand-new films, television programs, merchandise items and theme park experiences.

From humble beginnings as a cartoon studio in the 1920s to its preeminent name in the entertainment industry today, Disney proudly continues its legacy of creating world-class stories and experiences for every member of the family.

Over the course of a century, Disney has become one of the most iconic and influential entertainment companies globally. It started as a small animation studio and grew into a diversified multinational conglomerate with a significant presence in various media and entertainment sectors, including film, television, theme parks, and merchandise.

Walt Disney arrived in California in the summer of 1923 with a lot of hopes but little else. He had made a cartoon in Kansas City about a little girl in a cartoon world, called Alice’s Wonderland, and he decided that he could use it as his “pilot” film to sell a series of these “Alice Comedies” to a distributor. Soon after arriving in California, he was successful. A distributor in New York, M. J. Winkler, contracted to distribute the Alice Comedies on October 16, 1923, and this date became the start of the Disney company. Originally known as the Disney Brothers Cartoon Studio, with Walt Disney and his brother, Roy, as equal partners, the company soon changed its name, at Roy’s suggestion, to the Walt Disney Studio.

The world of Disney animations and films is brimming with a vast and diverse cast of characters.

Classic Heroes and Heroines
Princesses: Snow White, Cinderella, Aurora (Sleeping Beauty), Ariel (The Little Mermaid), Belle (Beauty and the Beast), Jasmine (Aladdin), Pocahontas, Mulan, Tiana (The Princess and the Frog), Merida (Brave), Moana, Raya (Raya and the Last Dragon)
Princes and Heroes: Prince Charming, Aladdin, Hercules, Simba (The Lion King), Flynn Rider (Tangled), Kristoff (Frozen), Maui (Moana)

Charming Sidekicks and Companions:
Animal Companions: Bambi, Dumbo, Timon & Pumbaa (The Lion King), Pascal (Rapunzel), Baymax (Big Hero 6)
Funny Sidekicks: Jiminy Cricket (Pinocchio), Genie (Aladdin), Mushu (Mulan), Olaf (Frozen)
Intriguing Villains:
Classic Villains: Maleficent (Sleeping Beauty), Ursula (The Little Mermaid), Jafar (Aladdin), Scar (The Lion King), Cruella de Vil (101 Dalmatians)
Modern Villains: Mother Gothel (Tangled), Hans (Frozen), Ernesto de la Cruz (Coco)

Other Notable Characters:*
Witty Animals: Robin Hood, Baloo (The Jungle Book), Dory (Finding Nemo), Nick Wilde & Judy Hopps (Zootopia)
Magical Beings: Tinker Bell (Peter Pan), Genie (Aladdin), Elsa & Anna (Frozen)
Humorous Characters: Goofy, Donald Duck, Mike & Sulley (Monsters, Inc.)

Disney’s contributions to animation and entertainment are numerous and far-reaching Here are some of the most significant:

Pioneering animation techniques:
Full-length animated films: Disney produced the first successful full-length animated film, “Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs” (1937), paving the way for future feature-length animation.
Multiplane camera: This innovative technique created depth and dimension in animation, previously lacking in earlier cartoons.

Character development: Disney focused on giving animated characters relatable personalities and emotions, making them more engaging for audiences.

Expanding the reach of animation:
Animation for all ages: Disney’s films appealed to both children and adults, bringing animation to a wider audience than ever before.
Storytelling through music: The integration of memorable songs and musical scores became a hallmark of Disney films, enhancing the storytelling experience.

Global impact: Disney’s animated films, translated into numerous languages, reached audiences worldwide, spreading the magic of animation across cultures.

Shaping entertainment experiences:

Theme parks: Disneyland, opened in 1955, revolutionized the theme park industry by offering immersive experiences based on beloved characters and stories.

Merchandising: Disney’s success with character merchandising created a strong connection between audiences and their favorite characters, extending the impact of their films.

Technological innovation: Disney has consistently embraced new technologies, from early sound systems to computer animation, pushing the boundaries of entertainment possibilities.

Lasting cultural impact:
Iconic characters: Mickey Mouse, Cinderella, Winnie the Pooh, and countless others have become cultural icons, recognized and loved by generations across the globe.

Timeless stories: Disney’s classic narratives explore universal themes like love, courage, and good vs. evil, resonating with audiences of all ages.

Inspiring creativity: Disney’s legacy has inspired countless animators, artists, and storytellers, influencing the course of animation and entertainment for decades.


No. – 191, Date: 11th Feb. 2024
Theme: Starling Murmuration

The natural world is a wonderful and amazing place. A multitude of fascinating species are found there.
Many creatures are amazing in displaying different kinds of behavior.

Social behavior in animals, birds, and insects encompasses a fascinating array of interactions between two or more individuals, typically of the same species. These interactions can take various forms, from simple aggregations to complex societies.
Creatures show astonishing adaptability and interdependence in the complex web of social interaction. Social interactions are fundamental to all forms of life on Earth, from ant colonies to human societies.

Social behavior ranges from simple attraction between individuals to life within complex societies:

Communication : Effective communication is crucial for survival and reproduction.

Division of labor : Some animals cooperate in tasks like foraging, defense, or raising offspring.

Altruism : Certain individuals sacrifice their own well-being for the benefit of others.

Few Examples of Social Animals:
Ants : They form intricate colonies with specialized roles (workers, soldiers, queens).
Honeybees : Their hive structure involves cooperation in foraging, nursing, and defending.
Wolves : They exhibit pack dynamics, cooperative hunting, and social bonding.
Meerkats : These small mammals live in tight-knit groups, sharing responsibilities.
Elephants : Their family units show strong social bonds and care for young.
Dolphins : They communicate, hunt, and play together in pods.
Humans : Our complex societies involve cooperation, communication, and cultural norms.

The Starling Bird

The starling is a small to medium-sized bird (typically ranging from 18 to 23 cm in length) belonging to the family Sturnidae (Kingdom: Animalia). There are numerous species of starlings, and they are found in various parts of the world, with notable examples including the European Starling in Europe and the Common Starling in Asia. Starlings are known for their distinctive plumage, often featuring glossy feathers with iridescent qualities.

European Starling (Sturnus vulgaris): Found in Europe, Asia, and North America.
Common Starling (Sturnus vulgaris): Native to Eurasia and introduced to various regions worldwide.

Starlings are highly adaptable and can be found in various habitats, including urban areas, agricultural landscapes, grasslands, woodlands, and wetlands.

Starlings are omnivores and feed on a wide range of food items, including insects, fruits, seeds, and human-provided food
in urban areas.

These birds are highly social and are often seen in large flocks, creating intricate and synchronized aerial displays known as murmurations. They are also skilled mimics and can imitate a wide range of sounds, including human speech.
While starlings can be appreciated for their intelligence and adaptability, they are sometimes considered pests due to their large numbers and the impact they can have on agriculture. Nonetheless, their remarkable behaviors and vocal abilities make
them interesting subjects for birdwatchers and researchers alike.

The combination of their mesmerizing murmurations, iridescent plumage, adaptability, vocal mimicry, and other unique traits makes starlings interesting and distinct in the avian world.


One of the most spectacular and unique behaviors of starlings is their ability to form large flocks that move in coordinated patterns, creating mesmerizing displays known as murmurations. These displays involve thousands of birds flying in intricate formations, creating fluid and dynamic shapes in the sky.

Key features of starling Murmurations

Group Dynamics: Starlings are highly social birds, and their murmurations showcase their ability to move in harmony as a cohesive group.

Aerial Displays: The flock performs complex aerial displays, creating shapes and patterns that can change rapidly. The synchronized movements are thought to be a way for the flock to avoid predators, share information about food sources, and stay connected with the group.

Mesmerizing Patterns: The patterns formed during murmurations can be breathtaking, with the birds moving in fluid, dynamic shapes that can appear like swirling clouds, undulating waves, or other mesmerizing formations.

Communication: Murmurations are believed to involve communication between individual birds within the flock. The rapid,
coordinated movements may help the birds respond collectively to external stimuli, such as the presence of predators.

Seasonal Behavior: Starling murmurations are often more common during the autumn and winter months, especially during
the birds’ migration periods. Large flocks gather, and their synchronized flights become a captivating natural spectacle.
The exact reasons behind starling murmurations are not fully understood, but they are thought to serve various purposes related to safety, communication, and social bonding within the flock.

The sight of a starling murmuration is a striking example of the wonders of collective behavior in the animal kingdom.


No. – 190, Date: 4th Feb. 2024
Theme: Online transactions and off-line relationships”

People living in cities have their own issues and challenges in managing home, work, family and social relationships, sports, entertainment, etc.

Most people (generally young, high- and middle-class) avail goods and services through online platforms not only to manage time but also for many other reasons.

Popularity of online shopping and digital service transactions are increasing now a days.

Some of key advantages of online shopping are

Online shopping provides unparalleled convenience. Consumers can browse and make purchases from the comfort of their homes, offices, and during travel, 24/7, without the constraints of traditional store hours.

Wide Variety of Options:
Online platforms offer a vast array of products and services from different sellers and providers. This variety allows consumers to explore numerous options, compare prices, and find unique or niche items that may not be readily available locally.

Time Savings:
Online shopping saves time that would otherwise be spent commuting to physical stores, navigating through aisles, and waiting in queues. Transactions can be completed quickly, streamlining the overall shopping process.

Cost Savings:
Online shopping often results in cost savings for consumers. E-commerce platforms may offer discounts, promotions, and the ability to compare prices easily, allowing shoppers to find the best deals.

Online shopping transcends geographical limitations. Consumers can access goods and services from around the world, overcoming barriers related to location, making it especially beneficial for individuals in remote areas.

Home Delivery:
The convenience of home delivery is a significant benefit of online shopping. Consumers can have their purchases delivered directly to their doorstep, saving them the hassle of transportation and carrying heavy items.

Other benefits / advantages are User Reviews and Ratings, Ease of Comparison, Customization and Personalization, Efficient Transaction Process, Flexibility, Digital Coupons and Discounts.

While doing online shopping for goods and services for the above benefits, a few people (not all) lost contact or relationships with their neighbors.

Neighbors provide much help and support, which online platforms cannot provide.

Some of these are:

Community Support:

A strong relationship with neighbors fosters a sense of community. In times of need or emergencies, neighbors can provide essential support, whether it’s helping with childcare, lending tools, or offering assistance during challenging situations.

Safety and Security:

Neighbors who know and trust each other are more likely to look out for one another. They can keep an eye on each other’s homes, report suspicious activities, and collaborate to enhance the overall safety and security of the neighborhood.

Social Connection:

Building relationships with neighbors provides an opportunity for social interaction. This social connection contributes to a positive living environment and can combat feelings of isolation or loneliness.

Resource Sharing:

Neighbors can share resources, such as garden tools, appliances, or even skills. This can be cost-effective and environmentally friendly, promoting a sense of shared responsibility and sustainability.

Problem Resolution:

Positive relationships with neighbors make it easier to address and resolve conflicts or misunderstandings. Open communication allows for the peaceful resolution of issues before they escalate.

Community Events and Activities:

Knowing your neighbors facilitates the organization of community events and activities. This can range from neighborhood clean-up initiatives to social gatherings, contributing to a vibrant and engaged community.

Childhood Development:

Children benefit from a supportive neighborhood environment. Playdates, shared supervision, and a network of adults looking out for each other’s children contribute to a safe and enriching childhood experience.

Crisis Response:

In times of natural disasters or other crises, neighbors can provide crucial assistance and support. Knowing each other beforehand makes it easier to coordinate efforts and provide aid when needed.

Cultural Exchange:

Living in a diverse community allows for cultural exchange and learning. Building relationships with neighbors from different backgrounds can foster understanding and tolerance, enriching the overall community experience.

While living in cities, one cannot totally avoid availing goods and services from online platforms.

Simultaneously building and maintaining positive, mutually beneficial relationships with neighbors, friends, colleagues, and well-wishers is crucial for their own and family requirements, support, safety, health, entertainment, and well-being.


No. – 189, Date: 28th Jan. 2024
Theme: Field Marshal Sam Manekshaw

Sam Hormusji Framji Jamshedji Manekshaw born on 3 April 1914 in Amritsar, Punjab, also known as Sam Bahadur (“Sam the Brave”), His active military career spanned four decades and five wars, beginning with service in World War II.

Field Marshal Sam Manekshaw was the first Indian Army officer to be promoted to the rank of field marshal. He was the Chief of the Army Staff during the Indo-Pakistani War of 1971, which resulted in the creation of Bangladesh. He was also a veteran of World War II and other conflicts with Pakistan and China. He was known for his courage, leadership, and wit. He was awarded the Padma Vibhushan, Padma Bhushan, and Military Cross among other honors. He died in 2008 at the age of 94.

Field Marshal Sam Manekshaw had a remarkable life that spanned many significant events in Indian history.

Manekshaw joined the first intake of the Indian Military Academy, Dehradun, in 1932.

He joined the British Indian Army in 1932 and was commissioned into the 12th Frontier Force Regiment in 1935.

He fought in World War II and was severely wounded in the Burma campaign. He was awarded the Military Cross for his gallantry.

He was reassigned to the 8th Gorkha Rifles after the partition of India in 1947. He played a vital role in the merger of Hyderabad to India and the 1947 Indo-Pakistani War.

He became the 7th Chief of the Army Staff in 1969 and led India to a decisive victory in the 1971 Indo-Pakistani War, which resulted in the creation of Bangladesh.

He was promoted to the rank of field marshal in 1973, becoming the first Indian Army officer to achieve this honor.

He retired from the army in 1973 and settled down in Coonoor, Tamil Nadu with his wife Siloo. He died in 2008 at the age of 94.

Field Marshal Sam Manekshaw was a remarkable leader who possessed many admirable qualities. Some of them are:

Courage: He displayed exceptional bravery and valor in various wars, especially in World War II, where he was severely wounded but refused to give up. He was awarded the Military Cross for his gallantry.

Wisdom: He had a keen understanding of military strategy and tactics, and was able to plan and execute successful operations in challenging situations. He was also a visionary who foresaw the potential of nuclear fusion as a source of energy.

Charisma: He was a charismatic leader who inspired his troops with his confidence, wit, and humor. He was also respected and admired by his peers and superiors, as well as by the political leaders and the public.

Integrity: He was a man of principle and honesty, who upheld the highest standards of ethics and professionalism. He was loyal to his country and his duty, and never compromised on his values.

Resilience: He was a resilient leader who faced many challenges and difficulties in his career, but never gave up or lost hope. He was able to overcome adversity and bounce back stronger.

Few Quotes of Field Marshal Sam Manekshaw

“If a man says he is not afraid of dying, he is either lying or is a Gurkha.”

“I wonder whether those of our political masters who have been put in charge of the defence of the country can distinguish a mortar from a motor; a gun from a howitzer; a guerrilla from a gorilla, although a great many resemble the latter.”

You should have to fight and fight to win. There is no room for the losers. If you lose, don’t come back. You will have disgraced the country, and the country won’t accept you.”²

A ‘Yes man’ is a dangerous man. He is a menace. He will go very far. He can become a minister, a secretary, or a Field Marshal, but he can never become a leader nor ever be respected.”

“Unless you know, and the men you command know that you know your job, you will never be a leader.”

Professional knowledge and professional competence are the main attributes of leadership.”

What is Moral Courage? It is the ability to distinguish right from wrong and having so distinguished it, be prepared to say so, irrespective of the views held by your superiors or subordinates and of consequences to yourself.”

“Give me a man or a woman with common sense and who is not an idiot, and I assure you I can make a leader out of him or her.”

Field Marshal Sam Manekshaw was a great leader and a hero of India. His life and career offer many valuable lessons for anyone who aspires to be a leader.
Some of the lessons learned from his life are:

Connect with your team: Sam Manekshaw had a strong bond with his troops, and he cared for their well-being. He also communicated with them effectively and motivated them with his humor and confidence. Leaders should build genuine relationships with their team members, and show them respect and empathy.

Lead by example: Sam Manekshaw demonstrated courage, integrity, and professionalism in his actions. He never asked his soldiers to do something that he would not do himself. He also prioritized his team’s safety over his own glory. Leaders should set a high standard for themselves and their team, and act in accordance with their values and vision.

Innovate and adapt: Sam Manekshaw was a master of strategy and tactics, and he was able to devise creative and effective solutions for various challenges. He was also flexible and adaptable to changing situations and circumstances. Leaders should embrace innovation and change, and be open to new ideas and perspectives.

Take responsibility and accountability: Sam Manekshaw took full responsibility for his decisions and actions, and he did not shy away from admitting his mistakes or failures. He also held himself and his team accountable for their performance and results. Leaders should own their choices and consequences, and learn from their experiences.

Be resilient and persistent: Sam Manekshaw faced many difficulties and obstacles in his career, but he never gave up or lost hope. He was able to overcome adversity and bounce back stronger. He also had a positive attitude and a sense of humor that helped him cope with stress and challenges. Leaders should be resilient and persistent in pursuing their goals, and maintain a positive outlook and a sense of humor.


No. – 188, Date: 21st Jan. 2024
Theme: Mobile Mania (Smartphone Addiction)

Mobile mania” refers to the widespread and intense use of smartphones, reflecting society’s increasing reliance and obsession with these devices. It is driven by advanced features like internet connectivity, diverse applications, multimedia capabilities, and portability. People utilize smartphones for communication, entertainment, online activities, and more. While enhancing convenience and connectivity, “mobile mania” has potential downsides, including excessive screen time, device addiction, distraction, attention deficit, and impacts on face-to-face social interactions, physical and mental health.

Benefits of using Smartphone

Smartphones are one of the human inventions that have wider use and applicability, which revolutionized the modern world.
Smartphones have improved communications through various channels such as phone calling, texting, email, voice and video calling, and social networking sites. *Smartphones offer convenience with their portable size and ability to sync with other devices. Smartphones bring the world closer through access to live updates and the ability to share Wi-Fi networks. Smartphones provide entertainment through games, music, and movies.

Some of the specific use of Smartphones are :


Instant Communication: Smartphones enable instant communication through calls, text messages, and various messaging apps, facilitating quick and efficient exchange of information.

Information Access:

Internet Browsing:
Smartphones provide access to the internet, allowing users to search for information, news, and updates on the go.

Educational Resources
They serve as a valuable tool for accessing educational materials, online courses, and research resources.

Email and Calendar: Smartphones help manage work and personal schedules through email and calendar apps, enhancing productivity.

Task Management:
Various productivity apps assist in organizing tasks, notes, and reminders.
Smartphones streamline daily activities such as scheduling appointments, setting reminders, managing to-do lists, and accessing important information quickly.

Multimedia Entertainment:

Music and Video Streaming:
Smartphones serve as portable media players, allowing users to stream music and videos from various platforms.
Gaming: A wide range of games and gaming apps provide entertainment options for users of all ages.

Photography and Videography:
High-Quality Cameras: Most smartphones come equipped with high-quality cameras, making it convenient for users to capture photos and videos.
Editing Tools: Built-in or downloadable photo and video editing apps enhance creativity and allow users to personalize their content.

Navigation: GPS and Maps:

Smartphones provide accurate navigation through GPS technology, helping users find locations, get directions, and plan routes. Apps in the Smartphones made Taxi (Ola . Uber etc.) booking easier.
Smartphone GPS technology has replaced traditional maps and guidebooks, making it easier for individuals to navigate unfamiliar places and discover new destinations.

Social Connectivity:

Social Media: Smartphones enable users to stay connected with friends and family through various social media platforms.
Video Calls: Video calling apps facilitate face-to-face communication, bridging distances between individuals.

Online Shopping:
Users can browse and shop online through e-commerce apps, making purchases from the convenience of their smartphones.
Mobile shopping apps have revolutionized the way people shop, making it easier to compare prices, read reviews, and make purchases anytime and anywhere.

Digital Payments:
Smartphones support digital payment methods (UPI, mobile banking) reducing the need for physical cash transactions.
Smartphones have made banking more accessible and convenient for users, allowing them to manage their finances on the go.

Health and Fitness:
Fitness Tracking: Built-in sensors or dedicated apps help monitor physical activity, track steps, and manage fitness goals.

Health Apps: Various health-related apps provide information on wellness, nutrition, and medical resources.

Customization and Personalization:
App Ecosystem: Users can personalize their smartphones by choosing from a vast array of apps to meet their specific needs and preferences.
Themes and Widgets: Customization options allow users to personalize the appearance and functionality of their device.

Negative impact of excessive smartphone use

There are concerns about privacy and security when using smartphone applications. Many Apps collect personal data such as location and payment information, there is a risk of this information falling into the wrong hands and being used for malicious purposes. For example, a ride-sharing app or online payment app being hacked and the personal information of users being accessed by cybercriminals. This could potentially lead to identity theft or financial loss for the users, highlighting the need for robust security measures to protect sensitive data in smartphone applications.

Excessive use of smartphones can have both physical and mental health impacts.

Physical Health Impacts:

Eye Strain and Discomfort:

Prolonged screen time can lead to eye strain, dryness, and discomfort, known as computer vision syndrome or digital eye strain.

Text Neck and Posture Issues:

Constantly looking down at the phone can contribute to neck and spine problems, leading to issues such as text neck or poor posture.

Sleep Disruption:

The blue light emitted by smartphone screens can interfere with the production of melatonin, affecting sleep quality and contributing to insomnia.

Repetitive Strain Injuries:

Excessive typing and swiping on smartphones can lead to repetitive strain injuries, affecting the fingers, wrists, and hands.

Radiation Concerns:
While the evidence is inconclusive, some studies have explored potential health risks associated with long-term exposure to radiofrequency radiation emitted by smartphones.

Mental Health Impacts:

Digital Addiction:

Excessive smartphone use can contribute to digital addiction, characterized by an overwhelming preoccupation with the device to the detriment of other aspects of life.

Anxiety and Stress:

Constant connectivity and notifications can contribute to heightened levels of stress and anxiety as individuals feel the pressure to respond promptly.

Sleep Disruption:

Besides the physical impact on sleep, the constant accessibility of smartphones can contribute to a fear of missing out (FOMO), leading to disrupted sleep patterns.

Depression and Social Isolation:

Excessive use of social media on smartphones has been linked to feelings of inadequacy, social comparison, and even depression.

Reduced Face-to-Face Interaction:

Overreliance on digital communication may lead to reduced face-to-face interactions, potentially impacting the development of meaningful relationships.

Impaired Cognitive Function:

Constant multitasking and information overload from smartphones can contribute to cognitive fatigue and decreased attention span.

Nomophobia (Fear of Being Without a Phone):
Some individuals may develop anxiety or distress when separated from their smartphones, a phenomenon known as nomophobia.


The use of smartphones for social interaction can expose individuals to cyberbullying, which can have severe psychological consequences.

Healthy Smartphone Use:

We cannot totally avoid the use of smartphones in the present condition, but we can follow certain things, i.e.

Set Boundaries:

Establish specific time limits for smartphone use and adhere to them.
Use built-in phone features or apps to track your screen time and set daily limits.

Create phone-free zones:

Designate specific areas in your home where phones are not allowed, such as the bedroom or dinner table.

Use WhatsApp in your Laptop / Desktop

Digital Detox:

Take regular breaks from the smartphone, especially during meals and before bedtime.
Avoid smartphone use before bedtime to promote better sleep hygiene.

Notification Management:

Turn off non-essential notifications to reduce the constant urge to check the phone.

Prioritize Real-World Interaction:

Make an effort to engage in face-to-face interactions friends and family to combat feelings of loneliness and isolation and build real-world connections.

Mindful Usage:

Be mindful of your smartphone use and strive for a healthy balance between online and offline activities.
Make sure to get regular physical exercise to counteract the negative physical effects of phone use.

Seek Support:

If smartphone use is causing significant distress or interference in daily life, consider seeking help from friends, colleagues, parents and even medical professionals.

Health and well-being should always be given priority over the use of smartphones.

Bishnu 🙏

No. – 187, Date: 14th Jan. 2024
Theme: Trees and Seed Dispersal

Trees are the silent heroes of our planet, offering a multitude of benefits that sustain life and make Earth a more beautiful and livable place.

Benefit of Trees
Trees contribute significantly through various economic benefits. They are integral to the food chain, providing fruits, nuts, and other edible products for humans and animals. In agriculture, trees offer soil fertility, pollination services, and pest control. Trees serve as a valuable resource in forestry, supplying timber, paper, and wood products. Sustainable forestry practices not only generate income and jobs but also preserve forest ecosystems. Natural areas, including forests and parks, play a role in tourism, attracting visitors and generating revenue for local communities.

Trees provide important environmental benefits, including air purification by absorbing carbon dioxide, dusts, pollutants and releasing oxygen. They play a crucial role in mitigating climate change by absorbing and storing carbon dioxide, regulating temperature, and preventing soil erosion. Trees contribute to water conservation by acting as natural sponges, reducing the risk of floods and droughts, and supporting cloud formation and rainfall through transpiration. Trees support biodiversity by providing habitat and food for a variety of animal species and creating complex ecosystems that sustain diverse forms of life.

Trees also contribute to health and well-being in various ways. Spending time in natural environments with trees has proven benefits, including stress reduction, improved mood, and enhanced cognitive function. Exposure to trees and plants can strengthen the immune system, lower the risk of chronic diseases, and encourage physical activity. In urban areas, trees not only add aesthetic value by beautifying surroundings but also improve air quality, promoting better respiratory health.

Loss of Trees

The loss of trees is due to a combination of human and natural factors. Primary causes include deforestation, where large forested areas are cleared for agriculture, logging, or infrastructure development, disrupting ecosystems. Logging, whether legal or illegal, contributes to tree loss, leading to deforestation and ecosystem degradation. Mining, Urbanization, agricultural expansion, and forest fires result in the clearing of trees, diminishing overall tree cover. Climate change poses a threat by stressing trees through altered climate patterns, making them more susceptible to diseases and pests.

Propagation of Trees

Trees propagate and increase their population through various methods, including sexual and asexual methods. Sexual reproduction involves pollination, where pollen is transferred from male reproductive organs to female reproductive organs. Fertilization occurs, leading to the formation of seeds. Fruit formation occurs after fertilization, which attracts animals and disperses seeds.

Asexual reproduction involves vegetative propagation, such as runners and stolons, rhizomes, tubers, bulbs, offsets, cuttings, layering, grafting, budding, and apomixis. These methods allow plants to develop roots and shoots, forming new, genetically identical plants. Layering involves bending a branch or stem to the ground, developing roots while still attached to the parent plant. Grafting joins a shoot from one plant onto the rootstock of another, while budding inserts a bud from one plant onto the stem of another. Apomixis is a process where seeds are produced without fertilization, producing offspring genetically identical to the parent plant.

Seed Dispersal

Seed dispersal is a vital process in the survival and growth of plant life. It helps prevent competition by scattering seeds away from their parent plant, allowing them to find new habitats and resources. This process also allows plants to escape predators and diseases, enhancing their chances of survival. Seed dispersal also promotes genetic diversity by facilitating cross-pollination between different populations, introducing new genetic variations and enhancing the overall resilience of the species. This genetic diversity makes the plant population more adaptable to changing environmental conditions and less susceptible to diseases. Seed dispersal maintains healthy ecosystems, allowing for the creation of new habitats, growth of diverse plant communities, and the survival of a healthy web of life on a healthy planet.

Seed dispersal is a fascinating one, filled with ingenious adaptations that plants have developed to spread their offspring far and wide.

Wind Dispersal

Light and fluffy: Many seeds, like those of dandelions and milkweed, have feathery appendages called pappus that catch the wind and carry them long distances. Think of them as tiny parachutes for seeds!

Wings and gliders: Maple trees have samaras, winged fruits that spin and twirl as they fall, increasing their wind dispersal range. Ash trees, on the other hand, have seeds with papery extensions that act like miniature wings.

Water Dispersal

Built to float: Coconut palms and mangroves have seeds with a tough, waterproof outer shell that allows them to bob along in rivers and oceans, potentially reaching new continents!

Hitching a ride: Some aquatic plants, like water lilies, have seeds that attach themselves to the feathers or fur of water birds, getting transported to new ponds and lakes.

Animal Dispersal
A tasty treat: Many fruits and berries are brightly colored and fragrant, attracting animals like birds and mammals who eat them and inadvertently disperse the seeds in their droppings.

Hooked on you: Burdock and cocklebur seeds have barbs or hooks that cling to animal fur or clothing, hitching a ride to new locations.

Ballistic Dispersal
Explosive fruits: Some plants, like squirting cucumbers and witch hazel, have fruits that build up internal pressure and then suddenly burst, flinging their seeds out at high speeds.

Self-launching seeds: Impatiens pods have a hinge mechanism that snaps when touched, catapulting the seeds several meters away.

Gravity Dispersal:
The simplest way: For some seeds, like acorns and apples, gravity does the job. They simply fall from the parent plant and take root nearby.

Seed Dispersal by Humans
While animals and the environment generally play the leading roles in seed dispersal, humans also contribute to it.

Unintentional Seed Dispersal:
Clothing and shoes: Tiny seeds or burrs can hitchhike on our clothes, shoes, and even furred pets, traveling long distances before being brushed off in a new location. Think cocklebur seeds clinging to your socks or burdock burrs sticking to your sweater.

Vehicles: Tires can pick up seeds and mud containing seeds, transporting them to new areas when we drive. This can be especially impactful for invasive species hitching a ride.

Travel and cargo: We unknowingly carry seeds in luggage, bags, and pockets when we travel, potentially introducing them to new environments. International trade and transport of food and agricultural products can unintentionally disperse seeds across continents.

Intentional Seed Dispersal:
Agriculture: Humans have played a major role in seed dispersal through agriculture for millennia. We select, cultivate, and transport seeds of desired plants, introducing them to new regions and altering plant communities. Consider the worldwide spread of crops like tomatoes and corn.

Gardening and landscaping: Planting trees, shrubs, and flowers in our gardens and landscapes not only beautifies our surroundings but also disperses seeds as the plants mature and reproduce.

Restoration and conservation: In ecological restoration projects, humans intentionally sow seeds of native plants to help restore degraded ecosystems and promote biodiversity.

Indirect Dispersal:
Habitat modification: Human activities like deforestation and land development can indirectly affect seed dispersal patterns by altering the landscape and disrupting animal habitats. This can lead to the decline of seed dispersers and changes in plant communities.

Climate change: Human-induced climate change is also impacting seed dispersal by altering global weather patterns and affecting animal migration routes. This can disrupt the delicate balance of dispersal processes in ecosystems.

Humans play a complex and multifaceted role in seed dispersal. While some of our actions are unintentional and can have unintended consequences, we also use our knowledge and skills to actively disperse seeds for agricultural, ecological, and aesthetic purposes. It’s important to be aware of both the positive and negative impacts of our actions on this vital process that shapes plant communities and ecosystems across the planet.

Bishnu 🙏

No. – 186, Date: 7th Jan. 2024
Theme: Achieving Goals – through WOOP technique

The new year 2024 has rolled on. Seven days have passed. Many of us have made new year resolutions (wishes, intentions, goals) to learn something, develop new skills, achieve something, make good habits, and break bad habits etc. Where we stand now, whether we are continuing our resolutions or procrastinating, like in 2023,

Research found that more than 80 percent of people could not continue their New Year resolution beyond one month. People are more likely to forget or postpone resolutions made quickly at the end of the old year or at the start of the new year.

Goals are good for setting a direction but systems are best for making progress. – James Clear

James Clear’s statement highlights the difference between goals and systems in achieving progress. Goals provide a destination or target to aim for, while systems are the processes or habits that enable consistent progress towards that goal. Two examples to illustrate the distinction:

Losing 20 Kgs: This is a specific goal. You set the target weight you want to achieve.
Writing a book: Another clear goal. You aim to complete a book within a certain time frame.

Exercise Routine: Instead of focusing solely on the goal of losing 20 Kgs, implementing a regular exercise routine becomes the system. Daily exercise habits or a workout schedule form part of this system.
Writing Habit: Rather than fixating only on completing the book, establishing a daily writing habit, like writing for an hour every morning, serves as the system that fosters progress.

There are many techniques for setting systems to achieve Goals. MOOP is a simple one.
WOOP, developed by renowned motivation researcher Gabriele Oettingen, is a powerful and evidence-based tool for turning your wishes into reality. WOOP stands for Wish, Outcome, Obstacle, Plan, and takes one through a simple yet effective mental process to bridge the gap between dreaming and doing.

How WOOP works:

  1. Wish: Begin by identifying a genuine wish you hold, something you truly desire to achieve. Be specific and focus on what matters deeply to you, rather than external pressures or fleeting fancies.
  2. Outcome: Imagine the best possible outcome of your wish being fulfilled. Immerse yourself in the positive emotions and vivid details of how you’d feel and what life would be like with your wish realized.
  3. Obstacle: Now, shift gears and identify the most likely internal obstacle that could stand in your way. This could be procrastination, self-doubt, lack of time, or any internal hurdle that could impede your progress.
  4. Plan: Finally, formulate a concrete plan to overcome the obstacle. This plan should be specific, actionable, and tailored to the identified obstacle. Break down complex steps into smaller, manageable actions and envision yourself carrying them out successfully.

By working through these four steps, WOOP empowers you to move beyond wishful thinking and actively prepare for what it takes to make your dreams a reality. Here’s why it’s effective:

  • Confronting obstacles: Recognizing internal hurdles upfront makes them less likely to derail you later. By proactively planning to overcome them, you build confidence and resilience.
  • Specificity and action: WOOP’s focus on specifics and actionable plans prevents vagueness and procrastination. It translates your abstract dreams into concrete steps you can take immediately.
  • Mental rehearsal: Imagining both the desired outcome and potential obstacles enhances your motivation and prepares you mentally for challenges.

WOOP has been extensively researched and proven effective in diverse areas like weight loss, academic success, career advancement, and overcoming personal challenges. It’s a simple yet powerful tool that can help you bridge the gap between where you are and where you want to be.

Some additional resources to learn more about WOOP:

  • Website:
  • Book: Rethinking Positive Thinking: Inside the New Science of Motivation by Gabriele Oettingen
  • Mindful Ambition blog:


No.– 185, Date: 31st Dec. 2023
Theme: Theme: Health for All & Happy New Year 2024

Today is the last day of the year 2023. We are reflecting back on various achievements as well as issues and challenges we faced in the year 2023. There are lots of reviews on national and global affairs, from the economy to politics to health to sport to entertainment to war to natural calamities.

I would like to highlight issues of health, both in the personal and public domains.

While personal health focuses on individual wellness and choices, public health aims to create conditions and systems that support and promote the health of entire populations. Personal health contributes to the overall health of a community, and public health initiatives can influence and support individual health behaviors and outcomes, demonstrating their interconnectedness.

Personal health and public health are interconnected but focus on different scopes and levels of health care and well-being.

Personal health refers to an individual’s state of well-being, encompassing their physical, mental, and social health. It concentrates on the health behaviors, choices, and conditions of a single person.
Public health concentrates on the health of entire populations or communities, aiming to prevent diseases, promote healthy behaviors, and create conditions that foster good health for everyone. It focuses on broader health outcomes at the community, regional, or global level.

Personal Health: Focuses on an individual’s lifestyle choices, habits, and access to healthcare services to maintain and improve their own health.
Public Health: Focuses on disease prevention, health promotion, policy development, and interventions designed to benefit the health of larger groups, societies, or populations.

Personal Health: emphasizes self-care, individual responsibility, and personal choices such as diet, exercise, stress management, and healthcare-seeking behaviors.
Public health involves a collective approach, utilizing research, policy development, community engagement, and interventions to improve the health of populations, often targeting specific health concerns or risk factors.

Personal health directly affects an individual’s own well-being and quality of life.
Public health aims to improve the overall health of communities, which can indirectly impact individuals’ health by creating healthier environments and reducing the prevalence of diseases or health risks.

Collaboration for better Public Health

Collaboration in public health is crucial because it leverages collective expertise, resources, and perspectives to tackle complex health challenges, promote innovation, and create sustainable solutions that can positively impact the health and well-being of communities and populations.

Complexity of Health Issues: Public health issues are multifaceted and complex, often involving various factors such as social determinants, environmental influences, behavioral patterns, and access to healthcare. Collaboration allows experts from different fields (medicine, sociology, environmental science, policy-making, etc.) to pool their knowledge and resources to address these complexities effectively.

Resource Optimization: Collaboration enables the pooling of resources, whether they’re financial, technological, or human. Collaboration among organizations, governments, and agencies optimizes their efforts, avoids duplication of work, and ensures efficient use of resources.

Holistic Approach: Public health problems often require a holistic approach that addresses various aspects of well-being. Collaborating across different sectors, such as healthcare, education, social services, and policymaking, allows for a comprehensive strategy that tackles the root causes of health issues.

Innovation and Expertise: Collaboration fosters innovation by bringing together diverse perspectives and expertise. It encourages the sharing of ideas, research findings, and best practices, leading to the development of more effective interventions and solutions.

Global Health Challenges: Many health challenges, such as pandemics, infectious diseases, and environmental issues, transcend national borders. By collaborating on a global scale, we can ensure a coordinated response to these challenges, leaving no region vulnerable to health threats.

Community Engagement: Collaboration involves engaging communities in the decision-making process and implementation of health initiatives. This participation fosters trust, empowers communities, and ensures that interventions are culturally sensitive and meet the actual needs of the people.

Policy Development and Implementation: Collaborative efforts among policymakers, healthcare professionals, researchers, and community leaders are crucial for developing and implementing effective health policies that benefit entire populations.

Dr. Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, Director-General of the World Health Organization (WHO),’s message on good health

Health for All: He emphasizes the importance of universal health coverage, ensuring that everyone has access to quality healthcare regardless of their socioeconomic status or location.

Primary Health Care: He advocates for strengthening primary healthcare systems as the foundation for strong health systems. This involves making essential services like vaccinations, prenatal care, and chronic disease management readily available in communities.

Equity: He promotes health equity, meaning everyone should have the opportunity to achieve their full health potential, regardless of their background or circumstances. He highlights the need to address social and economic determinants of health to achieve this goal.

Sustainable Development: He recognizes the link between health and sustainable development, emphasizing the importance of addressing climate change, air pollution, and other environmental factors that impact health.

Preparedness and Response: He advocates for strengthening global preparedness and response to epidemics and other health emergencies. This includes improving surveillance systems, developing new vaccines and treatments, and enhancing coordination among countries.

Dr. Tedros’s message on good health is one of inclusivity, accessibility, and resilience. He strives to create a world where everyone can live a healthy and productive life.

The World Health Organization (WHO) promotes a holistic approach to better health with guidelines spanning various aspects of life. Some key practices highlighted by WHO for enhancing well-being:

Embrace Physical Activity: Aim for at least 150-300 minutes of moderate-intensity aerobic activity (brisk walking, cycling) or 75-150 minutes of vigorous-intensity activity (running, swimming) per week. Even small bursts of activity throughout the day count!

Nourish Your Body with Healthy Eating: Follow the WHO recommendations for a balanced diet, rich in fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and lean protein. Limit saturated and trans fats, added sugars, and salt. Practice mindful eating and enjoy your meals!

Prioritize Mental Well-being: Manage stress through activities like meditation, yoga, or spending time in nature. Seek help if needed for conditions like anxiety or depression. Practice good sleep hygiene, aiming for 7-8 hours of quality sleep nightly.

Reduce Harmful Substances: Avoid tobacco and limit alcohol consumption to moderate levels. Be aware of your environmental exposures and try to minimize air pollution and other toxins.

Practice Safe Sex and Stay Vaccinated: Protect yourself from sexually transmitted infections and adhere to recommended vaccination schedules to prevent infectious diseases.

Engage with Your Community: Building strong social connections is crucial for mental and physical well-being. Participate in community activities, volunteer, and nurture positive relationships.

Advocate for Healthier Environments: Support policies and initiatives that promote clean air, safe water, and access to healthy food and physical activity opportunities.


  • Consult your doctor for personalized guidance based on your health status and individual needs.
  • Start small and gradually incorporate healthier habits into your routine.
  • Every step counts, and celebrating small wins can keep you motivated on your journey to better health.

Here are some helpful resources from WHO:

  • WHO Guidelines:
  • Health Promotion:
  • Healthy Settings:
  • Every Move Counts:

Let’s promote better Health, Equity, Peace, Sustainable Environment and Development in the world.

Wishing a Healthy and Happy New Year – 2024 to all.

Bishnu 🙏

No.-184, Date: 24th Dec. 2023
Theme: ⛪ Merry Christmas – 2023 🎄

Christmas is a festival, celebrated in the remembrance of the birth of a Saviour Lord Jesus Christ (the date is marked to remember Jesus’ birth because the Bible doesn’t mention any date in particular). His birth, life and death is well recorded.

The core reason behind celebrating Christmas is to thank God for the birth of Jesus. The festival shows how the Giver (God) Himself became the Gift (Jesus) and came down to the earth to save mankind (made by God Himself, in the image and likeness of God), to those who believe in the life and works of Jesus Christ.

It also shows the level of obedience on the part of Mary (Jesus’ Mother, a virgin ) in giving up her body and social status for the fulfillment of prophecy written 700 years before Jesus’ birth)
All right then, the Lord himself will give you the sign. Look! The virgin will conceive a child! She will give birth to a son and will call him Immanuel (which means ‘God is with us’) – Isaiah 7:14″

The season also promotes love, unity, and reflection, encouraging appreciation of diverse cultures and exchanging joy worldwide. Christmas symbolizes humanity’s best—love, compassion, and giving.

Christmas is celebrated worldwide on 25th December every year.

Christmas Eve, or December 24th, is a day of celebration and preparations for the Christmas. It is a significant day in Christian tradition, marking the evening before Jesus’ birth, and is often marked by special church services. Families decorate their homes, set up Christmas trees, and arrange festive ornaments. Last-minute shopping is common, with people preparing for the big feast on Christmas Day. Baking and cooking are common activities, and families often gather for a special meal or exchange gifts. Christmas Eve also marks the start of various cultural traditions, such as lighting Advent candles, opening gifts, and participating in unique rituals. Children may hang stockings or leave treats for Santa Claus, creating an atmosphere of excitement and anticipation. For some, Christmas Eve is a time for quiet reflection, prayer, or gratitude, setting the tone for the spiritual aspects of the holiday.

The message of Christmas:

Faith and Celebration: For Christians, Christmas is a celebration of faith, commemorating the birth of Jesus Christ. It’s a time to rejoice in the spiritual significance of Christ’s arrival and to reflect on the teachings of love, forgiveness, and peace.

Love and Compassion: Christmas embodies the spirit of love and compassion, symbolized by the idea of God’s love for humanity as expressed through the birth of Jesus. It’s a time to extend kindness, understanding, and empathy towards others.

Hope and Renewal: The birth of Jesus is often associated with hope and renewal. It signifies the promise of new beginnings, a chance for redemption, and the possibility of positive change in our lives and the world.

Generosity and Giving: Christmas encourages a spirit of generosity and giving. It’s a time when people focus on sharing with others, whether through gifts, time spent together, or acts of charity towards those in need.

Unity and Togetherness: The holiday emphasizes the importance of unity and togetherness. It’s a time for families, communities, and even strangers to come together, transcending differences and fostering a sense of belonging and unity.

To conclude, Christmas is a religious celebration and it is also a time of joy, hope, and the spirit of giving. In its core itself, Christmas promotes values that encourage hope, goodwill, kindness, and a sense of community, spreading messages of joy and peace.

🌲Merry Christmas – 2023 wishes to All.🎄

Bishnu 🙏 🎅

No.-183, Date: 17th Dec. 2023
Theme: Millets – The Indian Superfoods

United Nations (UN) has declared the year 2023 as International Year of Millets 2023 (IYM). India and many countries, organizations are celebrating and promoting Millets.

According to FAO “Millets encompass a diverse group of cereals including Finger (Ragi), Pearl (Bajra), Little (Kutki), Foxtail (Kangni), Proso, Barnyard, Kodo, Browntop, and Guinea millets, as well as fonio, sorghum (or great millet) and teff. They are an important source of nourishment for millions of people in sub-Saharan Africa and Asia. They are deeply rooted in Indigenous Peoples’ culture and traditions and help guarantee food security in areas where they are culturally relevant.”

“Millets are incredible ancestral crops with high nutritional value. Millets can play an important role and contribute to our collective efforts to empower smallholder farmers, achieve sustainable development, eliminate hunger, adapt to climate change, promote biodiversity, and transform agrifood systems,” FAO Director-General QU Dongyu.

Millets, cultivated in arid and semi-arid regions, are nutrient-dense small-seed cereals known as Nutri-cereals. Their cultivation requires less water and inputs while showcasing resilience to climate conditions. These superfoods pack a nutritional punch, containing carbohydrates, protein, dietary fiber, healthy fats, and an abundance of minerals like calcium, potassium, iron, and zinc, along with various B vitamins. Rich in dietary fiber, millets aid digestion, prevent constipation, and being gluten-free, they’re beneficial for individuals with celiac disease. Additionally, millets are high in antioxidants, guarding cells against free radicals, and their low glycemic index supports diabetes management. Recent studies indicate their potential in reducing the risk of cardiovascular diseases.

India is a significant producer of nine traditional millets, including Sorghum, Pearl Millet, Finger Millet, Foxtail Millet, and others. With a production of around 173 lakh tonnes, India contributes 80% of Asia’s and 20% of the global millet production, as per FAO Stat 2021. It stands among the top 5 millet exporters globally, experiencing a consistent 3% annual growth in exports over the last 5 years. Millets in India not only offer nutritional value but also ensure food and fodder security for dry land agricultural communities. These crops are vital for small farmers due to their resilience and adaptability to harsh, hot, and drought-prone environments, making them a secure option in challenging conditions.

Millets, traditional Indian superfoods, offer numerous health benefits:

Nutrient-Rich: Millets, like finger millet (ragi), are rich in nutrients such as calcium, iron, magnesium, and fiber. These nutrients are essential for bone health, energy production, and maintaining healthy digestion.

Gluten-Free: Millets are naturally gluten-free, making them an excellent alternative for people with gluten sensitivities or celiac disease.

Blood Sugar Regulation: Millets have a low glycemic index, which means they release sugar into the bloodstream slowly. This property helps regulate blood sugar levels and may reduce the risk of type 2 diabetes.

Heart Health: The high fiber content in millets, along with compounds like magnesium, may contribute to heart health by reducing cholesterol levels and blood pressure.

Weight Management: Millets are filling due to their fiber content, helping to keep you satiated for longer periods and aiding in weight management by reducing overeating.

Improved Digestion: The fiber in millets supports healthy digestion, prevents constipation, and promotes a healthy gut microbiome, supporting overall digestive health.

Rich in Antioxidants: Some millets, like finger millet (ragi), contain antioxidants that combat oxidative stress, protecting cells from damage caused by free radicals.

Supports Skin and Hair Health: The nutrients present in millets, such as iron and amino acids, contribute to healthy skin and hair growth.

Versatility: Millets can be used in various dishes, from porridges and flatbreads to savory dishes and baked goods, making them a versatile ingredient for diverse culinary options.

Sustainable Crop: Millets are resilient crops that require less water and can grow in diverse environmental conditions, making them environmentally friendly and sustainable.

Odisha has done remarkable work on Millets through its Odisha Millet Mission and benefited more than 2.5 Lakh farmers with value-chain and convergence interventions in last four years.

Greater millet production can support the livelihoods of smallholder farmers and can provide decent jobs for women and youth. The revenue created can boost economic growth. With the possibility of a health cereal alternative with millets, the risks associated with production shocks can be mitigated.


No.-182, Date: 10th Dec. 2023
Theme: Workweek – Working Hours

Months after suggesting that youngsters in India must work for at least 70 hours a week, Infosys co-founder Narayana Murthy has said he himself had put in the hours when setting up his company in 1981. In an interview to The Economic Times (published on 9th Dec. 2023), Murthy said till 1994, he worked over 85 to 90 hours a week.
Infosys co-founder Narayana Murthy

I used to be in the office at 6:20 am and leave office at 8:30 pm and worked six days a week,” he told ET in the interview. “I know every nation that became prosperous did so through hard work.”

He said his parent taught him that the only way to escape poverty was to work “very, very hard”. He, however, added that this is when one gets the productivity from each work hour.

“During my entire 40-plus years of professional life, I worked 70 hours a week,” he reiterated. “When we had a six-day week – till 1994 – I used to work at least 85 to 90 hours a week. That has not been a waste.”

Earlier, in a conversation with Infosys former CFO Mohandas Pai in October, Murthy said India needs to boost work productivity if it wishes to compete with the fastest-growing countries like China and Japan.
Murthy made the remarks while appearing on the first episode of 3one4 Capital’s podcast ‘The Record’.

Much value (concept in totality) is attached to 70 hours workweek statement of inspiring Narayan Murthy.
But it divided opinions of citizen in the internet.

Few people supported Narayan Murthy’s view of a 70-hour workweek. But many people, i.e., mostly the younger generation, do not believe and also do not have the habit of working 12 long hours every day.

Arvind Panagariya, Professor, Columbia University wrote an article in Times of India (10th Nov. 2023) on it “Tell Bosses, Not Workers” (NRN’s 70-hour workweek thesis ignores the vital role of capital in labour productivity. Govts, industry leaders need to invest heavily in sectors with high employment intensity)

He wrote “Taking some liberty to paraphrase him, Murthy made three main points. First, worker productivity, meaning value added per worker, is among lowest in India and is in urgent need of improvement. Second, the surest path to raising worker productivity is a longer workweek, which in turn requires a change in work culture. To this end, our leaders, especially corporate leaders, must tell our youngsters that with the opportunity knocking on India’s door, it is time for us to work very hard. Finally, because youngsters form a significant majority of the workforce, they are critical to this transformation.”

He concluded the article “The greatest service that the corporate leaders can render is to partially reallocate their capital into sectors that employ many more workers per unit of capital than currently. Higher worker productivity and longer workweek will automatically follow.”

What should be the ideal number of working hours?

The ideal number of working hours can vary based on different factors like sector, industry, job roles, team, culture and even individual preferences.

International standard full-time work week is around 40 hours, spread across five days. Some countries or companies have experimented with shorter workweeks (such as a 4-day workweek) to improve work-life balance and potentially boost productivity.

Flexible work hours and remote work have also gained popularity, allowing employees to structure their work around their most productive hours and personal commitments.

However, many studies suggest that productivity tends to decrease after a certain number of hours. A mere physical presence in the workplace may not give the desired cognitive or creative work output or result.

Ultimately, it’s crucial for employers to prioritize a healthy work-life balance and consider the nature of the work when determining the ideal number of working hours. Productivity, employee well-being, and job satisfaction are key factors to consider in establishing the best working hours for a company.


PS: Shashi Tharoor took to X to share his thoughts on Bill Gates and Narayana Murthy’s comments on work week. In his witty style, he posted what would happen if Gates and Murthy ‘sit down together and work out a compromise’.

Bill Gates says a three-day work-week ought to be possible’. In other words, if Mr Gates and Mr Narayana Murthy sit down together and work out a compromise, we will end up exactly where we are, with a five-day work week!”

In an episode of Trevor Noah’s “What Now?”, the Microsoft co-founder said that AI (Artificial Intelligence) won’t replace humans but will free up labour. “The purpose of life is not just to do jobs. So if you eventually get a society where you only have to work three days a week or something, that’s probably OK,” Gates added.

No.-181, Date: 3rd Dec. 2023
Theme: Beyond the Himalayan Tunnel

Please watch this video … which is not being delivering through WahtsApp Braodcast List due to bigger size.

The Silkyara tunnel collapse occurred on November 12, 2023, when a portion of the under-construction Silkyara-Barkot tunnel on the Brahmkhal-Yamunotri highway in the Uttarkashi district of Uttarakhand collapsed. The collapse trapped 41 workers who were working on the tunnel project.

A massive rescue operation was launched immediately, involving the NHAI, NHIDCL, NDRF, Uttarakhand state agencies, the Indian Army, private agencies, and experts. After a 17-day ordeal, all 41 workers were rescued on November 28, 2023. It was a great rescue operation for human beings from the clutches of death, and we all are proud of it. Credit also goes to Rat-Miners for their meticulous finishing work in opening the collapsed tunnel through a pipe.

The cause of the collapse is still under investigation, but it is believed to be due to a combination of environmental factors, including unstable soil and rock conditions, and improper construction practices. The Silkyara tunnel collapse is a reminder of the dangers of tunnel construction, especially in mountainous regions. It is also a reminder of the importance of proper safety procedures and the need for thorough risk assessments before such projects are undertaken.

Human Blunders in Himalaya

The Himalayas, named from Sanskrit words meaning “abode of snow,” span around 2,500 km from the Indus Trench to the Yarlungtsangpo-Brahmaputra gorge, cutting across Afghanistan, Pakistan, India, Nepal, Bhutan, and China. This mountain range acts as a barrier between India and China, presenting diverse landscapes and climates. The Himalayas stand out as highly sensitive biodiversity hotspots, showcasing significant variations in biodiversity based on climate, environment, and altitude.

Wonder-struck by the beauty and the magnificence of the Himalaya, an ancient Sanskrit poet wrote, “In a thousand ages of the gods, I could not tell you of the glories of the Himalaya.” The snow-covered peaks, though increasingly diminishing, may still awaken the poet in us, but the barrenness of the hills below tell us the real story — that of steady environmental depredation. Today, the repeated tragedies of bridges, roads and buildings being swept by raging rivers in the hill States of Uttarakhand and Himachal Pradesh, epitomize a flawed developmental paradigm institutionalized in an eco-fragile region. Blocked roads after a landslide at Chamoli and sinking in Joshimath in Uttarakhand, road caving in Chamba in Himachal, accidents on the Char Dham routes, and deaths on the all-weather road are reports that have become everyday news from “Devbhoomi” (land of the gods).

The Himalayas face critical challenges threatening their biodiversity and environment, primarily driven by climate change, habitat loss, species decline, and human intervention, often for economic gains. As a region housing a vast concentration of glaciers beyond the polar areas, global warming has notably degraded these glaciers, leading to their melting. This has significantly disrupted freshwater flows and detrimentally impacted Himalayan biodiversity. Additionally, activities like forest exploitation for timber, deforestation for agriculture and development, and poaching for commercial purposes pose severe threats, causing habitat and species loss in the Himalayas.

In 2016, the Chardham Mahamarg Vikas Pariyojna, a massive infrastructure project of 900 kilometre of road widening to double-laning with a paved shoulder (DLPS) design of 12m was implemented in the Garhwal region and a short stretch of Kumaon in Uttarakhand. The project has claimed lakhs of trees and acres of forest land, many human and animal lives, and also the fertile topsoil of the fragile Himalaya. The tons of muck generated have choked water sources. By law, a project of more than 100 km needs environmental clearance. But ambitious projects for tourism and plans that are the result of election agendas are time bound. All laws of land are bypassed. In this case, this massive project was broken up into 53 small projects, each less than 100 km long, thus by-passing Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) requirements. (Mallika Bhanot, The Hindu)

The dense forests around Chamba, Agrakhal Maletha, Shivpuri, Rudraprayag, Chamoli, Agustmuni, Karnaprayag and Kund (all Uttarakhand) and other such lush green sites are vanishing. Amid the rapacious nature of the Chardham Mahamarg Vikas Pariyojna, only one pristine patch, i.e., the Bhagirathi Eco Sensitive Zone (BESZ), remains.

One of the most challenging issues for the Ganga’s rejuvenation is conservation of the Gangotri glacier, which is also the fastest receding glacier. With an increase in vehicular movement and episodes of forest fires, black carbon deposits (carbon plus soot) are rising on the glacier, escalating its melting. Another Standing Committee report of March 2023 on water resources says, “Black carbon absorbs more light and emits infra-red radiation that increases the temperature. Therefore, an increase in black carbon in the high Himalaya contributes to the faster melting of glaciers.” Imagine the heating rod-like effect of a 12m wide tarred road in the vicinity of this glacier.

Greed outstripping need along with manipulative political, bureaucratic and real estate lobbies is destroying the Himalayan forests and rivers and lives of local inhabitants. In the persistent debate of environment versus development of the hills, there is a very simple solution to all the chronic and acute problems that the hills face — regulation. In BESZ, the upgradation of roads to an intermediate road width, that will have minimal environmental impact, is the only possible and sustainable solution. If reducing a few metres of road width helps ensure the conservation of the only pristine stretch of the Ganga and protection of the Himalaya, then we must make sincere efforts to amend the plan. We live in times of the critical and unpredictable impact of climate change events which call for prevention and conservation.

Most importantly, no development can be sustained if it ends up destroying the main lifeline for millions of people and future generations.


No.-180, Date: 26th Nov. 2023
Theme: Judging a Person from the appearance

The adage “Do not judge a man from his appearance” emphasizes the need to see beyond surface-level impressions. In a world heavily influenced by appearances, it warns against forming opinions solely based on external attributes.

Humans are complex, layered beings, and judgments based on looks often miss the depth of character, values, and abilities. This bias can lead to overlooking profound wisdom in those not fitting societal standards and overestimating qualities in those who appear charming. History is rich with examples where those defying appearance norms made significant impacts.

Shallow judgments not only hinder personal interactions but also perpetuate stereotypes that limit societal progress. Ultimately, embracing this principle encourages empathy, understanding, and a deeper appreciation for the unique richness within every individual, urging us to seek true essence beyond what meets the eye.


No.-179, Date: 19th Nov. 2023
Theme: The Biggest stage for the Biggest match: Cricket World Cup 2023 Final

The World Cup caravan finally returns to Ahmedabad, where it commenced its journey on October 5. Today, a packed Narendra Modi Stadium will witness the summit clash between India and Australia. The host is in prime form, having notched 10 wins on the trot, including a fine victory over doughty New Zealand in the semifinal at Mumbai.^ Meanwhile, *Australia started on the wrong foot with two losses before winning eight consecutive games. With Australia having won cricket’s premier championship on five occasions, Pat Cummins and his men must live up to a hallowed legacy. Their semifinal against South Africa had the thrills associated with low-scoring humdingers at Kolkata’s Eden Gardens. The last time India and Australia clashed in a World Cup final, it was in the 2003 edition at Johannesburg in South Africa, and Ricky Ponting’s men won by 125 runs. Two decades later, Rahul Dravid, a key player involved in that iconic match, is now the Indian team’s coach. The former India captain will surely infuse pragmatism without toning down the adrenaline surge within the dressing room. Back then, Zaheer Khan got locked in a war of words with Matthew Hayden and Adam Gilchrist, lost his focus, and soon the contest nestled inside the rival’s pocket.

This time around, Dravid and captain Rohit Sharma swear by the philosophy of taking it one match at a time. World Cup finals are massive sporting engagements, where the best either find extra reserves of strength or watch their legs turn into jelly. If India sticks to its consistent methods, executed well so far in this championship, it should start as the favourite. Rohit Sharma’s ballistic starts, Shubman Gill’s poise, Virat Kohli’s prolific run, and the combined yield of Shreyas Iyer, K.L. Rahul and Suryakumar Yadav, have ensured that rivals have no relief on the field. A bowling attack helmed by Jasprit Bumrah has prised open the opposition’s top order before the spinners stepped in and strangled the middle order in the middle game. Kohli, with 711 runs, is the leading batter in this World Cup, and Mohammed Shami leads the bowlers’ pack with 23 scalps. Still, Australia will remain a combative unit, scrapping hard, never ceding an inch. Even though all its batting stars have not performed as smoothly as the Indians, Glenn Maxwell’s stunning unbeaten 201 against Afghanistan indicated at the magic and mayhem within the Australian changeroom. A fine seam attack and an effective spinner in Adam Zampa, will pose a challenge, which India has to tackle well, if it is to hold up the Cup for the third time.
(Reference The Hindu ePaper 18th Nov. 2023)

BEST wishes to the India Cricket Team for ICC world cup 2023 final cricket match today. 👍

Bishnu 🙏

No.-178, Date: 12th Nov. 2023
Theme: Happy Diwali

Diwali, also known as Deepavali, is one of the most popular and widely celebrated festivals in India. The word “Diwali” is derived from the Sanskrit word “Deepavali,” i.e. “deepa” meaning “lamp, light” and “avali” meaning “row”, a row of lights.

Diwali is typically celebrated over a period of five days, with the main day of festivities occurring on the third day. The festival usually falls in October or November, depending on the lunar calendar. The celebration involves various rituals, traditions, and activities.

It is a Hindu festival that signifies the victory of light over darkness, good over evil, and knowledge over ignorance. Diwali is not only celebrated by Hindus but is also observed by Jains, Sikhs, and some Buddhists, each with their own religious and cultural significance attached to the festival.
Diwali is important for its religious significance, cultural richness, and the positive values it promotes

Diwali is a celebration that goes beyond its religious roots, touching upon various aspects of life, culture, and community. It brings people together in the spirit of joy, positivity, and the pursuit of higher values.

Victory of Light over Darkness: Diwali symbolizes the triumph of light over darkness and good over evil. The lighting of lamps, candles, and diyas represents the dispelling of ignorance and the prevalence of knowledge.

Religious and Mythological Significance: Diwali holds religious importance for Hindus, as it is associated with various mythological events. One of the most well-known stories is the return of Lord Rama to Ayodhya after defeating the demon king Ravana. The people of Ayodhya welcomed him by lighting lamps, and this event is commemorated during Diwali.

Worship of Goddess Lakshmi: Diwali is dedicated to the worship of Goddess Lakshmi, the goddess of wealth and prosperity. Devotees seek her blessings for a prosperous and successful life. Business owners often start their financial accounts for the new year on Diwali, considering it an auspicious time.

Cleansing and Renewal: Preceding Diwali, homes are thoroughly cleaned and decorated, symbolizing the removal of impurities and negativity. It signifies a fresh start, renewal, and the ushering in of positive energy.

Cultural Unity: Diwali transcends religious boundaries and is celebrated by people from various communities and regions. It promotes cultural unity and harmony as people come together to celebrate the festival with shared traditions and festivities.

Social Bonding: Diwali is a time for families and friends to come together. The exchange of gifts, sharing of meals, and festive gatherings strengthen social bonds, fostering a sense of togetherness and community.

Economic Significance: Diwali is a crucial time for businesses as it marks the beginning of the financial year for many. The belief in the auspiciousness of starting new ventures during Diwali contributes to economic activities and business growth.

Environmental Awareness: In recent years, there has been a growing awareness of the environmental impact of Diwali celebrations, particularly with regard to the use of fireworks. This has led to increased emphasis on eco-friendly and sustainable ways of celebrating the festival.

Illuminate Your Mind Not Just Your Home
(By Swami Chinmayananda)

The Light of Consciousness in individuals illuminating all their apprehensions is ATMAN, the Self. This flaming Existence in all is dramatized by the mud pot in which we fill the oil and light the wick. Within us the wick of the mind is supported by the oil of VASANAS, unmanifest desires. The existence flutters to become one with the Elemental Fire, unmanifest, when the oil of VASANAS is over.

Remember the significance when you light the little mud pots that represent our bodies. As you stand in wonderment at the beauty of the rows of light everywhere, learn to feel elated at the light of divine consciousness that flutters in the hearts of all living beings around. Harm none; respect life everywhere and when, one by one the lights disappear, teach yourself not to weep, but to respect on how the manifested light disappears into unmanifested Fire Divine.

To enjoy prosperity, peace and joy the nation’s population must grow in their economic expansion, they must be trained and educated to live harmoniously, striving enthusiastically in all fields of productivity. Spiritual unfoldment must be subjectively gained by each one in his own inner personality. The mighty, divine individual in each one of us must, by constant effort and watchfulness, endeavor to destroy all the negative tendencies of lost, greed, selfishness, egoism, and vanity – by cultivation of the positive qualities of love, kindness, cheerfulness, understanding, mercy and compassion.

Deepavali is a day dedicated to inner purity and noble character, dedicated to the opening of our hearts. Let all misgivings be forgotten, all grievance be forgiven. Let us remind ourselves, at least on this joyous day, that we can be victorious over our impulses and come to illuminate – for the world around – the Lamp of Wisdom from the Land of Spiritual Light.

Shubha Deepavali to all.


No.-177, Date: 5th Nov. 2023
Theme: Bio Sheetal – The World’s first para female archer who shoots using her feet diversity

Sheetal, born without hands, is being feted as the world’s first para female archer who shoots using her feet. She has been labelled as a perfect role model for youngsters as she displayed raw courage and faced all her challenges in life with a determined resolve to succeed.

Sheetal Devi, a 16-year-old armless archer from Kishtwar, Jammu and Kashmir, made headlines with three medals at the Asian Para Games in Hangzhou, China.

Despite being born with underdeveloped limbs (Phocomelia), her archery journey began just two years ago. Growing up, she strengthened her upper body by climbing trees, catching the attention of scouts during an Indian Army event in 2021.
Notably, Sheetal adapted her approach after attempting a prosthetic arm. She trained at the Shri Mata Vaishno Devi Shrine Board Sports Complex, inspired by American para-athlete Matt Strutzman’s techniques.

She gradually increased her daily shots from 50 to 300 and achieved silver and gold medals in national and international competitions.

In the youth event organized by Indian army, the army coaches Abhilasha Chaudhary and Kuldeep Wadhwan noticed her confidence and decided to train her. As she was born with Phocomelia, she had no arms. So firstly the coaches decided to help her with prosthetics. But the medics said that prosthetics were not possible in her case. Here, she said that she was fond of and has expertise in climbing trees using her legs. This was a very pleasant surprise for the coaches. Now coaches had one more challenge to face, they had never trained a person for archery who has no arms. But coaches did some research about whether it was possible to train her, and eventually they came to know about Matt Stutzman , who was armless and used his legs for archery. This made coaches very confident and within 11 months of training, Sheetal Devi participated in Asian Para Games and won two gold medals for India.

Anand Mahindra (Chairman of Mahindra Group) hailed Devi’s unbeatable spirit and called her a “teacher to all”. As a token of his praise, he asked her to choose any car from the Mahindra lineup that would suit her requirements. The industrialist also vowed to never complain about petty problems in his life.

With 111 medals (Gold: 29, Silver: 31, and Bronze: 51), India has recorded its best-ever performance at the Asian Para Games. However, compared to the outpouring of emotions in the aftermath of the Asian Games medal haul—a record 107 medals for the first time in Indian history—the celebrations over the Asian Para Games success have not occurred much in our country.

Hon’ble Prime Minister Narendra D Modi interacted with India’s Asian Para Games contingent at the Major Dhyan Chand National Stadium in New Delhi on Wednesday, November 1, 2023.

You bring along new hopes and renewed enthusiasm whenever you come here,” Modi told the athletes, adding that he was not only following the developments at the Para Asian Games very closely but also living through it.

Boria Majumdar, the famous sports journalist has rightly mentioned in ET Magazine (29th Oct. 2023) that “these para-athletes should be celebrated and feted in the same manner as we do for their able-bodied counterparts. It is necessary to go beyond sympathy and convert it into empathy. It is essential that they are treated as sportspeople rather than objects of sympathy.”

All these things are necessary for us to become a better, inclusive and sensitive society.

Bishnu 🙏

No.-176, Date: 29th Oct. 2023
Theme: Biodiversity

The term “Biodiversity” is a shortened form of Biological Diversity. The term Biological Diversity was coined by Thomas Lovejoy in 1980. In 1985, Waltar G. Rosen used the contracted form “Biodiversity” in his project and writing and made it popular.

Biological diversity or biodiversity is the totality of genes, species and ecosystems of a region.

Biological diversity — or biodiversity — is the variety of life on Earth, in all its forms, from genes and bacteria to entire ecosystems such as forests or coral reefs. The biodiversity we see today is the result of 4.5 billion years of evolution, increasingly influenced by humans.

Biological diversity” means the variability among living organisms from all sources including, inter alia, terrestrial, marine and other aquatic ecosystems and the ecological complexes of which they are part; this includes diversity within species, between species and of ecosystems.

Biodiversity refers to the variety of life on Earth at all levels of organization, from genes and species to ecosystems.
It encompasses the different types of living organisms, the genetic differences among them, and the ecological complexes they form in various environments.

Biodiversity is often described in terms of three main components:

Genetic Diversity: This component focuses on the variation in the genes within a single species. Genetic diversity is essential for adaptation and evolution, as it allows species to respond to changing environmental conditions and threats, such as diseases.

Species Diversity: Species diversity refers to the number and variety of different species within a specific geographic region or ecosystem. It includes both the number of species present and their relative abundance. High species diversity is important for ecosystem stability and resilience.

Ecosystem Diversity: Ecosystem diversity considers the variety of habitats, communities, and ecological processes that occur in a given area. Different ecosystems, such as forests, wetlands, grasslands, and oceans, each have their unique characteristics and species. Ecosystem diversity plays a crucial role in supporting life on Earth and providing various ecosystem services, like clean air and water, pollination, and climate regulation.

Importance of Biodiversity

Biodiversity forms the web of life that we depend on for so many things – food, water, medicine, a stable climate, economic growth, among others. Over half of global GDP is dependent on nature. More than 1 billion (100 crores) people rely on forests for their livelihoods. And land and the ocean absorb more than half of all carbon emissions.

Biodiversity is of paramount importance for a variety of reasons, and its preservation is crucial for the well-being of ecosystems, species, and humanity as a whole.

Clean Water and Air: Biodiverse ecosystems help filter and purify water and air. Wetlands, for example, act as natural water purifiers, and forests contribute to the filtration of air and water.

Pollination: Biodiversity is crucial for pollination, which is essential for the reproduction of many plants, including crops. Bees, butterflies, birds, and other pollinators transfer pollen from one flower to another, ensuring the production of fruits and seeds.

Food Security: Biodiversity is essential for food production. Many different plant and animal species are sources of food for humans, and genetic diversity within these species is crucial for crop and livestock improvement.

Medicine and Pharmaceuticals: Many pharmaceuticals and medical treatments are derived from natural compounds found in various species. Biodiversity is a source of potential cures for numerous diseases.
Economic Benefits: Biodiversity can drive economic growth by supporting industries such as agriculture, fisheries, and tourism. Healthy ecosystems contribute to the resilience and sustainability of these sectors.

Climate Regulation: Ecosystems play a critical role in regulating the Earth’s climate. Forests, for example, absorb and store carbon dioxide, helping to mitigate climate change. Marine ecosystems, such as coral reefs and mangroves, also play a part in climate regulation. Biodiversity within these ecosystems is essential for their ability to provide these services.
Ecosystem Stability and Resilience: Biodiverse ecosystems tend to be more stable and resilient. They can better withstand and recover from environmental changes, such as climate fluctuations, diseases, or disturbances like wildfires. A diverse range of species provides different ecological functions, reducing the likelihood of catastrophic ecosystem collapses.

Cultural and Recreational Benefits: Biodiversity provides cultural and recreational benefits, including opportunities for tourism, aesthetic enjoyment, and spiritual or cultural practices. Many indigenous and local communities rely on biodiversity for their traditional lifestyles and livelihoods.

Scientific Understanding: Biodiversity is essential for advancing scientific knowledge and understanding the natural world. Studying different species and ecosystems can provide insights into ecology, evolution, and genetics, with potential applications in various fields.
Ethical and Intrinsic Value: Biodiversity has intrinsic value and an ethical dimension. Each species has a right to exist, and preserving biodiversity reflects our responsibility to protect life on Earth for future generations.

Threat and Damage to Biodiversity

Biodiversity is under threat from various human activities and natural processes. Human activities are the primary drivers of biodiversity loss.

Deforestation: The cutting down of forests for timber, agriculture, and urban development is a significant contributor to biodiversity loss. Forests are home to a wide variety of species, and their destruction can have far-reaching ecological consequences.
Habitat Destruction: The conversion of natural habitats into agricultural land, urban areas, infrastructure, and other land uses leads to the loss of critical ecosystems. This disrupts the habitats of many species, often resulting in their decline or extinction.

Pollution: Pollution from sources like industrial and agricultural runoff, oil spills, and air pollution can harm ecosystems and species. Pollutants can contaminate water, soil, and air, affecting the health of plants, animals, and microorganisms.

Overexploitation: The unsustainable hunting, fishing, and harvesting of species for food, medicine, pets, and other purposes can lead to population declines and, in some cases, extinction. This is often seen in overfishing, illegal wildlife trade, and poaching.
Climate Change: Climate change is a global threat to biodiversity. Rising temperatures, altered precipitation patterns, and increased frequency and severity of extreme weather events can disrupt ecosystems and negatively impact species that cannot adapt quickly enough.

Invasive Species: The introduction of non-native species to new areas can outcompete or prey on native species, disrupting local ecosystems. Invasive species can often become dominant and harm native flora and fauna.
Agriculture and Land Use Change: Intensive agriculture, the use of pesticides and herbicides, and the expansion of monoculture crops can degrade habitats and harm pollinators and other beneficial species. Soil erosion, desertification, and other forms of land degradation can reduce the productivity of ecosystems and make them less hospitable to many species.

Infrastructure Development: The construction of dams, roads, and other infrastructure can have direct and indirect impacts on biodiversity. Dams can alter river ecosystems, while roads can lead to increased habitat destruction and vehicle collisions with wildlife.
Energy Production: The extraction of fossil fuels, such as oil and gas, and the development of renewable energy sources like wind and solar farms can disrupt ecosystems and pose threats to wildlife through habitat disruption, pollution, and collisions.

Ocean Acidification: Increased carbon dioxide levels in the atmosphere can lead to ocean acidification, which harms marine life, particularly organisms with calcium carbonate shells or skeletons, such as corals and some shellfish.

Disease Spread: The spread of diseases, whether natural or introduced by human activities, can devastate wildlife populations, including amphibians, bats, and corals.

Protection of Biodiversity

Protecting biodiversity is a critical global priority to ensure the health of ecosystems, species, and the well-being of humanity.

Promotion of Sustainable use of Biological resources: “Sustainable use” means the use of components of biological diversity in a way and at a rate that does not lead to the long-term decline of biological diversity, thereby maintaining its potential to meet the needs and aspirations of present and future generations.

Expansion of Protected Areas and Wildlife Conservation: Create and effectively manage protected areas, such as national parks, wildlife reserves, and marine sanctuaries, to conserve critical habitats and species. Connect and expand these protected areas to facilitate the movement of species and genetic diversity. Implement strategies to protect endangered and threatened species, such as habitat preservation, captive breeding programs, and anti-poaching initiatives. Address the illegal wildlife trade by enforcing strong laws and regulations and reducing consumer demand for wildlife products

Habitat Restoration: Restore and rehabilitate degraded ecosystems, including reforestation and afforestation efforts to rebuild forests, and wetland restoration to improve water quality and provide habitat for wildlife.

Sustainable Land and Resource Management: Implement sustainable agricultural practices, such as organic farming and agroforestry, that minimize habitat destruction, reduce pesticide use, and protect soil and water quality. Promote sustainable forestry and fisheries management to ensure that these industries do not lead to overexploitation or habitat degradation.

Sustainable Fisheries and Aquaculture: Promote sustainable fishing practices, such as setting catch limits and protecting breeding and nursery areas. Encourage responsible and sustainable aquaculture practices to reduce pressure on wild fish populations.

Invasive Species Management: Prevent the introduction of non-native invasive species through strict biosecurity measures.
Manage existing invasive species through control and eradication programs.

Sustainable Tourism: Promote responsible and sustainable tourism practices that minimize the environmental impact and contribute to local conservation efforts.

Corporate Responsibility: Encourage businesses to adopt sustainable and environmentally responsible practices in their operations and supply chains. Support companies that are committed to reducing their environmental footprint.

Indigenous and Local Community Involvement: Collaborate with indigenous and local communities, who often have traditional knowledge about conservation and sustainable resource management. Recognize and respect the rights and contributions of these communities in conservation efforts.

Public Education and Awareness: Educate the public about the importance of biodiversity conservation and the threats it faces.
Encourage individuals and communities to take actions that protect local ecosystems and wildlife.

Climate Change Mitigation: Reduce greenhouse gas emissions to mitigate climate change, as this directly affects biodiversity. Transition to renewable energy sources, increase energy efficiency, and promote sustainable transportation. Develop and implement strategies for species and ecosystems to adapt to changing climate conditions.

Scientific Research: Invest in scientific research to better understand ecosystems, species, and their interactions, which can inform conservation strategies.

Policy and Advocacy: Advocate for policies and legislation that promote biodiversity conservation at local, national, and international levels.

International Agreements: Support and adhere to international agreements and conventions aimed at protecting biodiversity, such as the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) and the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES).

Effective biodiversity protection often requires a multidisciplinary and collaborative approach involving governments, non-governmental organizations, industries, local communities, and individuals. It also necessitates a long-term commitment to conservation efforts, as well as an understanding of the interconnectedness of all life on Earth and the importance of preserving it for current and future generations.

Climate change, biodiversity loss and pollution are part of an interlinked triple planetary crisis the world is facing today. They need to be tackled together if we are to advance the Sustainable Development Goals and secure a viable future on this planet.

Bishnu 🙏

No.-175, Date: 22nd Oct. 2023
Theme: The Nine Forms of Devi

Devi Durga is revered in various forms, each representing a unique aspect of her divine presence. The Devi Kavacha, from Mārkaṇḍeya Purāṇa, highlights the nine forms of Durgā, shedding light on the symbolic and profound nature of her existence. These nine forms are an essential part of the Navartri festival and are celebrated with great devotion. Meditating on the nine forms of the Divine Mother is a spiritual journey that helps sādhaka become conscious of her presence and various aspects of her own being.

Here is the significance of each of these forms and the spiritual insights they offer.

I. Shailaputrī — The Daughter of the Mountain (प्रथमं शैलपुत्रीति):
Shailaputrī, the first form of Goddess Durgā, is the daughter of the mountain. She embodies the idea of consciousness and existence, symbolized by the mountain’s stacked heights and peaks. In her, the divine takes birth in the core of inconscient matter, signifying the inception of creation.

II. Brahmacāriṇī — The Goddess of the Creative Sound (द्वितीयं ब्रह्मचारिणी)
Brahmacarini represents the conscious Word or Brahman. She is the embodiment of supreme nāda, the creative sound that underlies all existence. It signifies the divine entering creation at its most inconscient core, setting the stage for the universe’s manifestation.

III. Chandraghaṇṭā— The Spreader of Delight (तृतीयं चन्द्रघण्टेति):
Chandraghaṇṭā is the nāda that spreads the delight and sustaining sap of existence. Her name signifies the joy and nourishment found in the supernal ether, which is essential for life. She represents the nurturing and sustaining aspect of the divine.

IV. Kuṣmāṇḍā— The Seed of Creation (कुष्माण्डेति चतुर्थकम्):
Kuṣmāṇḍā is derived from ‘ku’ (earth), ‘ușma’ (heat), and ‘aṇḍa’ (egg or seed). This form of Durgā symbolizes the divine seed planted in the earthly matter, signifying the potential for creation. She is the source of fertility and growth.

V. Skandamātā — The Mother of Divine Energy (पञ्चमं स्कन्दमातेति):
Skandamātā is the mother of Skanda, a representation of divine energy descending to uplift humanity. This form of Durgā reminds us of the continuous divine interventions in the world to guide and elevate human consciousness.

VI. Kātyāyanī— The Eternal Virgin (षष्ठं कात्यायनीति च):
Kātyāyanī is the eternal virgin, symbolizing purity and untarnished divinity. She represents the idea that the divine can remain untouched by worldly impurities, reminding us of the eternal, unchanging nature of the sacred.

VII. Kālarātri — The Dark Night and Luminous Possibilities (सप्तमं कालरात्रीति):
Kālarātri, the dark night, carries the luminous possibilities in her womb. This form symbolizes the potential for enlightenment and transformation hidden within life’s challenges and adversities. The dark night is a precursor to the great dawn.

VIII. Mahāgaurī — The Great Radiance (महागौरीति चाष्टमम्):
Mahāgaurī is the great radiance, representing the bright day of light and knowledge. She symbolizes the ultimate illumination and enlightenment that awaits those who seek spiritual growth and wisdom.

IX. Siddhidātrī — The Bestower of Perfection (नवमं सिद्धिदात्री च):
Siddhidātrī is the bestower of Siddhi, granting the yearning of the created towards its creator. She symbolizes the fulfillment of one’s spiritual journey and the realization of divine potential within every individual.

The nine forms of Goddess Durgā, as described in the Kavacha (नवदुर्गा प्रकीर्तिता), provide profound insights into the multifaceted nature of the divine. Each form represents a unique aspect of the power and grace of the Devi, offering devotees a spiritual journey filled with symbolism, meaning, and the promise of transformation. During Navrātri, these forms are celebrated and worshipped, reminding us of the eternal presence of the divine in our life.

Written by Sampadananda Mishra

May Maa Durga bless all 🙏


No.-174, Date: 15th Oct. 2023
Theme: Li – Fi Technology for Wireless communication

Most of us know and use Wi – Fi to access internet from mobile, Laptop and Desktop computers.

Wi-Fi, which stands for “Wireless Fidelity,” is a wireless communication technology that allows electronic devices to connect to the internet or communicate with one another wirelessly using radio waves. It has become the standard for wireless networking and has enabled the proliferation of wireless connectivity in homes, offices, public spaces, and more.

Key aspects of Wi-Fi:

Wireless Connectivity: Wi-Fi provides a wireless way for devices like smartphones, laptops, tablets, and IoT devices to connect to the internet and local networks. It eliminates the need for physical cables, providing greater mobility and flexibility.

Radio Frequency Communication: Wi-Fi operates by transmitting data over radio frequencies, typically in the 2.4 GHz and 5 GHz bands. These radio waves are used to establish a connection between a Wi-Fi router or access point and Wi-Fi-enabled devices.

Local Area Networking: Wi-Fi is typically used to create local area networks (LANs) within a specific area, such as a home, office, or public space. Devices connect to a central Wi-Fi access point, often a router, to access the internet and communicate with other devices on the network.
But a few people know about Li – Fi.

Li-Fi, which stands for “Light Fidelity,” is a wireless communication technology that uses visible light to transmit data. It is similar to Wi-Fi but instead of using radio waves, it utilizes light-emitting diodes (LEDs) to transmit data.

Li-Fi technology was first proposed by Professor Harald Haas during a TED talk in 2011 and has since garnered interest in research and development, with some companies working on commercializing it for specific applications. However, it has not yet replaced Wi-Fi as the dominant wireless communication technology but has the potential to complement it in certain use cases.

In 2021, Akrund and Navanagar villages in Aravalli district of Gujarat have become India’s first smart villages with LiFi-based internet connectivity by a startup, Nav Wireless Technology.

Under the leadership of innovator and Environmentalist Sonam Wangchuk, SECMOL (Students’ Educational and Cultural Movement of Ladakh) has become the first-of-its-kind institute in the Union Territory Ladakh to have an internet connection using Light Fidelity (LiFi) technology.

Key points about Li-Fi technology:

Data Transmission Through Light: Li-Fi technology uses the modulation of light signals to transmit data. LEDs can be rapidly turned on and off to encode data in the form of binary code. This light signal is then received by a photodetector and converted back into data.

High Speed: Li-Fi has the potential to deliver extremely high data transfer rates, even faster than traditional Wi-Fi. Some laboratory tests have achieved speeds of multiple gigabits per second, which is significantly faster than most Wi-Fi connections.

Security: Since Li-Fi is based on visible light, it does not penetrate walls, making it inherently more secure than Wi-Fi. It is difficult for someone outside a room to intercept the data being transmitted through Li-Fi, as they would need a direct line of sight to the light source.

Interference-Free: Li-Fi does not interfere with radio frequency-based technologies, making it suitable for use in environments where electromagnetic interference is a concern, such as hospitals or aircraft.

Energy Efficiency: LEDs are already known for their energy efficiency. Li-Fi technology can be integrated into lighting systems, providing both illumination and data transmission simultaneously, making it energy-efficient.

Line-of-Sight: One limitation of Li-Fi is that it requires a direct line of sight between the transmitter (LED) and the receiver (photodetector). This means that it may not work well in situations where there are obstacles or the devices are not in the same room.

Application of Li – Fi technology
Li-Fi technology has several potential applications, although it’s still in the early stages of development and deployment.

High-Speed Internet Access: Li-Fi can be used to provide high-speed internet access in areas where traditional Wi-Fi may not be practical, such as in crowded urban environments, smart cities, or remote locations. It can offer gigabit-speed connectivity to users.

Indoor Navigation: Li-Fi can be used for indoor positioning and navigation. By installing Li-Fi transmitters in various locations, such as shopping malls or airports, users with Li-Fi-enabled devices can be guided accurately to their destinations.

Wireless Communication in Sensitive Areas: Li-Fi can be used in environments where radio frequency-based wireless technologies are not allowed or may interfere with sensitive equipment, such as hospitals, aircraft, and manufacturing facilities.

Underwater Communication: Li-Fi can be utilized for underwater communication, as visible light can penetrate water to some extent. This application is valuable for underwater exploration, research, and communication between submerged vehicles and stations.

Vehicular Communication: Li-Fi can be employed for vehicle-to-vehicle (V2V) and vehicle-to-infrastructure (V2I) communication, enhancing road safety and enabling autonomous vehicles to exchange data rapidly and reliably.

Secure Data Transfer: Li-Fi’s inherent security feature (line-of-sight communication) can be advantageous for secure data transfer in environments where data privacy is of utmost importance, such as military applications or secure corporate networks.

Smart Lighting: Li-Fi can be integrated into LED lighting systems to provide both illumination and data communication. This allows for energy-efficient, connected lighting in homes, offices, and public spaces.

In-flight Connectivity: Li-Fi can be used to provide high-speed internet access on commercial airplanes, where interference from Wi-Fi and cellular signals can be problematic.

IoT (Internet of Things) Connectivity: Li-Fi can be used to connect IoT devices in a more secure and interference-free manner, especially in environments where a large number of devices need to communicate simultaneously.

Educational Environments: Li-Fi can enhance connectivity and learning experiences in educational settings. It can be used to provide fast and secure internet access in classrooms, libraries, and other educational spaces.

Entertainment and Retail: Li-Fi can be used to enhance user experiences in entertainment venues and retail stores. For example, it can enable interactive displays, augmented reality experiences, and location-based services.

Healthcare: Li-Fi can be used in healthcare facilities to provide secure and interference-free communication for medical devices and patient records, while also improving indoor navigation for staff and patients.

Li-Fi is still a developing technology, and its practical implementation and widespread adoption many of these applications may take time. Ongoing research and development efforts aim to overcome these challenges and make Li-Fi a more practical and versatile communication technology.


No.-173, Date: 8th Oct. 2023
Theme: Shining Indian Athletes in 19th Asian Games 🥇 🥈 🥉

The 19th Asian Games held in China (also known as Hangzhou 2022) will end today (September 23 – October 8, 2023).

For the first time in the history of the Asian Games in 72 years, India returns with more than 100 medals, improving its tally from 70 to 107. (Gold 🥇 : 28, Silver 🥈 : 38, and Bronze 🥉 41).

India became the fourth nation to win 100 medals in a single edition of the Asian Games.

Our athletes set new records in archery and shooting competitions.

Satwiksairaj Rankireddy and Chirag Shetty won India’s first-ever badminton gold at the Asian Games. Saurav Ghosal has won five consecutive medals in men’s squash singles at the Asian Games over the years. In hockey, India registered its biggest victory against Pakistan by 10–2 goals. India claimed the top spot in the archery medal table with five golds, pushing South Korea to second place for the first time since 1978. India won golds in both men’s and women’s Kabadi.

There were many memorable moments in the 19th Asian Games, i.e., Parul Chaudhury’s sensational dash in the last 30 metres of the women’s 5000m event, which will also be remembered for a long time as the Meerut runner snatched a gold by ending Japan’s Ririka Hironaka in a close finish. She became the first Indian athlete to win a silver medal in the 3000m steeplechase and a gold medal in the 5000m race. Javelin thrower Kishore Jena’s astonishing 86.77-metre throw that gave him a lead over superstar Neeraj Chopra for a brief period in the men’s javelin event was another unforgettable moment. Later, Chopra won the gold and Jena the silver. Ojas Pravin Deotale, who won a Gold in the mixed team and men’s team events won his third Gold beating his compatriot Abhishek Verma 149 – 147 in the final.

Indian athletes won the medals at the Asian Games with their blood, sweat, and toil over the last fortnight to give the country an early Diwali gift and promise of a best-ever harvest at the 2024 Paris Olympics.

Congratulations to our athletes for their outstanding performances in the 19th Asian Games.


No.-172, Date: 1st Oct. 2023
Theme: M.S. Swaminathan – The Father of Green Revolution in India

Mankombu Sambasivan Swaminathan, popularly known as M.S. Swaminathan, the legendary agricultural scientist and a key architect of the country’s ‘Green Revolution,’ passed away at his residence in Chennai on September 28, 2023 at 11.20 am. He was 98.

According to a Time magazine review (1999), Swaminathan was one of the 20 most influential people to see Asia in the 20th century along with Mahatma Gandhi and Rabindranath Tagore.

M. S. Swaminathan, a plant geneticist by training, and Founder Chairman and Chief Mentor of the M. S. Swaminathan Research Foundation, Chennai, has long been an advocate of sustainable agriculture, of the move from the ‘green’ to an ‘evergreen revolution’ to ensure food and nutrition security for all, alongside the sustainability of global food systems. He has served as the Chairman of the Government of India’s National Commission on Farmers, President of the Pugwash Conferences on Science and World Affairs, Chairman of the High-Level Panel of Experts (HLPE) of the World Committee on Food Security (CFS), Member of the Indian Parliament (Rajya Sabha), Former Director General of Indian Council of Agricultural Research and International Rice Research Institute, amongst others.

He was the recipient of the first World Food Prize (1987) for his leadership in India’s Green Revolution and the and numerous other national and international awards including Padma Vibhushan (1972), Ramon Magsaysay award (1971). He was also a member of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States and the Royal Society of London. The United Nations Environment Programme has called him “the Father of Economic Ecology”

Swaminathan was born in Kumbakonam, Tamil Nadu, India, on August 7, 1925. He studied agriculture at the University of Madras and plant genetics at the University of Cambridge, where he received his PhD in 1952. After returning to India, he worked at the Indian Agricultural Research Institute (IARI) in New Delhi, where he developed high-yielding varieties of wheat and rice.

In 1966, Swaminathan was appointed Director General of the IARI. Under his leadership, the IARI released a number of high-yielding varieties of wheat and rice that were adopted by farmers across India. These varieties helped to increase crop yields significantly, leading to a dramatic increase in food production in the country.

Swaminathan served as Director General of the IARI until 1972. He then served as Secretary of the Department of Agriculture in the Government of India from 1972 to 1979. In 1982, he became the Director General of the International Rice Research Institute (IRRI) in the Philippines. He served in this position until 1988.

After leaving the IRRI, Swaminathan founded the M.S. Swaminathan Research Foundation (MSSRF) in Chennai, India. The MSSRF is a non-profit organization that works to promote sustainable agriculture and rural development.

Swaminathan’s contributions to Indian agriculture are immense. He is credited with helping to avert famine in the country and for making India self-sufficient in food production. He was a visionary leader who dedicated his life to improving the lives of farmers and rural communities.

Green Revolution

The term “Green Revolution” is used to describe the adoption of new agricultural practices and technologies that led to significant increases in crop yields, particularly for wheat and rice.

The Green Revolution in India refers to a period of agricultural transformation and modernization that began in the 1960s and continued into the 1970s and 1980s. It was a series of initiatives and programs aimed at increasing agricultural productivity and food security in India

Key features of the Green Revolution were:

High-Yielding Varieties (HYVs): The introduction of high-yielding varieties of wheat and rice, which were developed through scientific breeding techniques. These new varieties were more responsive to fertilizers and irrigation and produced higher crop yields.

Irrigation: Expansion of irrigation infrastructure to ensure a more reliable and consistent water supply for crops. This involved building dams, canals, and tube wells to improve water availability for agriculture.

Fertilizers and Chemicals: Widespread use of chemical fertilizers and pesticides to enhance soil fertility and control pests and diseases.

Extension Services: Government agencies and agricultural institutions provided farmers with training and education on modern farming techniques and the proper use of inputs like seeds, fertilizers, and pesticides.

Credit Facilities: Access to agricultural credit and loans for farmers to purchase seeds, fertilizers, and equipment.

Price Support: The government provided price support mechanisms to ensure that farmers received a fair price for their crops, which encouraged them to adopt modern farming practices.

Positive outcomes of the Green Revolution: Significant increase in agricultural production, particularly in wheat and rice. This increase in food production helped alleviate food shortages and hunger in the country, and India transitioned from being a food-deficient nation to achieving self-sufficiency in food grains.

Negative aspects of Green Revolution, such as concerns about environmental sustainability, overuse of water resources, chemical fertilizer, pesticides, soil degradation, and social inequality in access to resources and benefits.

It’s worth noting that the Green Revolution is an important part of India’s agricultural history, and subsequent agricultural policies and initiatives have aimed to address some of its limitations while building on its successes.

As Swaminathan noted in one of his writings, the Green Revolution was possible because of the synergy between technology, public policy and farmers. Public policy, particularly in terms of
providing remunerative prices and procurement mechanisms, was crucial for the success of the Revolution.

Just before receiving his Nobel Prize in 1970, Norman Borlaug wrote to Swaminathan:
“The Green Revolution has been a team effort and much of the credit for its spectacular development must go to the Indian officials, organizations, scientists, and farmers. However, to you, Dr. Swaminathan, a great deal of the credit must go for first recognizing the potential value of the Mexican dwarfs. Had this not occurred, it is quite possible that there would not have been a Green Revolution in Asia.”

As early as 1968, Swaminathan appealed to farmers not to harm the long-term production potential for short-term gains. He advised them to avoid the temptation to convert the Green
Revolution into a greed revolution.

A term coined by Swaminathan, ‘Evergreen Revolution’, based on the enduring influence of the green revolution, aims to address the continuous increase in sustainable productivity that mankind requires. He has described it as “productivity with perpetuity”.

He advocated farming system research (FSR) – it involves crop-livestock-fish integration in research – to strengthen linkages between agriculture and nutrition.

In his later years, he had also been part of initiatives related to bridging the digital divide, and bringing research to decision-makers in the field of hunger and nutrition.

The National Commission on Farmers, which Swaminathan chaired, recommended that the minimum support price (MSP) be set at least 50 per cent higher than the weighted average cost of production.

At MSSRF, he did a lot of work on hunger and malnutrition. According to Swaminathan, hunger has three major dimensions: The first is calorie deprivation; the second is protein hunger due to
inadequate consumption of pulses, milk, eggs, fish and meat;
and the third is hidden
hunger caused by the deficiency of micronutrients such as iron, iodine, zinc,
vitamin A and vitamin B12.

When accepting the Ramon Magsaysay Award (1971), Swaminathan quoted Seneca: “A hungry person listens neither to reason, nor to religion, nor is bent by any prayer.”

“The test of our progress is not whether we add more to the abundance of those who have much, it is whether we provide enough for those who have little”

  • M.S. Swaminathan

Tributes to the great scientist and father of the Green Revolution, M.S. Swaminathan 🙏


No. – 171, Date: 24th Sept. 2023
Theme: Santiniketan (A abode of Peace)

On 17th Sept. 2023, Santiniketan, West Bengal has been inscribed on UNESCO’s list of World Heritage Sites during the ongoing 45th session of the UNESCO World Heritage Committee in Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

Santiniketan is India’s 41st UNESCO World Heritage Site.

It is an ensemble of historic buildings, landscapes and gardens, pavilions, artworks, and continuing educational and cultural traditions that together express its Outstanding Universal Value.

Established in rural West Bengal in 1901, Santiniketan was founded by Rabindranath Tagore, a renowned poet and philosopher.

The built and open spaces of Santiniketan constitute an exceptional global testimony to ideas of environmental art and educational reform where progressive education and visual art are intertwined with architecture and landscape, with the Ashram, Uttarayan, and Kala-Bhavana areas forming the prime sites of these practices.

Santiniketan is also directly and tangibly associated with the ideas, works and vision of Rabindranath Tagore and his associates, pioneers of the Bengal School of Art and early Indian Modernism.

This UNESCO recognition not only celebrates India’s heritage but also reinforces the global significance of Santiniketan as a cultural and educational beacon.

The World Heritage Convention, adopted by UNESCO in 1972, strives to safeguard such exceptional places for future generations, recognizing their universal value and the need for international cooperation in their protection.

UNESCO seeks to encourage the identification, protection, and preservation of cultural and natural heritage around the world considered to be of outstanding value to humanity.


Santiniketan, located in the Birbhum district of West Bengal, India (161 kms from Kolkata), holds a unique and cherished place in India’s cultural and educational landscape. This idyllic town, often referred to as the “abode of peace,” was founded by the poet and Nobel laureate, Rabindranath Tagore. Santiniketan is not merely a geographical location but a symbol of India’s rich heritage, artistic expression, and educational philosophy.
In the middle of the 19th century, Maharshi Devendranath Tagore (father of Rabindranath Tagore) found solace and serenity in this barren land. He purchased the land and started the construction of a house. This house, named, Santiniketan, was built in the early 1860s; the name later came to denote the entire area. A beautiful garden was laid out on all sides of the house. The top-layer of gritty dry soil was removed and filled with rich soil brought from outside. Trees were planted for fruit and shade. Change in the environment had begun.

In 1888, Debendranath dedicated, the land and buildings, towards the establishment of a Brahmavidyalaya and a library. Rabindranath’s school Brahmacharyasram which started functioning formally December 22, 1901 with no more than five (5) students on the roll. From 1925 this school came to be known as Patha-Bhawan.

In 1921, Rabindranath Tagore expanded Santiniketan into Visva-Bharati University, meaning “The World University.” This institution aimed to promote the synthesis of various cultures and traditions, fostering international understanding and cooperation. It was recognized as a Central University in 1951, further enhancing its stature as a center for excellence in education and culture. Visva-Bharati follows the ideals of its founder by offering a liberal and holistic education that emphasizes creativity, self-discovery, and the integration of the arts and sciences.

The poet selected for its motto an ancient Sanskrit verse, “Yatra visvam bhavatieka nidam” which means “Where the whole world meets in the single nest”

“ Visva-Bharati represents India where she has her wealth of mind which is for all. Visva-Bharati acknowledges India’s obligation to offer to others the hospitality of her best culture and India’s right to accept from others their best ” – Rabindranath Tagore

In Santiniketan, one can pursue studies from pre-school (nursery) to PhD in many subjects of the arts, sciences, and a few professional courses.

Few classes even to this day are held under trees. The first day of rains is still celebrated with an outing, barefoot and sans umbrellas.

Important places in Santiniketan

Upasana Griha

Inaugurated in 1891, in this is the sanctum sanctorum of Santiniketan. It is a site of the Brahmo Upasana and is marked by empty space within to indicate the immanence of the Brahman who is all pervading. Every Wednesday, students faculty and visitors gather for the Upasana with songs, reading and hymns creating and atmosphere of tranquility and peace.

Rabindra Bhavana, founded in 1942, just after the death of the poet, is the focal point of Visva Bharati. It has a museum, archives, library and other units. It houses a major part of Rabindranath’s manuscripts, correspondence, paintings and sketches, 40,000 volumes of books and 12,000 volumes of bound journals, photographs and numerous items associated with the poet’s life. It is generally one of the first points of interest for anybody visiting Santiniketan. It was established by the poet’s son, Rathindranath Tagore, as a memorial museum and research centre for Tagore studies.

The Uttarayana Complex, which lies in the northern portion of the town and is located next to Rabindra Bhavana, features a collection of five houses built by Rabindranath – Udayan, Shyamali, Konark, Udichi and Punascha. The gardens in the Uttarayan complex were planned and laid out by Rathindranath. Shyamali and Konark are mud houses. Shyamali was an experiment. The visual perspective was based on the Borobudur style. The entire outside wall was decorated with beautiful relief work by Kala Bhavana students under the guidance of Nandalal Bose. The Santals on either side of the main door and on the eastern corner were by Ramkinkar Baij. Mahatma Gandhi and Kasturba Gandhi stayed in the house as guests.

Udayan is the most imposing house in the Uttarayan complex. It is meant for important guests visiting Santiniketan. Each suite in Udayan is on a different level which gives this house its individuality. In 2013, Visva Bharati opened a museum Guha Ghar, in the Uttarayan complex, in memory of Rathindranath Tagore.

Other places of Santiniketan are Chhatimtala, The Santiniketan House, Taloddhaj, Jagadish Udyan, Guhaghar – Chitrabhanu, Kalo Bari, Sriniketan, etc.

Few prominent festivals celebrated in Santiniketan

Basanta Utsav (Holi): Basanta Utsav, also known as Holi, is one of the most famous and widely celebrated festivals in Santiniketan. It usually takes place in March, during the spring season. The festival is marked by the enthusiastic playing of colors, traditional folk dances, and songs. Students and residents of Santiniketan, dressed in traditional attire, gather at the university grounds to welcome the arrival of spring with vibrant colors and cultural performances.

Poush Mela: Poush Mela is an annual winter festival celebrated in Santiniketan in December. It is a three-day event that attracts visitors from all over India and abroad. Poush Mela showcases the rich cultural heritage of Santiniketan through various cultural performances, folk music, dance, art exhibitions, and craft fairs. Visitors can enjoy traditional Bengali cuisine and shop for handicrafts and textiles during this festival.

Rabindra Jayanti: Rabindra Jayanti is celebrated on May 7th to commemorate the birth anniversary of Rabindranath Tagore, the town’s founder and Nobel laureate. On this day, Visva-Bharati University organizes special events, including poetry recitations, musical performances, and discussions on Tagore’s life and works. Students and scholars from various parts of the world gather to pay tribute to the poet and his contributions to literature and culture.

Rathindra Mela: Rathindra Mela is an annual fair organized by Sriniketan, a neighboring town of Santiniketan, in memory of Rathindranath Tagore, Rabindranath’s son. The fair celebrates the rural life of Bengal and showcases various agricultural practices, traditional games, and folk art forms. It provides a glimpse into the agricultural and rural traditions of the region.

Nandan Mela: Nandan Mela is an art and craft fair held in Santiniketan, primarily organized by Kala Bhavana, the art college of Visva-Bharati University. The fair is a platform for artists and craftsmen to display their creations, including paintings, sculptures, pottery, textiles, and jewelry. Visitors can purchase unique and handmade art and craft items during this event.

Sharodotsav (Durga Puja): While Durga Puja is a widely celebrated festival throughout West Bengal, Santiniketan also joins in the festivities with grand Durga Puja celebrations. The town is adorned with colorful decorations, elaborate pandals (temporary temples), and cultural performances during this time. Residents and students participate in the traditional rituals and enjoy the festive spirit.

The spirit of Rabindranath lives on in Santiniketan.

I was privileged to study at Visva-Bharati University. I did my Master of Social Work (MSW) in 1993 – 95. I am still having good relationships with my batchmates, faculty, and alumni of Social Work.


No. – 170, Date: 10th Sept. 2023
Theme: DOT – India’s largest Optical Telescope

After ISRO’s Chandrayan-3 (Moon Mission) and Aditya-L1 (Sun Mission), astronomy (the scientific study of celestial objects like stars, planets, galaxies, and the universe as a whole) has gained immense popularity in India, particularly among students.

While most people are unaware of it, the Government of India has another scientific agency that has been conducting astronomy-related research under the auspices of the Department of Science and Technology. The Aryabhatta Research Institute of Observational Sciences (ARIES) conducts research in the fields of astronomy, astrophysics, and meteorology. Due to its central location in a 180-degree longitude band facility, ARIES has made a unique contribution in many fields of astronomical research, especially those involving time-critical phenomena. ARIES’ Devasthal Optical Telescope (DOT) at Devasthal, India, is the largest Optical Telescope in the country (Aperture size for the 3.6 m). Training researchers (both PhD and Post-Doc level) is also a priority for ARIES.

The 3.6m Devasthal Optical Telescope (DOT) is a custom-built instrument of great complexity This telescope has the distinction of being largest telescope in India for study of celestial objects at optical wavelengths. It is a national facility installed at Devasthal in the district of Nainital, Uttarakhand, India. It was commissioned in the year 2016 and is being maintained and operated by ARIES. The 3.6m DOT facility consists of a modern 3.6 meter optical new technology telescope, a suite of instruments, an Aluminium coating plant, a control room and a data center. The back-end instruments of telescope provide spectral and imaging capabilities at visible and near-infrared bands.

ARIES hosts three telescopes of apertures 1.04m, 1.3m and 3.6m and an upcoming 4m Liquid Mirror Telescope. The 1.04m optical telescope, located at Manora Peak, near Nainital, is being used as a main observing facility by the ARIES scientists since 1972. Recent increase in light polution due to Nainital city, ARIES has now developed a new astronomical site at Devasthal after a comprehensive site survey done in different places in the Himalayan region.

Devasthal (“Abode of God”) is a mountain peak located at a distance of ~60 km from ARIES near Dhana-chuli, which has the advantages of having dark skies sub-arcsec seeing, low extinction and excellent observing conditions. Devasthal has a longitude of 79.7 E, latitude of 29.4 N, and an altitude of ~2450 m above msl. The site is away from major urban settlements in the region.

Congratulations to Computer Engineer Mohit Joshi for his contribution to set up *Devasthal Optical Telescope (DOT)” at Devasthal, Nainital, Uttarakhand India,


No. – 169, Date: 10th Sept. 2023
Theme: G20 India 2023

The G20 India 2023 leaders’ summit held in New Delhi on September 9 – 10, 2023, successfully with many successes and records.

As the president of the G20 for the year 2023, India made its work done by adopting the G20 New Delhi Leaders’ Declaration consensually.

The Group of Twenty (G20) is the premier forum for international economic cooperation. It plays an important role in shaping and strengthening global architecture and governance on all major international economic issues.

India holds the Presidency of the G20 from 1 December 2022 to 30 November 2023.

The Group of Twenty (G20) comprises 19 countries (Argentina, Australia, Brazil, Canada, China, France, Germany, India, Indonesia, Italy, Japan, Republic of Korea, Mexico, Russia, Saudi Arabia, South Africa, Türkiye, United Kingdom, and United States) and European Union.

The G20 members represent around 85% of the global GDP, over 75% of the global trade, and about two-thirds of the world population. G20 is the premier forum for international economic cooperation and it plays an important role in shaping and strengthening global architecture and governance on all major international economic issues.

The G20 does not have a permanent secretariat or staff. Instead, the G20 Presidency rotates annually among the members and is selected from a different regional grouping of countries. The 19 member countries are therefore divided up into five groups comprising a maximum of four countries each. Most of the groups are formed on a regional basis, that is countries from the same region are usually put in the same group. Only Group 1 (Australia, Canada, Saudi Arabia and the United States) and Group 2 (India, Russia, South Africa and Türkiye) do not follow this pattern. Group 3 includes Argentina, Brazil, and Mexico; Group 4 includes France, Germany, Italy, and United Kingdom; and Group 5 includes China, Indonesia, Japan, and Republic of Korea. The EU, the 20th member, is not a member of any of these regional groups.

Each year another country from a different group assumes the G20 Presidency. The countries in a group are each equally entitled to take on the Presidency when it is their group’s turn, though. India, from Group 2, holds the current Presidency of the G20 from 1 December 2022 to 30 November 2023. The G20 Presidency is responsible for bringing together the G20 agenda in consultation with other members and in response to developments in the global economy.

To ensure continuity, the Presidency is supported by a “troika” made up of the current, immediate past and next host countries. During India’s Presidency, the members of the G20 troika are Indonesia, India and Brazil.

India has transformed G20, the elite diplomatic event into a people’s event. It has been a pan-national celebration so the economic benefits are unfolding nationwide.

With approximately 220 meetings spanning 60 cities, nearly 30,000 delegates in G20 meetings, over 1,00,00 participants in their side events as well as involvement of citizens from all corners of the nation, G20 engaged with the people in myriad ways.

Preamble G20 New Delhi Leaders’ Declaration 2023

  1. We are One Earth, One Family, and we share One Future.
  2. We, the Leaders of the G20, met in New Delhi on 9-10 September 2023, under the theme ‘Vasudhaiva Kutumbakam’. We meet at a defining moment in history where the decisions we make now will determine the future of our people and our planet. It is with the philosophy of living in harmony with our surrounding ecosystem that we commit to concrete actions to address global challenges.
  3. G20 cooperation is essential in determining the course the world takes. Headwinds to global economic growth and stability persist. Years of cascading challenges and crises have reversed gains in the 2030 Agenda and its Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Global greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions continue to increase, with climate change, biodiversity loss, pollution, drought, land degradation and desertification threatening lives and livelihoods. Rising commodity prices, including food and energy prices are contributing to cost of living pressures. Global challenges like poverty and inequality, climate change, pandemics and conflicts disproportionately affect women and children, and the most vulnerable.
  4. Together we have an opportunity to build a better future. Just energy transitions can improve jobs and livelihoods, and strengthen economic resilience. We affirm that no country should have to choose between fighting poverty and fighting for our planet. We will pursue development models that implement sustainable, inclusive and just transitions globally, while leaving no one behind.
  5. As Leaders of G20, the premier global forum for international economic cooperation, we resolve to act in concrete ways through partnerships. We commit to:

a. Accelerate strong, sustainable, balanced and inclusive growth.

b. Accelerate the full and effective implementation of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.

c. Pursue low-GHG/low-carbon emissions, climate-resilient and environmentally sustainable development pathways by championing an integrated and inclusive approach. We will urgently accelerate our actions to address development and climate challenges, promote Lifestyles for Sustainable Development (LiFE), and conserve biodiversity, forests and oceans.

d. Improve access to medical countermeasures and facilitate more supplies and production capacities in developing countries to prepare better for future health emergencies.

e. Promote resilient growth by urgently and effectively addressing debt vulnerabilities in developing countries.

f. Scale up financing from all sources for accelerating progress on SDGs. 2 Zero Draft

g. Accelerate efforts and enhance resources towards achieving the Paris Agreement, including its temperature goal.

h. Pursue reforms for better, bigger and more effective Multilateral Development Banks (MDBs) to address global challenges to maximise developmental impact.

i. Improve access to digital services and digital public infrastructure, and leverage digital transformation opportunities to boost sustainable and inclusive growth.

j. Promote sustainable, quality, healthy, safe and gainful employment.

k. Close gender gaps and promote the full, equal, effective and meaningful participation of women in the economy as decision-makers. l. Better integrate the perspectives of developing countries, including LDCs, LLDCs, and SIDS, into future G20 agenda and strengthen the voice of developing countries in global decision making.

One Earth, One Family, and One Future.

“Vasudhaiva Kutumbakam”


No. – 168, Date: 3rd Sept. 2023
Theme: Aditya L1 Sun Mission of India

Yesterday (September 2, 2023), around noon, ISRO launched its Aditya L1 Sun Mission. Its PSLV- C57 rocket has placed the satellite precisely in its intended earth-bound orbit. India’s first solar observatory has begun its journey to the Sun-Earth L1 point.

Lagrange Points

Lagrange points, also known as Lagrangian points or simply L- points, are specific locations in space where the gravitational forces of two large objects, such as a planet and its moon or a planet and the Sun, balance the centrifugal force felt by a smaller object, like a satellite or spacecraft. These points were named after the French-Italian mathematician Joseph-Louis Lagrange, who studied them in the late 18th century.

There are five Lagrange points associated with the Earth-Sun system, denoted as L1, L2, L3, L4, and L5:

L1 (Lagrange Point 1): This point lies along the line connecting the two larger bodies (Earth and the Sun) and is located closer to the smaller body (Earth). Objects placed at L1 maintain a nearly constant position relative to the Earth as they orbit the Sun.

Lagrange points are of great interest to space missions and astronomy. For instance, the L1 point is used for solar observatories like the Solar and Heliospheric Observatory (SOHO) because it allows a continuous view of the Sun. L2 is used for missions like the James Webb Space Telescope (JWST), as it provides a stable environment and is shielded from the Sun’s radiation and Earth’s atmosphere.

India’s Aditya spacecraft (satellite) will be placed in L1 (Lagrange Point 1) in next 125 days and revolve around the Sun.

Aditya L1 Mission

Aditya L1 shall be the first space based Indian mission to study the Sun. The spacecraft shall be placed in a halo orbit around the Lagrange point 1 (L1) of the Sun-Earth system, which is about 1.5 million km from the Earth. A satellite placed in the halo orbit around the L1 point has the major advantage of continuously viewing the Sun without any occultation/eclipses. This will provide a greater advantage of observing the solar activities and its effect on space weather in real time.

The spacecraft carries seven payloads to observe the photosphere, chromosphere and the outermost layers of the Sun (the corona) using electromagnetic and particle and magnetic field detectors. Using the special vantage point L1, four payloads directly view the Sun and the remaining three payloads carry out in-situ studies of particles and fields at the Lagrange point L1, thus providing important scientific studies of the propagatory effect of solar dynamics in the interplanetary medium

The suits of Aditya L1 payloads are expected to provide most crucial information to understand the problem of coronal heating, coronal mass ejection, pre-flare and flare activities and their characteristics, dynamics of space weather, propagation of particle and fields etc.

Aditya L1 Mission Brochure from ISRO website

The Sun

Though Sun is special to us, there are billions of stars like our sun scattered across the Milky Way galaxy in the Universe. The Sun is located in one of the spiral arms of the Milky Way known as the Orion Arm, situated roughly halfway from the galactic center to the outer edge.

Our Sun is a 4.5 billion-year-old star – a hot glowing ball of hydrogen and helium in plasma state at the center of our solar system. The Sun is about 93 million miles (150 million kilometers) from Earth, and without its energy, life as we know it could not exist here on our home planet.

The Sun is the largest object in our solar system. The Sun’s volume would need 1.3 million Earths to fill it. Its gravity holds the solar system together, keeping everything from the biggest planets to the smallest bits of debris in orbit around it. The hottest part of the Sun is its core, where temperatures top 27 million degrees Fahrenheit (15 million degrees Celsius). The Sun’s activity, from its powerful eruptions to the steady stream of charged particles it sends out, influences the nature of space throughout the solar system.

Sun’s influence extends far beyond the orbits of distant Neptune and Pluto. Without the sun’s intense energy and heat, there would be no life on Earth. And. If the sun were as tall as a typical front door, the Earth would be the size of a U.S. nickel (coin).

Few Interesting information about Sun

Age and Lifespan: The Sun is approximately 4.5 billion years old and is considered middle-aged. It is expected to remain in its current state for another 5 billion years before it enters the later stages of its life.

Composition: The Sun is primarily composed of hydrogen (about 74%) and helium (about 24%). Trace amounts of other elements make up the remaining 2% of its mass.

Size: The Sun is massive, with a diameter of about 109 times that of Earth. Its volume is so vast that it could fit over 1.3 million Earths inside it.

Rotation: In the year 1612, Galileo Galilei first discovered that the Sun rotates on its axis once in every 27 days. However, its equator, the mid-region of the Sun spins the faster and takes about 24 days to rotate, while the poles take more than 30 days.

Energy Production: The Sun’s core is incredibly hot, with temperatures exceeding 15 million degrees Celsius (27 million degrees Fahrenheit). It generates energy through nuclear fusion, where hydrogen atoms combine to form helium, releasing immense amounts of energy in the process.

Light Travel Time: It takes roughly 8 minutes and 20 seconds for sunlight to reach Earth, traveling at the speed of light. This means that when you look at the Sun, you’re actually seeing it as it was over 8 minutes ago.

Solar Flares and Sunspots: The Sun experiences periodic bursts of energy called solar flares and dark, cooler regions known as sunspots. These solar activities can impact Earth’s magnetic field and communication systems.

Solar Wind: The Sun constantly emits a stream of charged particles known as the solar wind. When this wind interacts with Earth’s magnetic field, it creates phenomena like the Northern and Southern Lights (Auroras).

Energy Output: The Sun radiates an enormous amount of energy. In one second, it emits more energy than humanity has consumed throughout all of history.

Solar Variability: The Sun goes through an approximately 11-year cycle of solar activity known as the solar cycle. During periods of high activity, there are more sunspots and solar flares, while during solar minimums, the Sun is quieter.

Importance for Life: The Sun is vital for life on Earth. Its energy powers photosynthesis in plants, providing the basis for the food chain. It also regulates Earth’s climate and weather patterns.

Future Evolution: Eventually, the Sun will exhaust its hydrogen fuel and expand into a red giant, engulfing the inner planets, including Earth, before eventually cooling and becoming a white dwarf.

Solar Missions: Numerous space missions, like the Solar and Heliospheric Observatory (SOHO) and the Parker Solar Probe, have been launched to study the Sun up close and better understand its behavior. Aditya L1 Mission of India will add value to previous and ongoing solar missions.


No. – 167, Date: 27th Aug. 2023
Theme: Tribute to Dr. Bindeshwar Pathak – The Toilet man of India

Most of us know and have even used public toilets and bathing facilities at bus stands, railway stations, and market places across India. But few may be aware of its promoter, Dr. Bindeshwar Pathak.

Bindeshwar Pathak, the founder of Sulabh International, passed away at the age of 80 on August 15, 2023. He died due to a cardiac arrest, the news agency PTI reported, citing a close aide. The aide said that Pathak hoisted the national flag in the morning on the occasion of Independence Day and collapsed soon after that.
Pathak was a pioneer in building public toilets.

He founded Sulabh International, a social service organization that works to promote human rights, environmental sanitation, waste management, and reforms through education.

In the early 1970s, he made a cheap twin-pit toilet, a design that has since been used to build clean toilets in hundreds of thousands of homes across India, helping millions of women access safe sanitation facilities.

Over the years, his organization, Sulabh International, also helped many Indian cities set up 10,123 pay-per-use public toilets that were clean and safe. The organization also constructed 15, 91, 185 household toilets, 32, 541 school toilets, 2,454 slum community toilets, 200 biogas plants, Museum of Toilets, World’s largest toilet and bathing complex and many other things.

The concept – one rupee for a pee and two rupees for a poo – quickly caught on in a country where using a toilet in public often meant squatting behind a tree.

His work in challenging India’s tenacious caste discrimination, which puts those at the bottom of the social hierarchy at a disadvantage, and uplifting more than 10,000 manual scavengers, mostly Dalits (formerly untouchables), has also been widely recognized.

During his lifetime, Mr. Pathak won many prestigious Indian and global awards. As his popularity grew, the press dubbed him “Mr. Sanitation” and “The Toilet Man of India” In a report, the Washington Post described him as a “mini revolutionary,” and he figured in the Economist Global Diversity List in 2015. He was also awarded the Gandhi Peace Prize in 2016.

In 1991, Pathak was awarded the Padma Bhushan for his work in liberating and rehabilitating manual scavengers and also for preventing environmental pollution by providing pour-flush toilet technology. In 1989 he once led 100 girls from families of manual scavengers in Rajasthan state into a temple, where Dalits were traditionally barred from entering, and ate a meal in public with them.

In recent years, Sulabh International has also tied up with the Indian government’s flagship programme, Swachh Bharat Mission, which aims to end open defecation and promote hygiene.

Mr. Pathak, who often said that his “priority in life was to solve the problem of sanitation for people” and that “I love this work more than my sons and daughters”, was deeply influenced by the teachings of Mahatma Gandhi, India’s independence movement leader.

Mr. Pathak claims that even as a young child, he was acutely aware of his privilege and perplexed by the harsh realities of the caste system, which governed life in his village in every way. He was born into an upper-caste Brahmin family in Rampur Baghel village, Vaishali, Bihar.

Pathak did his graduation in sociology in 1964 from the Banaras Hindu University. He earned his master’s degree in 1980 and his PhD in 1985 from the University of Patna. He established the Sulabh International Social Service in 1970 with the aim of resolving the country’s sanitation problems.

The first of its kind in the world, the Sulabh International Museum of Toilets, was set up in New Delhi in 1994. The curation of this unique museum is such that it narrates the story of toilet evolution through artefacts, pictures, posters and other available materials. The museum is hugely popular and has been profiled by the likes The Time Magazine and the Discovery Channel. Thousands visit the museum every year.

In the year 2012, at the behest of India’s Supreme Court, Sulabh steps in to provide care for the widows living in the government shelters in Vrindavan (Uttar Pradesh). Since then Sulabh has been providing humanitarian services to thousands of widows innovative ways. Many widows are now celebrating Holi and Diwali as a result of Dr. Bindeswar Pathak.

Sulabh inaugurated the world’s largest toilet complex in Pandharpur, Maharashtra, with 2,858 toilet seats in 2015. It has bathing and locker facilities that are used by four thousand people every day. Additionally, 36 public toilets have been constructed. These toilets are monitored around the clock and are disabled-friendly.

Great things are achieved when knowledge is combined with action.” – Dr. Bideshwar Pathak

Late Dr. Bideshwar Pathak, the renowned social reformer, deserves our respect and admiration.

Our tribute to him. 🙏


No. – 166, Date: 20th Aug. 2023
Theme: Richard Turere – The Young Inventor and conservationis

Richard Turere from Kenya is a recognised conservationist with expertise in human-wildlife conflict and nature conservation-related matters of national and global importance.

Richard Turere was born in Kitengela, Kenya, just south of Nairobi National Park, which has the world’s largest density of lions. At the age of nine, Turere was responsible for looking after his family’s herd of cattle. The lions took down these valuable animals — the family’s source of meat and milk — too often.

By age 11, Turere decided to find a way to protect his family’s livestock, which also included goats and sheep, from falling prey to the roaming lions. At first, he tried building fires, but the lions learned to skirt around them and remain in the shadows – still able to hunt vulnerable animals.
Turere soon noticed that while the lions didn’t seem to fear the stationary fires, they were afraid of moving lights; they wouldn’t come near the stockade if someone walked around with a flashlight.

After a few weeks of contemplation and experimentation, he devised an innovative, simple, and low-cost system to keep the predators at bay. With little to no access to technical information, Turere put together an automated lighting system using LED bulbs from broken flashlights and a car battery powered by a solar panel that also powers the family’s television. These “Lion Lights” are designed to flash intermittently, tricking lions into thinking someone is walking around with a flashlight.

This solution has been so successful that several families have asked for Lion Lights; over 2000 such systems have been rigged up around Kenya. Invention saves tourism, too. Tourism is key in helping support the national economy in Kenya, and thousands of tourists visit Nairobi National Park every year to see wildlife.

He is the founder and innovator of Lion Lights, an innovation widely recognised for its singular ingenuity in promoting a sustainable, peaceful coexistence between humans and wildlife. Richard has been honoured to speak within various forums, both local and global, such as the TED Global Stage in California, USA; the Let’s Go Festival in Brazil; La Ciudad de Las Ideas, Mexico; the Lion Week Festival in Hong Kong; the Jack Ma Talk as a Special Invited Guest Speaker at the University of Nairobi; the Anzisha Prize in Johannesburg, South Africa; the Conservation Business Forum as a recognised youth expert in Kigali, Rwanda.

Our students, and young people should take inspiration from Richard and do something similar in order to address issues facing society.


No. – 165, Date: 13th Aug. 2023
Theme: Salute to Indian Army – Our Defender

We will celebrate our 76th Independence Day on August 15, 2023.
While celebrating Independence Day or Republic Day, we generally remember and pay tribute to our freedom fighters.

But there is one important category, i.e., our Armed forces, who are defending us and our motherland.
Our salute and tribute to them for their duty and sacrifices.

“The distinguished history of Indian Army dates back more than ten thousand years. The two grand epics of ‘Ramayana’ and ‘Mahabharata’ constitute the fundamental framework around which the edifice of Indian Army is built. The massive war ‘Mahabharata’, fought at Kurukshetra in north-central India, has left indelible imprints on the Indian psyche. Fought relentlessly for eighteen days in the quest of peace, the force level described in the Epic states 18 ‘Akshaunis’, seven with the ‘Pandavas’ and eleven with the ‘Kauravas’, amounting to nearly 400,000 assorted troops fighting on chariots, horses, elephants and foot soldiers.”

The predecessors to the contemporary Army of India were many: the sepoy regiments, native cavalry, irregular horse and Indian sapper and miner companies raised by the three British presidencies. The Army of India was raised under the British Raj in the 19th century by taking the erstwhile presidency armies, merging them, and bringing them under the Crown. The British Indian Army fought in both World Wars.

The armed forces succeeded the military of British India following India’s independence in 1947. After World War II, many of the wartime troops were discharged and units disbanded. The reduced armed forces were partitioned between India and Pakistan. The Indian Armed Forces fought in all four wars against Pakistan and two wars against the People’s Republic of China in 1962 and 1967 (Nathu La – Cho La clashes). India also fought in the Kargil War with Pakistan in 1999, the highest altitude mountain warfare in history. The Indian Armed Forces have participated in several United Nations peacekeeping operations and are presently the second largest contributor of troops to the peacekeeping force.

The Indian Army is one of the best armies in the world.

Jai Hind 🙏

No. – 164, Date: 6th Aug. 2023
Theme: Power of Believe / Positive Mindset

This is the real life story of George Bernard Dantzig who was an American mathematical scientist who made contributions to industrial engineering, operations research, computer science, economics, and statistics.

Dantzig solved two open problems in statistical theory (which had been unsolved for many years), which he had mistaken for homework after arriving late to a lecture by Jerzy Neyman.

I didn’t know I couldn’t, so I did.” – Dantzig

There are many inspiring stories in

“When you believe, your mind will find a way.”David J. Schwartz

The power of belief is the transformative impact of our beliefs on our lives and actions. Positive beliefs increase confidence, motivation, and resilience, driving us to achieve goals and overcome challenges. Negative beliefs limit our potential and limit our ability to succeed.

While belief alone doesn’t guarantee success, it significantly influences attitudes and actions. Cultivating positive beliefs and maintaining a hopeful outlook contribute to a more optimistic and fulfilling life journey. Balancing belief with realism and taking practical steps towards goals is essential for lasting success and personal growth.

Cultivating the power of belief involves developing a positive mindset, setting clear goals, visualizing success, practicing positive affirmations, and surrounding oneself with supportive positive thinking people who believe in one’s potential. These strategies help build confidence, boost assurance, and reinforce positive beliefs about one’s capabilities.

”Trust yourself. You know more than you think you do.” – Dr. Benjamin Spock

Bishnu 🙏

No. – 163, Date: 9th July 2023
Theme: India’s Moon Missions

On July 14, 2023, India launched Chandrayaan-3 (its third mission to the moon). On August 23, 2023, the Lander with the Rover of Chandrayaan-3 will ascent the moon. Moon, Earth’s sole natural satellite and nearest large celestial body Known since prehistoric times, it is the brightest object in the sky after the Sun.

At night, the moon is the brightest and largest object in our sky. The moon does not have its own light but is lit by the Sun. The Moon makes Earth a more livable planet by moderating our home planet’s wobble on its axis, leading to a relatively stable climate. It also causes tides, creating a rhythm that has guided humans for thousands of years. The Moon was likely formed after a Mars-sized body collided with Earth billions of years ago.

The Earth’s Moon is the fifth largest of the 200+ moons orbiting planets in our solar system.

Earth’s only natural satellite is simply called “the Moon” because people didn’t know other moons existed until Galileo Galilei discovered four moons orbiting Jupiter in 1610.

In Latin, the moon is called Luna.

Earth’s Moon is the only place beyond Earth where humans have set foot.

Interesting things about the Moon

The Moon is Earth’s only natural satellite.

It goes around the Earth at a distance of about 385,000 kilometres.

The Moon’s diameter is about 3,500 km, more than a quarter of Earth’s, with the face of the Moon comparable to the width of Australia. The whole surface area of the Moon is about 38 million square kilometres, roughly the size of the Americas (North and South America) and Africa.

The Moon’s mass is 1/81 of Earth’s, making it the second densest among the planetary moons and having the second highest surface gravity after Io at 0.1654 g and an escape velocity of 2.38 km/s (8600 km/h; 5300 mph).

The Moon has a solid and rocky surface.

The Moon has a very thin and tenuous atmosphere called an exosphere. It is not breathable.

The Moon has no moons and no rings.

The Earth and Moon are tidally locked. Their rotations are so in sync that we only see one side of the Moon. Humans didn’t see the far side of the moon until a Soviet spacecraft flew past in 1959.
More than 105 robotic spacecraft have been launched to explore the Moon. It is the only celestial body beyond Earth, so far, visited by humans.

Neil Armstrong and Edwin “Buzz” Aldrin were the first of 12 human beings to walk on the Moon. Four of America’s moonwalkers are still alive: Aldrin (Apollo 11), David Scott (Apollo 15), Charles Duke (Apollo 16), and Harrison Schmitt (Apollo 17).

In all, 24 American astronauts made the trip from Earth to the Moon between 1968 and 1972. Three astronauts made the journey from Earth to the Moon twice: James Lovell (Apollo 8 and Apollo 13), John Young (Apollo 10 and Apollo 16), and Gene Cernan (Apollo 10 and Apollo 17).

Apollo astronauts brought back a total of 382 kilogrammes of lunar rocks and soil to Earth. We are still studying them.

Few countries, i.e., the USA, Russia, China, Japan, the EU, and India, have made missions to the Moon.

Chandrayan – 1 (2008)

Chandrayaan-1 was the first Indian lunar probe under the Chandrayaan programme. It was launched by the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) in October 2008 and operated until August 2009. The mission included a lunar orbiter and an impactor. India launched the spacecraft using a PSLV-XL rocket on October 22 from the Satish Dhawan Space Centre in Sriharikota, Andhra Pradesh. The mission was a major boost to India’s space programme [8] as India researched and developed indigenous technology to explore the Moon. The vehicle was inserted into lunar orbit on November 8, 2008.
On November 14, 2008, the Moon Impact Probe separated from the Chandrayaan orbiter at 14:36 UTC and struck the south pole in a controlled manner.

Chandrayaan-1 explored the presence of water on the moon along with other scientific studies.

Chandrayaan – 2 (2019)

Chandrayaan-2 is the second lunar exploration mission developed by ISRO after Chandrayaan-1. It consists of a lunar orbiter, a lander, and the Pragyan rover, all of which were developed in India. The main scientific objective is to map and study the variations in lunar surface composition as well as the location and abundance of lunar water.
The spacecraft was launched from the second launch pad at the Satish Dhawan Space Centre in Andhra Pradesh on July 22, 2019 at 09:13:12 UTC by a LVM3-M1 rocket. The craft reached the Moon’s orbit on August 20 and began orbital positioning manoeuvres for the landing of the Vikram lander. The lander and the rover were scheduled to land on the near side of the moon in the south polar region at a latitude of about 70° south on September 6, 2019.
However, the lander crashed when it deviated from its intended trajectory while attempting to land on September 6, 2019. According to a failure analysis report submitted to ISRO, the crash was caused by a software glitch.

Chandrayaan -3 (2023)

Chandrayaan-3 is a follow-on mission to Chandrayaan-2 to demonstrate end-to-end capability for safe landing and roving on the lunar surface. It consists of Lander and Rover configurations. It was launched by LVM3 from SDSC SHAR, Sriharikota. The propulsion module is carrying the lander and rover configuration to a 100-kilometre lunar orbit. The propulsion module has a Spectro-Polarimetry of Habitable Planet Earth (SHAPE) payload to study the spectral and polarimetric measurements of Earth from the lunar orbit.

Lander payloads: Chandra’s Surface Thermophysical Experiment (ChaSTE) to measure the thermal conductivity and temperature; Instrument for Lunar Seismic Activity (ILSA) to measure the seismicity around the landing site; Langmuir Probe (LP) to estimate the plasma density and its variations. A passive Laser Retroreflector Array from NASA is used for lunar laser ranging studies.

Rover payloads: Alpha Particle X-ray Spectrometer (APXS) and Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscope (LIBS) for deriving the elemental composition in the vicinity of the landing site.

Chandrayaan-3 consists of an indigenous landing module (LM), a propulsion module (PM), and a Rover with the objective of developing and demonstrating new technologies required for interplanetary missions. The Lander will have the capability to soft land at a specified lunar site and deploy the Rover, which will carry out in-situ chemical analysis of the lunar surface during the course of its mobility. The Lander and the Rover have scientific payloads to carry out experiments on the lunar surface. The main function of PM is to carry the LM from launch vehicle injection until the final lunar 100-km circular polar orbit and separate the LM from PM. Apart from this, the Propulsion Module also has one scientific payload as a value addition, which will be operated post-separation of the Lander Module. The launcher identified for Chandrayaan-3 is LVM3 M4, which will place the integrated module in an Elliptic Parking Orbit (EPO) of size 170 x 36500 km.

The mission objectives of Chandrayaan-3 are:
1.To demonstrate Safe and Soft Landing on the lunar surface

  1. To demonstrate Rover roving on the moon and
  2. To conduct in-situ scientific experiments.

Please down load Chandrayaan – 3 Brochure for details.

Let’s wait until August 23, 2023, for a great achievement on the moon’s surface by India.


No. – 162, Date: 9th July 2023
Theme: A simple Magic

I’m unable to prepare The Sunday Sharing today since I am suffering from a health issue. Let Japanese magician Kellchi Iwasaki’s amiable magical performances charm you. Children would love to watch this video, so please pass it along.


No. – 160, Date: 2nd July 2023
Theme: Power of Steam Engines

Kory Anderson and his team took 16 months to recreate this iconic engine from scratch. They had to make it from scratch because none of the original nine 150-HP Case engines survived the test of time.

The 150-case steam engine was originally built in 1905 by The Case Company in USA. Only nine of these massive engines were made, and none survived. Then, in 2016, Kory Anderson and his team decided to bring the giant steam engine back to life.

The Largest steam-powered tractor in operation is the ‘150 HP Case, which weighs 34,000 kg (75,000 lb) and was reconstructed by Anderson Industries (USA) in Webster, South Dakota, USA, in 2018.

The Tractor is 7.62 m (25 ft) long, 4.3 m (14 ft) wide, and 4.3 m (14 ft) high, and it packs a 1.4 m (4 ft, 10 in) long firebox. All this size means this tractor packs a huge punch, producing 6800 Nm (5000 ft lb) of Torque. The tractor is capable of pulling 44 John Deere ploughs; that’s the same pulling power as 10 F1 cars.

The Case’s massive pulling power comes from a giant 14-inch bore and 14-inch stroke engine. It’s a lazy 200 RPM motor that delivers all its torque from the very beginning. With that kind of weight and torque, the 150 Case has a modest top speed of 5.69 mph.

It was registered in Guinness World Records as the world’s largest Steam Tractor.

Steam engines were essential to the Industrial Revolution, which was a period of rapid economic and social change that began in Great Britain in the late 18th century and spread to other parts of the world. Steam engines provided a reliable and efficient source of power that helped drive the growth of industry, transportation, and agriculture.

Steam engines were used in a variety of applications, including:

I. Powering pumps: Steam engines were first used to power pumps, which were used to drain mines and provide water for factories.

II. Providing motive power for ships: Steam engines were used to power ships, which revolutionised transportation and made it possible to travel long distances quickly and efficiently.

III. Providing motive power for locomotives: Steam locomotives were used to power trains, which made it possible to transport goods and people over long distances quickly and efficiently.

IV. Generating electricity: Steam engines were used to generate electricity, which was used to power homes, businesses, and factories.

V. Providing power for machinery: Steam engines were used to power a variety of machinery, including textile mills, sawmills, and printing presses.

VI. Providing power for agricultural equipment: Steam engines were used to power a variety of agricultural equipment, including threshers, ploughs, and harvesters.

A steam engine is a heat engine that uses steam as its working fluid. The steam engine uses the force produced by steam pressure to push a piston back and forth inside a cylinder. This pushing force can be transformed, by a connecting rod and crank, into rotational force for work.

The basic components of a steam engine are:

Boiler: The boiler is where the water is heated to produce steam. The boiler is typically made of steel or cast iron and has a firebox where fuel is burned.

Cylinder: The cylinder is where the steam expands and pushes the piston. The cylinder is typically made of cast iron or steel and has a piston that moves back and forth inside it.

Piston: The piston is a disk-shaped object that moves back and forth inside the cylinder. The piston is connected to a connecting rod, which converts the linear motion of the piston into rotational motion.

Connecting rod: The connecting rod is a long, slender rod that connects the piston to the crank. The connecting rod converts the linear motion of the piston into rotational motion.

Crank: The crank is a rotating arm that is connected to the connecting rod. The crank converts the rotational motion of the connecting rod into rotational motion of the output shaft.

The steam engine works in the following steps:

  1. Water is heated in the boiler until it boils and turns into steam.
  2. The steam is then admitted into the cylinder.
  3. The steam expands and pushes the piston back and forth.
  4. The connecting rod converts the linear motion of the piston into rotational motion.
  5. The crank converts the rotational motion of the connecting rod into rotational motion of the output shaft.
  6. The output shaft can then be used to power a machine or turn a wheel.

Steam engines can be categorized into two main types: reciprocating engines and turbine engines.
Reciprocating engines use pistons to convert the force of steam into rotational motion. Turbine engines use rotating blades to convert the force of steam into rotational motion.

Reciprocating engines were the most common type of steam engine used during the Industrial Revolution. They were used to power a variety of machines and vehicles, including locomotives, ships, and pumps. Turbine engines are more efficient than reciprocating engines, but they are also more complex and expensive. They are typically used in large power plants to generate electricity.

The steam engine was not invented by a single individual but rather evolved over time through the contributions of various inventors and engineers. However, one of the most significant figures associated with the development of the steam engine is James Watt.

James Watt, a Scottish engineer, is often credited with making substantial improvements to the design and efficiency of the steam engine. In the 18th century, Watt developed a separate condenser that prevented the loss of steam and greatly increased the engine’s efficiency. His innovations, including the rotary motion and the double-acting engine, played a crucial role in the widespread adoption of steam power during the Industrial Revolution.

It’s worth noting that the concept of using steam to produce mechanical work predates Watt’s contributions. Early steam engines and devices utilizing steam power were developed by inventors such as Thomas Savery and Thomas Newcomen. However, it was James Watt’s refinements and improvements that significantly advanced the technology and made steam engines more practical and efficient.


No. – 159 Date: 25th June 2023
Theme: C R Rao: The man who revolutionized statistics

Can you believe one can get the International Prize in Statistics (equivalent to the Nobel Prize) at the age of 102 (one hundred and two)?

Calyampudi Radhakrishna Rao (born on September 10, 1920) retired at the age of sixty and went to live with his daughter in America along with his grandchildren. At the age of 62, he became a professor of statistics at the University of Pittsburgh, and at the age of 70, he became the head of the department at the University of Pennsylvania. US citizenship at the age of 75. National Medal for Science at the age of 82, a White House honour. In India, the government has already honoured him with the Padma Bhushan (1968) and the Padma Vibhushan (2001). At the age of 102, in the year 2023, receiving an International Prize in Statistics while in good physical condition is probably the first example.

Prof. Rao, who is now 102 years old, is a ‘living legend’ whose work has influenced, in the words of the American Statistical Association, “not just statistics” but also “economics, genetics, anthropology, geology, national planning, demography, biometry, and medicine”

The citation for his new award reads: “C.R. Rao, a professor whose work more than 75 years ago continues to exert a profound influence on science, has been awarded the 2023 International Prize in Statistics.”

Among his best-known discoveries are the Cramér-Rao bound and the Rao-Blackwell theorem, both related to the quality of estimators. Other areas he worked in include multivariate analysis, estimation theory, and differential geometry. His other contributions include the Fisher-Rao theorem, the Rao distance, and orthogonal arrays. He is the author of 14 books and has published over 400 journal articles.
Rao has received 38 honorary doctoral degrees from universities in 19 countries around the world and numerous awards and medals for his contributions to statistics and science. He is a member of eight National Academies in India, the United Kingdom, the United States, and Italy.

C. R. Rao was born to a Telugu family in Hadagali, Bellary, Madras Presidency (now Karnataka), India. His schooling was completed in Gudur, Nuzvid, Nandigama, and Visakhapatnam, all in the present state of Andhra Pradesh. He received an MSc in mathematics from Andhra University and an MA in statistics from Calcutta University in 1943. He obtained a PhD degree at King’s College, Cambridge University, under R. A. Fisher in 1948, widely regarded as the father of modern statistics. to which he added a DSc degree, also from Cambridge, in 1965.

Rao’s groundbreaking paper, ‘Information and accuracy attainable in the estimation of statistical parameters’, was published in 1945 in the Bulletin of the Calcutta Mathematical Society, a journal that is otherwise not well known to the statistics community. The paper was subsequently included in the book Breakthroughs in Statistics, 1890–1990.

The Cramér-Rao inequality is the first of the three results of the 1945 paper. When we are estimating the unknown value of a parameter, we must be aware of the estimator’s margin of error. Rao’s work provided a lower limit on the variance of an unbiased estimate for a finite sample. The result has since become a cornerstone of mathematical statistics; researchers have extended it in many different ways, with applications even in quantum physics, signal processing, spectroscopy, radar systems, multiple-image radiography, risk analysis, and probability theory, among other fields.

The American statistician Morris H. DeGroot provided an intriguing account of how Rao arrived at the lower limit in an article that appeared in the journal Statistical Science in 1987. Prof. Fisher had already established an asymptotic (i.e., when the sample size is very large) version of the inequality, and it seems a student had asked Rao, “Why don’t you prove it for finite samples?” in 1944. A then-24-year-old Rao did so in under 24 hours!

Given the magnitude and relevance of his contributions, it might seem surprising that Rao entered the field of statistics by chance.

Despite scoring first in mathematics at Andhra University, a 19-year-old Rao didn’t secure a scholarship there for administrative reasons. He was also rejected for a mathematician’s job at an army survey unit because he was judged to be too young.

When he was staying at a hotel in Calcutta, he met a man who was employed in Bombay and had been sent to Calcutta to be trained at the Indian Statistical Institute. He asked Rao to apply to the institute as well. Rao did so for a year-long training program in statistics, hoping the additional qualification would help him land a job.
P.C. Mahalanobis, then director of the institute, replied promptly, and Rao was enrolled. That marked the beginning of a four-decade-long stay at the institute. Rao retired in 1979 and afterwards settled in the U.S.

As Lehmann wrote, Rao was “the person who did the most to continue Mahalanobis’s work as a leader of statistics in India.”

“In statistics, there is nothing like a fixed set of knowledge, and all previous knowledge goes obsolete once a new set is developed,” says Prof. Rao.

Let’s draw inspiration from Prof. Rao’s life and work.


No. – 158, Date: 18th June 2023
Theme: Food Preservation

Perhaps humans (Homo Sapiens) are the only creatures on earth who cook their food using fire and other means (sun rays, steam, heating by electrical induction, micro-waves, etc.). They also process, preserve, and store food for their own and others’ consumption at a later stage.

Foods are preserved for various reasons

Extended Shelf Life: Preservation methods help to extend the shelf life of perishable foods, allowing them to be stored and consumed over a longer period. This is particularly important for foods that have a short natural lifespan, such as fruits, vegetables, dairy products, and meat.

Seasonal Availability: Many foods have a specific growing season or are only available in certain regions. Preservation techniques enable us to enjoy these foods throughout the year by capturing them at their peak freshness and storing them for later use.

Food Security: Food preservation plays a critical role in ensuring food security, especially in regions or times when food supplies may be limited. By preserving food during times of abundance, we can create reserves that can be accessed during times of scarcity or emergencies.

Convenience: Preserved foods provide convenience and flexibility in meal planning and preparation. Canned, frozen, or dried foods offer quick and easy meal options that can be readily available, especially when fresh ingredients are not accessible or time is limited.

Reduced Food Waste: Food preservation helps to reduce food waste by preventing spoilage and extending the usability of food items. By preserving surplus or excess food, we can avoid unnecessary discarding and make efficient use of available resources.

Nutritional Value: Certain preservation methods help retain the nutritional value of foods. Freezing, for example, can help preserve vitamins and minerals in fruits and vegetables, ensuring they remain nutritious even after storage.

Cost Savings: Preserving food at home or through commercial means can lead to cost savings. Buying food in bulk or during seasonal abundance and preserving it for later use can help reduce overall food costs.

Cultural and Traditional Significance: Preservation techniques often have deep cultural and traditional significance. They allow communities to preserve their traditional recipes, flavors, and food practices, maintaining their cultural identity across generations.

Various ways of food preservation:There are several methods used for food preservation.

Canning: Canning involves sealing food in airtight containers (such as jars or cans) and heating them to destroy microorganisms and enzymes that can cause spoilage. This method is commonly used for fruits, vegetables, meats, and soups. The two main canning methods are water bath canning (for acidic foods) and pressure canning (for low-acid foods).

Freezing: Freezing involves lowering the temperature of food to below freezing point to slow down microbial growth and enzymatic activity. Freezing helps preserve the quality and nutritional value of many foods, including fruits, vegetables, meats, seafood, and prepared meals. Proper packaging, such as airtight containers or freezer bags, is essential to prevent freezer burn.

Drying/Dehydration: Drying removes moisture from food, inhibiting the growth of microorganisms. There are various drying methods, including sun drying, air drying, and using specialized food dehydrators or ovens. Drying is commonly used for fruits, vegetables, herbs, and jerky.

Salting: Salting involves applying salt to food to draw out moisture, making it inhospitable for microorganisms. This method is often used for preserving meats, fish, and some vegetables (e.g., pickles).

Smoking: Smoking exposes food to smoke from burning wood or other materials, imparting flavor and creating an acidic environment that inhibits bacterial growth. Smoking is commonly used for meats, fish, and cheeses.

Fermentation: Fermentation involves the conversion of carbohydrates into alcohol, organic acids, or gases by microorganisms like yeast or bacteria. Fermentation can preserve and transform food, enhancing flavor and texture. Examples include fermented vegetables (e.g., sauerkraut, kimchi), fermented dairy products (e.g., yogurt, cheese), and fermented beverages (e.g., wine, beer).

Pickling: Pickling involves preserving food in an acidic solution, usually vinegar or brine. The acidity inhibits microbial growth. Pickling is commonly used for vegetables, fruits, and eggs.

Vacuum Packaging: Vacuum packaging removes air from around the food and seals it in airtight packaging. This method helps inhibit the growth of spoilage-causing microorganisms and preserves the quality of the food. It is commonly used for meats, cheese, and other perishable items.

Pasteurization: Pasteurization involves heating food to a specific temperature to kill or inactivate pathogens and extend shelf life. It is commonly used for dairy products, juices, and some canned goods.
Each preservation method has its own advantages and is suitable for different types of foods. The choice of method depends on factors such as the type of food, desired shelf life, storage conditions, and personal preferences.

While food preservation using chemicals can be effective, there are potential health issues associated with the use of certain chemical preservatives. It’s significant to note that food safety authorities regulate the use of chemicals in food preservation to ensure that their use is within acceptable limits and doesn’t pose serious health risks.

Some concerns associated with the use of chemical preservatives

Allergic Reactions: Some individuals may be sensitive or allergic to certain chemical preservatives. For example, sulfites, which are commonly used in dried fruits, wine, and processed foods, can trigger allergic reactions, including asthma attacks, in susceptible individuals.

Adverse Effects on Health: Certain chemical preservatives, such as nitrites and nitrates, are used in cured meats like bacon and hot dogs. These compounds can form nitrosamines, which are potential carcinogens. Prolonged and excessive consumption of foods containing nitrites and nitrates may increase the risk of certain cancers.

Sodium Intake: Some chemical preservatives, such as sodium benzoate and sodium nitrate, contain sodium. Excessive sodium intake is associated with various health issues, including high blood pressure, heart disease, and kidney problems. It is important to monitor overall sodium consumption and choose low-sodium alternatives when possible.

Additive Interactions: Some chemical preservatives may interact with other additives or ingredients in food, resulting in the formation of potentially harmful compounds. For example, the combination of nitrites and certain amines found in meat can produce nitrosamines, which are associated with increased cancer risk.

Development of Antibiotic Resistance: Antibiotics are sometimes used as preservatives in certain foods, such as poultry and seafood. Overuse or improper use of antibiotics can contribute to the development of antibiotic-resistant bacteria, which can pose significant health risks and make infections harder to treat.

To address these concerns, regulatory agencies set maximum allowable levels for chemical preservatives in food products. They also evaluate the safety of these additives based on scientific evidence and conduct risk assessments to ensure they are used within safe limits.

Consumers can make informed choices by reading food labels, being aware of potential allergens or additives they wish to avoid, and opting for fresh, minimally processed foods whenever possible. It’s important to follow dietary guidelines, maintain a balanced diet, and consult healthcare professionals if there are specific health concerns or sensitivities.

People living in urban areas will not be able to stop consuming processed and preserved foods completely due to their busy working schedules and other engagements.

One can minimize health damage by consuming home-made food and fresh fruits and vegetables.


No. – 157, Date: 11th June 2023
Theme: It’s all AI from ELIZA to ChatGPT

Since its launch on November 30, 2022, by the USA-based company Open AI, ChatGPT has made sensations through information technology around the world. ChatGPT has become a WonderBot and is being applied to many fields, i.e., business, marketing, media, health care, education, entertainment, agriculture, defence, etc.

I asked ChatGPT, “What is ChatGPT?” and the answer is below.

“ChatGPT is an AI-powered chatbot based on OpenAI’s GPT (Generative Pre-trained Transformer) architecture.
GPT is a state-of-the-art language model that uses deep learning techniques to generate human-like text based on the given input. OpenAI’s GPT-3.5 is one of the largest language models developed, trained on a massive amount of text data from the internet.

ChatGPT is designed to engage in natural language conversations with users, providing information, answering questions, and engaging in discussions on a wide range of topics. It can understand and generate text, making it capable of simulating human-like conversation. ChatGPT has been trained on a vast array of topics, enabling it to provide knowledgeable responses and assist users in various domains.
However, it’s important to note that ChatGPT is an AI model and its responses are generated based on patterns in the training data. While it strives to provide accurate and helpful information, there may be instances where its responses are incorrect or misleading. It’s always a good idea to verify information from reliable sources.

What is Chatbot ?

A chatbot is a computer program or an AI (Artificial Intelligence) system designed to simulate human conversation through text or voice interactions. It uses natural language processing (NLP) and machine learning techniques to understand and respond to user queries or commands.

Chatbots can be found in various platforms, such as messaging applications, websites, or voice assistants. They are programmed to handle a range of tasks, including answering frequently asked questions, providing customer support, assisting with transactions, offering recommendations, and engaging in general conversation.

There are two main types of chatbots:

Rule-based chatbots: These chatbots follow predefined rules and patterns. They are programmed with a set of if-then statements that determine their responses based on specific keywords or patterns in the user’s input. Rule-based chatbots are relatively simple and can provide accurate responses within their predefined scope, but they may struggle with understanding complex or unexpected queries.

AI-powered chatbots: These chatbots utilize artificial intelligence techniques, such as machine learning and natural language processing, to understand and generate responses. They are trained on large datasets and can handle a broader range of user inputs. AI-powered chatbots can learn from interactions, improve their responses over time, and adapt to different contexts. They are more flexible and capable of engaging in more natural and dynamic conversations.

Both types of chatbots have their advantages and limitations, depending on the complexity of the task and the desired user experience. Chatbots have gained popularity due to their ability to automate customer interactions, provide 24/7 support, and enhance user experiences by offering quick and personalized responses.

What is Artificial Intelligence (AI) ?

Artificial Intelligence (AI) refers to the simulation of human intelligence in machines that are programmed to think and learn like humans. It is a multidisciplinary field of computer science that aims to create intelligent systems capable of perceiving, reasoning, learning, and making decisions.

AI systems typically employ techniques such as machine learning, natural language processing, computer vision, and robotics to process and analyze large amounts of data, extract patterns and insights, and perform tasks that traditionally required human intelligence.

Machine Learning (ML) is a subset of AI that focuses on developing algorithms and models that enable machines to learn from data and improve their performance over time without being explicitly programmed. ML algorithms learn from examples and experiences to recognize patterns, make predictions, or take actions.

There are different levels of AI, including:

Narrow AI: Also known as weak AI, narrow AI is designed to perform specific tasks or solve particular problems. Examples include voice assistants like Siri or Alexa, recommendation systems, and image recognition algorithms.

General AI: Also referred to as strong AI or artificial general intelligence (AGI), general AI aims to possess the ability to understand, learn, and apply knowledge across a wide range of tasks and domains. It represents human-level intelligence and is capable of performing any intellectual task that a human being can do.

Superintelligent AI: This refers to AI systems that surpass human intelligence across all domains. Superintelligent AI is hypothetical and represents a level of intelligence that exceeds human capabilities in virtually every aspect.

AI has numerous applications across various fields, including healthcare, finance, transportation, manufacturing, education, and more. It has the potential to automate repetitive tasks, enhance decision-making, improve efficiency, and unlock new possibilities for innovation and problem-solving. However, the development of AI also raises important ethical, social, and economic considerations that need to be carefully addressed.

The Hindu Editorial (3rd June 2023) on AI

Generative artificial intelligence (AI) is AI that can create new data. There are many instances of generative AI in the world today, most commonly used to generate text, images, and code in response to users’ requests, even if they are capable of more. Their widespread adoption really embellished their capabilities, leading to awe, then worry. OpenAI’s ChatGPT chatbot mimics intelligence very well; today, it has become synonymous with the abilities of generative AI at large. In the last few years, AI models backed by neural networks trained on very large datasets and with access to sufficient computing power have been used to do good, such as finding new antibiotics and alloys, for clever entertainment and cultural activities, and for many banal tasks, but it has caught attention most notably with its ability to falsify data. The world is past being able to reliably differentiate between data that faithfully reflects reality and data made to look that way by bad-faith actors using AI. This and other developments led a prominent group of AI pioneers to draft a single-sentence, and alarmist, statement: “Mitigating the risk of extinction from AI should be a global priority alongside other societal-scale risks such as pandemics and nuclear war.” Dishonest actors wielding AI are one of many threats, but the statement is too simple to admit the complexity of human society.

Bishnu 🙏

A Few Interesting Information:
# Google also launched its experimental Genrative AI chatbot, namely BARD, on February 3, 2023.

# Joseph Weizenbaum of MIT created ELIZA in 1966, which was the first innovative chatbot. It was designed to mimic human conversation and interact with humans.

# Nearly 77 percent of all devices use AI technology in one form or another. The global AI market is booming and is predicted to reach 190 billion dollars by 2025, at a compound annual growth rate of 36 percent.

# Dall-E is an AI system developed by OpenAI creates art from virtually any natural language description using AI and ML.

# Kismet is a robot that can recognise emotions through human body language and voice tone.

# Sophia, the humanoid (robot) developed by Hanson Robotics, is the most advanced human like robot. She an excellent combination of science, engineering, and artistry with AI powered communication skills. Sophia became the world’s first robot citizen.

# SmarterChild is a chatbot running on the AOL Instant Messenger and MSN Messenger networks.

# IBM created a chatbot named WATSON in 2006 as a conversational agent.

# StarCraft II, Chess Checkers, and Poker are some of the games where artificial intelligence has beaten human intelligence.

# There are several movies with serious AI-plots. The best examples include The Iron Man series, The Avengers and The Terminator.

# In the short story, The Sandman, written by the German writer E.T.A. Hoffmann in 1816, there is an AI character that is so convincingly real that the protagonist falls in love with her. Only later did he realise that the creature was so smitten by was a machine.

No. – 156, Date: 4th June 2023
Theme: Tragic Train Accident in Odisha

One of the most horrific train accidents of the 21st century occurred on June 2, 2023 (Friday) at 6.55 p.m. in Odisha (Bahanaga, Balasore).

Shalimar, Chennai The Coromandel Express (12841), running at 128 km per hour, took the wrong track instead of the assigned main track and crashed into a goods train stationed there. 21 coaches of the Coromanel Express derailed, and three of them jumped into an adjacent track. At the same time (6.55 pm), the Yeshwantpur (Bengaluru)-Howrah Superfast Express (12864) arrived in the downline. Derailed Coromandel coaches hit the rear parts of this Howrah-bound Yeshwantpur express. Two coaches of the Yeshwantpur Express also derailed in the impact.

Approximately 288 train passengers lost their lives and more than 900 were injured in that three-train collision. Our deepest condolences to the family members who lost their loved ones.

A preliminary probe has indicated that a signalling failure may have caused the collision.

In its report for 2022, the Comptroller and Auditor General of India (CAG) stated that Indian Railways, with its 17 zonal railways, works as a single system consisting of 65,956 route kilometres of track on which more than 21,648 trains run, carrying about 22.15 million passengers and hauling nearly 3.32 million metric tonnes of freight every day (published in The New Indian Express, Bhubaneswar, June 4, 2023).

The total number of cases of derailment-led consequential crashes since 2017-18 is 246. Year-wise derailments and crashes are 2017–18: 257 (55), 2018–19: 526 (48). 2019–20: 399 (45), 2020–21: 210 (15). 2021–22: 468 (35) and 2022–23: Derailment data is not available, but there were 48 crashes. (Published in The New Indian Express, Bhubaneswar, June 4, 2023).

The Indian Railway has indigenously developed an anti-collision system called KAVACH. Kavach works with the support of high-frequency radio communication and automatically activates the breaking system when it spots two trains coming on the same rail track from opposite directions. It warns the train pilots and takes control of breaking systems on trains. The covered system currently covers only 1,445 route kilometres. Sadly, neither the Coromandel Express nor the Yeshwantpur Express are covered under the KAVACH system.

The Indian Railway, the Government of Odisha, West Bengal, Tamil Nadu, the Govt. of India, and people are doing their best in rescue operations, treating injured people, and restoring the train line.

Let’s hope there are no such terrific train accidents in the future.


No. – 155, Date: 28th May 2023
Theme: New Parliament Building of India

The Hon’ble Prime Minister today inaugurated the new Parliament Building, which is India’s new home of democracy.

The existing parliament building, which has been operational since 1927, will be converted into a “Museum of Democracy.

The new parliamentary building has four floors and a triangular shape modelled after the lotus for the Rajya Sabha and the peacock for the Lok Sabha, which are India’s national symbols.

The three main entrances of the parliament building are given Indian names, i.e., Gyan Dwar, Shakti Dwar, and Karma Dwar.

There are 888 seats in the Lok Sabha and 384 seats in the Rajya Sabha. The Lok Sabha premises can house 1,272 members in a joint session.

The new parliament building is being developed as an eco-friendly, modern communication and security structure with an energy-saving structure with Indian heritage and diversity to represent different aspects of our country. Teak wood from Nagpur (Maharashtra), carpets from Mirzapur (UP), bamboo from Tripura, and stone carvings from Rajsthan are used in the building.

The new building has a “People’s Wall” dedicated to different art forms of the country, i.e., Kohbar and Sohrai paintings from Jharkhand, Patochitro from West Bengal, Kalamkari from Andhra Pradesh, and many other tribal and local arts across states.

Our constitution entrusts Parliament with the power to pass laws. It is a responsibility that requires careful consideration of every aspect of the law before Parliament puts its stamp of approval on it.

Apart from making laws, the parliament is engaged in many functions, i.e., legislative function, financial function, debating function, constituent function, electoral function, judicial representation, representation, control of the executive and ensuring its accountability, etc.

Let’s hope members of Parliament (people’s representatives) uphold our constitution and fulfil people’s aspirations while working from the new Parliament building of India.

Bishnu 🙏

No. – 154, Date: 21st May 2023
Theme: Life Beyond Work

Work plays a crucial role in our lives and holds several important aspects:

Economic Security: Work is essential for meeting our basic needs, such as food, shelter, clothing, and healthcare. It provides us with the means to support ourselves and our families, ensuring economic security and stability.

Personal Fulfillment: Engaging in meaningful work that aligns with our passions, interests, and values can bring a deep sense of personal fulfilment. It allows us to express our talents, skills, and creativity and provides a platform for personal growth and self-actualization.

Social Interaction: Work often involves collaboration and interaction with colleagues, clients, or customers. It provides opportunities to build relationships, foster social connections, and develop a sense of belonging. Meaningful connections at work can enhance our well-being and contribute to a positive work environment.

Sense of Purpose: Work can give us a sense of purpose and direction in life. Having goals to strive for and a sense of contributing to something larger than ourselves can provide a sense of meaning and fulfilment. It gives structure and direction to our lives and helps us find a sense of identity and achievement.

Contribution to Society: Work plays a vital role in the functioning and progress of society. Whether through providing goods, services, innovations, or expertise, work allows individuals to contribute to the betterment of their communities and society as a whole. It enables social and economic development, fosters innovation, and improves the quality of life for individuals and communities.

While work can bring numerous benefits, it’s also important to recognize that certain negative impacts can arise.

Stress and Burnout: Excessive work demands, long hours, and high levels of pressure can lead to chronic stress and burnout. This can have detrimental effects on both physical and mental health, causing exhaustion, anxiety, depression, and other stress-related disorders.

Strained Relationships: When work becomes all-consuming, it can strain relationships with family, friends, and loved ones. Long hours and work-related stress can result in reduced quality time spent with loved ones, conflicts, and a lack of work-life balance, leading to relationship difficulties and social isolation.

Health Issues: Sedentary work environments, repetitive tasks, and poor ergonomics can contribute to physical health problems such as musculoskeletal disorders, obesity, and cardiovascular issues. Additionally, high stress levels and a lack of self-care due to work demands can lead to neglecting one’s health, including exercise, sleep, and proper nutrition.

Reduced Quality of Life: When work takes precedence over other important areas of life, such as personal interests, hobbies, and leisure activities, it can result in a diminished quality of life. Neglecting personal fulfilment and overall well-being in favour of work can lead to feelings of emptiness, dissatisfaction, and a lack of work-life balance.

Lack of Autonomy and Job Dissatisfaction: Work environments that lack autonomy, creativity, and opportunities for growth can lead to job dissatisfaction and disengagement. Feeling trapped in a monotonous or unfulfilling job can have negative effects on mental well-being and overall life satisfaction.

Workaholism and Overwork: A culture that glorifies overwork and encourages excessive dedication to work can contribute to workaholism and an imbalance between work and personal life. Constantly prioritising work over other aspects of life can lead to a sense of loss of control, reduced enjoyment of leisure time, and a lack of self-care.

Impact on Mental Health: In some cases, work-related stress, pressure, and toxic work environments can contribute to mental health issues such as anxiety, depression, and even work-related psychological disorders. High levels of job demands, unrealistic expectations, and a lack of support can significantly impact mental well-being.

Creating a healthy work-life balance, setting boundaries, practising self-care, seeking support when needed, and cultivating a positive work environment are essential to mitigating these negative effects and promoting overall well-being. Fulfilment in both work and other areas of life is key to overall well-being.

The Wheel of Life

The Wheel of Life is an effective tool that enables one to see all the significant aspects of the way one lives in a single, comprehensive snapshot. It is a technique that life coaches frequently employ in order to provide their clients with a “bird’s-eye” view of their lives. The wheel enables one to have a better understanding of which aspects (i.e. work, health, finance, family, friends, community, recreation, spirituality etc.) of your life are thriving and which ones require the attention by providing a visual depiction of all the facets of your life at the same time, which you can view simultaneously.

The original idea behind the Wheel of Life came from industry pioneer Paul J. Meyer in the 1960s to help people realize their goals.

While the wheel today has many different forms and names, including the Life Balance Wheel, Coaching Wheel, and the Wheel of Success, they share a common purpose: transformation.

The Wheel of Life exercise is widely used in coaching and beyond and offers a practical and flexible tool for clients to assess their needs and set goals aligned with their core values.

Everyone strives to combine their professional responsibilities with an enjoyable and well-balanced life for themselves. However, consistent daily practice and a persistent commitment are required.

Bishnu 🙏

No. – 153, Date: 14th May 2023
Theme: Creative Advertisement Happy Sunday and Happy Mother’s Day

wishes to all

I am pre-occupied with certain works today. So I am unable to make notes on this video. There is no Gyan (advice), no reference, and no links to other videos today Just enjoy this small video clip.

Bishnu 🙏

No. – 152, Date: 30th April 2023
Theme: The WhatsApp Story

WhatsApp has become a big part of our lives (personal, family, friends, office, social, learning, entertainment, relaxing, business, etc.). Up until some other apps take control of it or the government bans it, it will continue.

As of April 2023, WhatsApp had the highest number of monthly active users among messaging apps (Signal, Viber, WeChat, Telegram etc.) with over 2 billion (200 crore) users worldwide (180 countries in 60 languages) Other messaging apps with large user bases include Facebook Messenger with over 1.5 billion users, WeChat with over 1.2 billion users (mostly in China), and Telegram with over 700 million users.

Jan Koum is a computer programmer and entrepreneur best known as the co-founder of WhatsApp, one of the world’s most popular messaging applications. Koum was born in Ukraine in 1976, and he moved to the United States with his family when he was 16 years old. He developed an interest in computers and programming and eventually landed a job at Yahoo as an infrastructure engineer.

The story of WhatsApp begins in 2009 when Jan Koum and Brian Acton, both former Yahoo employees, founded the company. The idea for the app came from Koum’s frustration with missing phone calls while he was at the gym as well as the high cost of SMS messaging which made it difficult to stay in touch with his friends and family in other countries.

Koum and Acton developed a messaging app that used the Internet to send messages, photos, and videos without any SMS charges The app was simple and easy to use, with a focus on privacy and security. They launched WhatsApp on the App Store in 2009, and it quickly gained popularity, especially in countries with high SMS charges or limited Internet access.

In 2014, Facebook (META) acquired WhatsApp for $19 billion one of the largest tech acquisitions in history. Koum and Acton continued to lead the company under Facebook’s ownership, but both eventually resigned in 2018 amid reported disagreements with Facebook over data privacy and encryption.

Over the years, WhatsApp continued to add features, including voice and video calls, group messaging, and end-to-end encryption, which ensured that only the sender and recipient could read messages.

Unique features of WhatsApp

End-to-end encryption: WhatsApp uses end-to-end encryption to ensure that only the sender and recipient of a message can read it. This means that even WhatsApp itself cannot read the messages.

Voice and video calls: In addition to text messaging, WhatsApp also offers voice and video calling, which can be used to make free calls to other WhatsApp users anywhere in the world.

Group messaging: WhatsApp allows users to create groups with up to 256 members, making it easy to communicate with multiple people at once. Group admins can also set group rules and restrict who can send messages in the group.

Status updates: WhatsApp users can share status updates, which are similar to Instagram stories, with their contacts. These updates can include photos, videos, and text.

WhatsApp Web: WhatsApp Web is a feature that allows users to access their WhatsApp account on a desktop or laptop computer. This can be useful for people who prefer to type on a keyboard or who want to use WhatsApp while working on a computer.

File sharing: WhatsApp allows users to send and receive a variety of file types, including photos, videos, documents, and voice messages. This makes it easy to share files with friends and colleagues.

Some potential negative effects of using WhatsApp

Addiction and distraction: Like many social media and messaging apps, WhatsApp can be addictive and can distract users from other activities, such as work or study. Constant notifications and the need to check for new messages can also be a source of stress and anxiety.

Spread of misinformation: WhatsApp has been criticised for its role in spreading fake news and misinformation, which can have serious consequences, especially during times of crisis or elections. While the app has taken steps to combat this issue, it remains a concern.

Privacy concerns: While WhatsApp offers end-to-end encryption, which provides a high level of privacy and security, there have been concerns about the app’s data-sharing practises with its parent company, Facebook. Some users may also be uncomfortable with the app collecting data on their usage patterns and contacts.

Cybersecurity risks: Like all digital platforms, WhatsApp is vulnerable to cybersecurity risks, such as hacking and phishing. Malicious actors or scammers may also target users in an effort to steal their personal information or infect their devices with malware.

WhatsApp is a powerful communication tool that can help you stay in touch with family, friends, and colleagues.

Use the following WhatsApp tips effectively and get the most out of its features.

Complete your profile: Set up your profile picture and status, and ensure that your name and phone number are correct. This helps people recognise you and know who they are chatting with.

Secure your account: Set up two-step verification to protect your account from unauthorised access. This adds an extra layer of security to your account and prevents others from accessing your messages and data.

Use WhatsApp Web: If you are working on your computer, you can use WhatsApp Web to access your chats on a bigger screen. This is especially useful when you want to type longer messages.

Organise your contacts: Create groups for your family, friends, colleagues, or any other categories that you want to keep separate. This helps you keep track of who you’re talking to and what you’re discussing.

Customise notifications: You can choose to receive notifications for all messages, only from specific people or groups, or turn off notifications completely This allows you to manage your notifications and avoid getting overwhelmed. You can mute an individual or group chat; you will not receive any notifications for new messages in that chat. However, you can still see the messages by opening the chat.

Use broadcast lists: You can send a message to multiple people at once without creating a group by using the broadcast list feature. This is useful when you want to send a message to multiple people who are not in the same group.

Pin important chats: You can pin important chats to the top of your chat list by long-pressing on the chat and selecting “Pin Chat”.

Format your messages: You can format your messages on WhatsApp by using certain symbols. For example, put an asterisk () before and after a word to make it *bold or use an underscore () before and after a word to make it _italic

Reply to a specific message: You can reply to a specific message in a conversation by long-pressing on it and tapping the reply icon or other icons for specific things.

Starred Messages: You can easily save and find important messages by tapping and holding on a message and selecting the star icon.

Backup your chats: It’s a good idea to backup your WhatsApp chats regularly in case you need to restore them later.

Create shortcuts: If you frequently message certain contacts, you can create shortcuts on your home screen for quick access.

Use WhatsApp for business: If you have a small business, you can use WhatsApp Business to connect with your customers. This allows you to send automated messages, provide customer support, and manage your business profile.

Bishnu 🙏

No. – 151, Date: 30th April 2023
Theme: Solar Thermal Power Plant

India One” is a 1 MW electrical Solar Thermal Power Plant with 16 hours thermal energy storage allowing for round the clock operation. This captive power plant supplies power to Brahma Kumaris headquarters in Abu Road, Rajasthan with total capacity of 25,000 people.
(15 minutes full video of India One Solar Thermal Power Plant)

India One” is a 1 MW electrical Solar Thermal Power Plant has been partly funded by Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation, Building and Nuclear Safety (BMUB), Government of Germany within the bilateral “ComSolar” initiative, executed for them through the German development agency, GIZ and Ministry of New and Renewable Energy, Government of India under R&D Scheme.

Energy from the Sun

The sun has produced energy for billions of years and is the ultimate source for all of the energy sources and fuels that we use. People have used the sun’s rays (solar radiation) for thousands of years for warmth and to dry clothes, fruits, nuts, grains etc. Over time, people developed technologies to collect solar energy for heat and to convert it into electricity.

Solar energy can be harvested and utilized in several ways, depending on the application and the amount of energy required.
Some of the most common methods of harvesting solar energy:

Solar Photovoltaic (PV) Panels: Solar PV panels are the most widely used technology for harvesting solar energy. They convert sunlight directly into electricity using semiconductor materials such as silicon.
Solar photovoltaic (PV) devices, or solar cells, convert sunlight directly into electricity. Small PV cells can power calculators, watches, and other small electronic devices. Larger solar cells are grouped in PV panels, and PV panels are connected in arrays that can produce electricity for a house, run irrigation pumps, machinery & equipment etc. Some PV power plants have large arrays that cover many acres to produce electricity for thousands of homes and other uses.

Solar Thermal Collectors: Solar thermal collectors use the energy from sunlight to heat a fluid, which can then be used to produce hot water, steam, or electricity. There are two main types of solar thermal collectors: flat-plate collectors and concentrating collectors.

A solar oven (a box for collecting and absorbing sunlight) is an example of a simple solar energy collection device. In the 1830s, British astronomer John Herschel used a solar oven to cook food during an expedition to Africa. People now use many different technologies for collecting and converting solar radiation into useful heat energy for a variety of purposes.

We use solar thermal energy systems to heat:

  • Water for homes, buildings, etc.
  • Air inside homes, greenhouses, and other buildings
  • Fluids in solar thermal power plants

Concentrated Solar Power (CSP): Concentrated Solar Power systems use mirrors or lenses to focus sunlight onto a small area, which generates heat that is used to produce electricity. This method is often used in large-scale power plants.

Solar thermal power/electric generation systems collect and concentrate sunlight to produce the high temperature heat needed to generate electricity. All solar thermal power systems have solar energy collectors with two main components: reflectors (mirrors) that capture and focus sunlight onto a receiver. In most types of systems, a heat-transfer fluid is heated and circulated in the receiver and used to produce steam. The steam is converted into mechanical energy in a turbine, which powers a generator to produce electricity. Solar thermal power systems have tracking systems that keep sunlight focused onto the receiver throughout the day as the sun changes position in the sky. Solar thermal power plants usually have a large field or array of collectors that supply heat to a turbine and generator.

Passive Solar Design: Passive solar design uses the sun’s energy to heat and cool buildings without the use of mechanical systems. This can include designing buildings with large windows that face south to capture the sun’s warmth in the winter, or using natural ventilation to cool the building in the summer.

Solar Water Heating: Solar water heating systems use the sun’s energy to heat water for domestic or industrial use. This is achieved through the use of solar thermal collectors that heat a fluid, which in turn heats the water.

Solar energy has two main benefits

  • Solar energy systems do not produce air pollutants or carbon dioxide.
  • Solar energy systems on buildings have minimal effects on the environment.

Solar energy also has some limitations

  • The availability and amount of sunlight that arrives at the earth’s surface varies depending on time of day, location, season of the year, and weather conditions.
  • The amount of sunlight reaching a square foot of the earth’s surface is relatively small, so a large surface area is necessary to absorb or collect enough energy to be useful.

Information on various Solar Energy schemes of
Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE), GoI


No. – 150, Date: 23rd April 2023
Theme: Ramadan and Eid -ul- Fitr
Wishing Happy Eid -ul- Fitr to all 🙏

Ramadan (Ramzan) is the ninth month of the Islamic calendar and is considered to be the most sacred month for Muslims worldwide. It begins and ends with the appearance of the crescent moon.

During this month, Muslims observe a fast from dawn until sunset, abstaining from food, drink, smoking, and other physical needs. After the sunset prayer (Magrib), Muslims gather in their homes or mosques to break their fast with friends and extended family.

Ramadan is a time for spiritual reflection, prayer, and charitable acts. It is also a time when Muslims try to strengthen their relationships with God and with others in their community.

Ramadan (Ramzan) is special for Muslims for several reasons.

The fasting period of Ramadan is one of the five pillars of Islam (Shahada, Salah, Zakat, Sawm, and Hajj).

It is a time when Muslims believe that the Quran was first revealed to the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him), making it a month of great significance in the Islamic calendar.

Ramadan is a time of spiritual reflection, self-discipline, and increased devotion to God. Muslims fast during the day and spend more time in prayer and reading the Quran, which is believed to bring them closer to God and strengthen their faith.

Ramadan is a time of community and solidarity as Muslims come together to break their fasts at sunset and share meals with family, friends, and neighbours.

Charitable acts and donations are also encouraged during this month, as Muslims are reminded of the importance of helping those in need.

Ramadan culminates in the celebration of Eid -ul-Fitr, which is a time of joy and festivity as Muslims gather to celebrate the end of the month-long fast and thank God for his blessings.

Overall, Ramadan is a month of spiritual renewal, community building, and increased devotion to God for Muslims around the world.

At the end of Ramadan, Muslims celebrate Eid -ul- Fitr, which is a festival that marks the end of the month-long fast. Special prayers, feasting, and gift-giving are all part of the festive celebration of Eid al-Fitr.

Prophet Muhammad has observed that “Eid -ul- Fitr is a day of divine reward for fasting during Ramzan“. Thus, the day of Eid becomes a day of joy when Muslims thank God for his blessings.

The Prophet once said, “The believer befriends. There is no good in those who do not befriend or be befriended, said Musnad al-Bazzar”. 8919.

The Prophet observed that an exchange of gifts promotes love in society.

Real happiness lies in sharing the bounty that God has given us with others. One of the main reasons for celebrating Eid is to spread joy and greetings among all.

By sharing happiness, we can make this world a better place.

Bishnu 🙏

PS :The five pillars of Islam are the fundamental religious obligations that are central to the practice of Islam.

I. Shahada: The declaration of faith, which is the affirmation that there is no God but Allah and Muhammad (PBUH) is the messenger of Allah.

II. Salah: The obligatory daily prayers, which are performed five times a day.

III. Zakat is the giving of alms to the poor and needy, which is an obligation on Muslims who are financially able to do so. i.e., 2.5% of Muslim total savings and wealth above a minimum amount known as Nisab

IV. Sawm: fasting during the month of Ramadan, which involves abstaining from food, drink, and other physical needs from dawn until sunset.

V. Hajj is the pilgrimage to Mecca, which is a mandatory religious duty for Muslims who are physically and financially able to make the journey.

No. – 149, Date: 16th April 2023
Theme: The Bystander Effect

People are less likely to help in a situation of crisis / urgent requirement if others are around, a phenomenon known as the bystander effect. People are less likely to take action when there are many others around because they anticipate that someone else will step in and manage the situation instead of them.

This phenomenon was initially examined following the 1964 murder of Kitty Genovese, where it was discovered that despite the presence of several witnesses, no one stepped in to help.

Negative outcomes may occur when people in need do not get the help they require due to the bystander effect.

The Bystander Effect in Organizations

The bystander effect can also be seen in organisations, where employees may be less likely to act or take responsibility when they think others know about a problem / issue.

The bystander effect can show up in different ways in the workplace. For example, employees may be less likely to report unethical or unsafe behaviour if they think their peers have seen / known the same thing. They may also be less likely to help or take responsibility in an occurrence if they think that other people will do the same.

This can be bad for organisations because it can lead to people not taking responsibility, a culture of silence, and a higher chance that accidents or unethical behaviour will go unnoticed.

How to overcome bystander effect

Realizing the problem and doing something about it are effective methods to overcome the bystander effect.

Recognize: In emergency situations, the bystander effect is a real possibility.
Recognize that you are accountable for your actions and that others may not share that responsibility.

Get moving As Soon As Possible: Don’t sit on your hands and do nothing. It becomes less likely that anyone else will step in the longer you wait.

Provide details: Be specific when you call for aid in an emergency. Call for aid or have that individual do anything by pointing at them.

Make it seem urgent by insisting that something be done right away if at all possible.

Involve other individuals; if others are nearby, ask for their assistance.
When in doubt, it’s best to phone the right people / authorities / emergency nos and get some support from a skilled professional.

Leaders / Managers can adopt training and policies that encourage employees to speak up, take responsibility, and act quickly in situations of crisis to stop the “bystander effect” in their organisations.

Creating a culture of accountability and open communication can also help people to feel that they have the power to act and report problems.

Bishnu 🙏

No. – 148, Date: 9th April 2023
Theme: Easter Sunday

Happy Easter wishes to All ☦️ 🙏

Easter Sunday is a special day for Christians all over the world. It commemorates the central event of Christianity: the resurrection of Jesus Christ from the dead.

Easter is a significant festival because it commemorates the ultimate redemption of humankind & victory of good over evil, light over darkness, and life over death.

Christians celebrate Easter with great jubilation and optimism because it is a day that reminds them that death is not the end but the beginning of something new. On this day, Christians around the world commemorate and rejoice over Jesus’s triumph over sin and death via his death on the cross.

Christians use Easter Sunday to recommit themselves to living according to Jesus’s example. Easter is a time for Christians to reflect on God and His love for the Human race “For God so loved the world that he gave his one and only Son, that whoever believes in him shall not perish but have eternal life.” – John 3:16 (The Holy Bible)

Easter Sunday is also a great occasion for social gatherings with loved ones. On Easter, many Christians celebrate with worship, egg hunts, and family feasts.

Easter Sunday is a significant day for Christians because it is the fulfillment of their religion, a time of renewed hope and joy, and a chance to contemplate the life and teachings of Jesus Christ.

Though the festival is mostly celebrated by Christians, God’s invitation is for the entire human race, for everyone.

The Holy Bible tells that Whosoever believes in the finished work of Jesus and His Name , will have Salvation (triumph over sin, self, fleshly desires, world & death) and Eternal Life. Book of Romans 10:13 (The Holy Bible)

Bishnu 🙏

No. – 147, Date: 2nd April 2023
Theme: Biomimicry: Nature as a Teacher

Yesterday (1st April 2023) I participated in an online workshop of IIT Madras (through NPTEL) on “Learning Innovations from Nature” got basis orientation on Biomimicry. Thanks to Shiva Subramaniam, Co – founder of Biomimicry Compass (An IIT Madras incubated company) and my co-learner of Inner Development Goals (Global Leadership program of IDG, Sweden).


Biomimicry is the practice that learns from and mimics the strategies found in nature to solve human design challenges and found find hope.

Biomimicry is about valuing nature for what we can learn, not what we can extract, harvest, or domesticate. In the process, we learn about ourselves, our purpose, and our connection to each other and our home on earth.

Biomimicry is a way to come up with new ideas and solve problems by looking at how nature designs, works, and solves problems. It means looking at how nature solves problems and copying them so that they can be used to solve human problems in a sustainable and effective way.

Biomimicry is used in a wide range of fields, from architecture and engineering to medicine and material science. For example, the streamlined shapes of birds and fish were used to design high-speed trains, and the way burrs stick to fur was used to make Velcro.

Biomimicry tells us to look at nature not just as a place to get things but also as a place to learn, get advice, and develop a deeper appreciation for the natural world. Biomimicry is the study of how nature works to make designs and technologies that are more resilient and long-lasting.

Biomimicry is innovation inspired by nature. In a society accustomed to dominating or ‘improving’ nature, this respectful imitation is a radically new approach, a revolution really. Unlike the Industrial Revolution, the Biomimicry Revolution introduces an era based not on what we can extract from nature, but on what we can learn from her.” – Janine Benyus, co-founder of the Biomimicry Institute

Due to the many negative effects of human activity on our planet, on the environment and on ecosystems across the world, earth’s natural life-support systems are rapidly declining and humanity’s survival is under threat. Business as usual with small adjustments will not be enough. A drastic change is needed in all realms of human activity, and the usual short-term solutions will not suffice.

Biomimicry offers a path towards sustainability. For all the challenges we face, nature has a solution. When it comes to innovation, nature offers 3.8 billion years’ worth of insights and clever adaptations. If we learn how to imitate nature’s genius, we give ourselves a“new way” to reinvent ourselves. Biomimicry is the “new way”.

Biomimicry has several important benefits and advantages:

Sustainability Biomimicry can lead to more sustainable designs and technologies that are in harmony with nature and do not deplete or harm the environment.

Efficiency Nature has already found efficient ways to deal with many problems, and by copying these solutions, we can often make products and processes that work better and are more efficient.

Innovation Biomimicry can help people think of new and creative ways to solve problems that may not have been thought of before.

Resilience Nature has evolved to be strong and able to adapt to changing conditions. By studying how it does this, we can make systems and designs that are more resilient.

Inspiration Biomimicry can help us learn more about and appreciate the natural world and see it as a source of ideas and knowledge.

There are numerous examples of biomimicry in various fields.

  1. The nose cone of the bullet train mimics the shape of the kingfisher’s beak to cut down on the noise generated when it emerges from tunnels.
  2. George de Mestral, a Swiss engineer, was the one who came up with Velcro after observing how burrs adhered to fur and clothing. He used the burrs as a model for a hook-and-loop fastening system and used it to make Velcro.
  3. Sharkskin-inspired swimsuits: To make faster, more streamlined swimsuits, swimsuit makers have made a material that looks and feels like sharkskin.
  4. Wind turbine blades: The shape of humpback whale fins, which have small bumps that reduce drag and increase lift, has been used as a model for wind turbine blades.

5.Self-healing materials: Scientists have made self-healing materials that work like some plants and animals that can fix themselves when they get hurt.

  1. Passive cooling systems: Architects have made buildings with cooling and ventilation systems that work like termite mounds and keep the same temperature no matter what the weather is like outside. (The Eastgate Centre building in Harare, Zimbabwe)

There is a difference: Learning about Nature and Learning from Nature

Biomimicry is different from

BIOPHILA: Love or liking of Nature, desire to remain close to Nature

BIOMORPHISM: Artistic design elements on naturally occurring patterns or shapes reminiscent of nature and living organisms.

BIOUTILIZATION: acquiring or harvesting a product or producer, such as gathering medicinal plants to obtain the medications they produce, or growing algae to make biofuels.

Biomimicry is from WOW to HOW about nature. Considering nature as a Teacher and learn from nature.

One can learn Biomimicry (Resource materials)

I. Biomimicry by Janine M Benyus

II. The Shark’s Paintbrush by Jay Harman

III. Biomimicry and Business by Margo Farnsworth

IV. ISHMAEL by Daniel Quinn


We can use Biomimicry to not only learn from nature’s wisdom, but also heal ourselves and our planet in the process.

Let’s strive to be better ancestors for the generation that will come after us.

Bishnu 🙏

No. – 146, Date: 26th March 2023
Theme: Dr. Lawrence Anthony – The Elephant Whisperer

Dr. Lawrence Anthony (17 September 1950 – 2 March 2012) was an international conservationist, environmentalist, explorer and bestselling author. He was the long-standing head of conservation at the Thula Thula animal reserve in Zululand, South Africa.

Anthony had a reputation for bold conservation initiatives, including the rescue of the Baghdad Zoo at the height of the US-led Coalition invasion of Iraq in 2003, and negotiations with the infamous Lord’s Resistance Army rebel army in Southern Sudan, to raise awareness of the environment and protect endangered species, including the last of the Northern White Rhinoceros.

In 1999 a turning point in career came when he was called by a conservation group to rescue a group of nine elephants who had escaped their enclosure and were wreaking havoc across Northern Mpumalanga, and were about to be shot. He tried to communicate with the matriarch of the herd through the tone of his voice and body language, eventually rescued them and brought to the reserve, and in time came to be known as “Elephant-whisperer

After his death, a group of wild elephants which he had helped rescue and rehabilitate walked up to his home on their own, and stood around in an apparent vigil for two days, before dispersing.

Anthony’s second book, The Elephant Whisperer, published by Pan Macmillan, tells the story of his adventures and relationship with a rescued herd of African elephants.

He was the founder of The Earth Organization.

The Lawrence Anthony Earth Organization is an international non-profit conservation organization that seeks to reverse the decline of the plant and animal kingdoms and our environment through education and action. It is committed to the creative and responsible rehabilitation of Planet Earth and bring new solutions to this field.

Our inability to think beyond ourselves or to be able to cohabit with other life forms in what is patently a massive collaborative quest for survival is surely a malady that pervades the human soul.” Dr. Lawrence Anthony

Cooperative = performed together for shared benefit
Ecology = the study of interactions between living creatures
Cooperative Ecology (CoEco) = the study of the mutual interdependency and cooperation of all life forms.

The term Cooperative Ecology was created by Dr. Lawrence Anthony to describe when all parts of an ecosystem, including people, work well together and cooperate toward the mutual benefit of all. To the degree that any one life form, including an individual person, makes decisions or takes actions that are more constructive than destructive towards the world, it helps to bring things into natural balance and alignment, and, as a result, that person or life form’s own potential to live a long and healthy life is enhanced.

The CoEco message underpins all we do and the importance of it cannot be overstated. It is what humankind must achieve if we are to ensure the survival and health of our planet and ourselves, individually and as a species.

Bishnu 🙏

No. – 145, Date: 12th March 2023
Theme: The Elephant Whisperers

This year, 2023, India was awarded two OSCARs. One for Naatu Naatu, a song in RRR, and another for the documentary short film The Elephant Whispers. Most of us watched the Naatu Naatu song several times, but very few might have watched The Elephant Whispers.

The Elephant Whispers unfolds almost like a children’s tale. We see a forest, a couple, an orphaned young elephant and their lives. When another baby elephant enters the household, the earlier one throws a jealous tantrum.

But the documentary film reveals to us a great deal more than that.
Threats to wildlife due to reckless and unsustainable development and climate change, human-animal conflict, love among them, the prospect of peaceful coexistence, etc.

The Elephant Whisperers tells the story of an indigenous couple named Bomman and Bellie who are entrusted with an orphaned baby Indian elephant named Raghu. They take great pains to ensure that the fragile, injured infant survives and grows to be a healthy juvenile. A strong bond develops between the couple and the elephant. Set in the Mudumalai National Park in the state of Tamil Nadu, India, the documentary also highlights the natural beauty of the location. It explores the life of the tribal people in harmony with nature.

The director Kartiki Gonsalves spent five years following human-elephant blended family belonging to Kattunayakan tribe to make this documentary. As she stated, “I met Raghu [the baby elephant] when he was exactly three months old,” she added, “I spent about a year and a half with him when he was a tiny baby before this became a documentary.”

The film is not just a heart-touching story of a bond between animal and human and co-existence, but also showcases Indian culture and tradition of environment conservation

The film whispers and doesn’t shout, but it conveys a deeper message to us.

Bishnu 🙏

No. – 144, Date: 12th March 2023
Theme: Linsay Pollak: The unique Musical Personality

Linsey Pollak is an Australian musician, instrument maker, composer, musical director, and community music facilitator.

Pollak has recorded 31 albums. He toured his solo shows extensively in Europe, North America and Asia as well as performing at most major festivals around Australia. He has devised many large festival pieces such as BimBamBoo and Sound Forest as well as collaborating on many music and theatre projects around Australia.

Linsay’s Project Dangerous Song is a performance piece that combines the human voice with the sounds of endangered and extinct animals to create an intriguing and moving musical performance. This musical collaboration between Linsey and Lizzie has created a new musical language. It takes us to a world of sound where the human and the animal combine. Linsey plays animal calls using a midi wind controller where breath, lip pressure and fingering control real animal call samples. He uses live looping technology to instantaneously record layers of music as he plays. Lizzie joins him weaving her voice in and out of the musical landscape of animal sounds.

Linsey makes music by live-looping self-invented instruments such as a paper clarinet, a drinking straw oboe, a Cylisax, a rubber glove bagpipe and “Mr Curly” (a contra-bass clarinet made from hose sounding like a 70’s synth). Using these instruments, he creates layers of music which will have audiences either spellbound or bopping in their seats.

He demystifies the process of musical instrument design and music itself.

Bishnu 🙏

No. – 143 Date: 5th March 2023
Theme: The Legendary Kalinga Veer Tall Man Biju Patnaik

Odisha is commemorating the 107th birthday of its great and brave son, Biju Patnaik, today, March 5, 2023.

The late Biju Patnaik was a tall man in many ways, not just height.

He was a daring and skilled pilot, a patriot freedom fighter, and nationalist, a great statesman and Member of Parliament, a Union minister, a loving Chief Minister of Odisha, and an inspirational leader to all.

He was a visionary industrialist who founded Kalinga Airline, Kalinga Tubes, and OTM in Choudwar, as well as OUAT, NALCO, the Talcher Thermal Power Plant, and the Paradip Port.

For his brave rescue mission and support to Indonesia’s freedom struggle, he was awarded the highest honours and affectionately known as the Bhumi Putra.

He established the international Kalinga Prize for popularising science and technology and entrusted it to UNESCO.

A Few Books on Biju Patnaik: I. Anil Dhir’s Biju Patnaik: India’s Last Buccaneer II. Sundar Ganesan’s The Tall Man: Biju Patnaik III. Debdas Chhotray’s Biju Babu IV. K.P. Mohanty’s Legendary Biju: The Man and the Mission

The famous Dakota (DC-3) plane flown by the late ace pilot Biju Patnaik is now on display at Bhubaneswar Airport in Odisha.

Humble Tribute to a great leader, visionary statesman, and architect of modern Odisha, who loved and cared for his people.

Bishnu 🙏

No. – 142, Date: 26th Feb. 2023
Theme: Padma Awardee of 2023

Padma Awards – one of the highest civilian Awards of the country, are conferred in three categories, namely, Padma Vibhushan, Padma Bhushan and Padma Shri.

The Awards are given in various disciplines / fields of activities, viz.- art, social work, public affair, science, medicine, literature and education, sports, etc. The awards are announced on the occasion of Republic Day every year.

The 2023 year list comprises 6 Padma Vibhushan, 9 Padma Bhushan and 91 Padma Shri Awards.

Work and contribution of few Padma awardees

Dr Dilip Mahalanabis, who saved millions of lives by promoting the use of Oral Rehydration Solution (ORS), awarded the Padma Vibhushan posthumously.

Distinguished educator, author, and philanthropist Sudha Murty was awarded the Padma Bhushan

Dr. Janum Singh Soy (retired from Kolhan University, Jharkhand) received the Padma Shri for his work in preserving and promoting the “Ho” language through six books on the tribe’s culture and lifestyle.

Odisha’s master puppeteer Maguni Charan Kuanr was treated as a social outcast when he took up the profession of puppetry decades ago,.

Rani Machaiah, 79, has strived hard to promote and preserve Kodava culture by teaching the ‘Ummathat’ folk dance to over 10,000 children awarded Padma Shri award.

Billionaire investor Rakesh Jhunjhunwala, who died at the age of 62 on last year, has been conferred the Padma Shri posthumously. Rakesh Jhunjhunwala was awarded the Padma Shri in the field of trade and industry.

K Sanathoiba Sharma is a well-known instructor of Thang-Ta, the indigenous martial art (art of the sword and spear) of Manipur awarded Padma Shri.

Bishnu 🙏

No. – 141, Date: 19th Feb. 2023
Theme: Mr. Hamad, from Abu Dhabi, is a car lover, collector, and “redesigner.”

Mr. Hamad, from Abu Dhabi, is a car lover, collector, and “redesigner.” He has a car museum” with 3,000 cars (of various shapes and designs) in working condition. Few people have unique interests and hobbies.
Philatelist : A person who collects postal stamps

Numismatist : A person who collects coins, paper currency, and tokens

Bibliophile : A person who collects books, magazines, newspapers, and printed materials

Vintage clothing collector : a person who collects clothing items from a particular era or time period, including dresses, suits, hats, shoes, and other related items.

Antiquarian :  A person who collects and studies artefacts for a variety of reasons, i.e., their rarity, aesthetic appeal, or association with a particular culture or historical event.

Bishnu 🙏

No. – 140, Date: 12th Feb. 2023
Theme: ❤️A Symbol of Love 🏨

On February 14, 2023, individuals from all over the world will celebrate Valentine’s Day in their respective, unique ways. St. Valentine, a Catholic priest who lived in the 3rd century, is honoured with this day of love and romance. People display their love 💕for one another on this day by giving and receiving cards, flowers, and presents. 💌🌹🎁 Sir Dorabji Tata and Lady Meherbai were married on February 14, 1898. After Meherbai died of leukaemia in 1931 after being treated for it abroad, Sir Dorabji Tata was determined to set up similar cancer treatment centres in India.

The Tata Memorial Hospital was initially commissioned by the Sir Dorabji Tata Trust on 28 February 1941.

Let’s pay tribute to Sir Dorabji and Lady Meherbai, for their love and contribution to the society in helping thousands of people.

Bishnu 🙏

No. – 139, Date: 5th Feb. 2023
Theme: Behind One’s Success

Most of us know the main story of the great epic Mahabharata. But there are many episodes and incidents unknown to us.

The burning of Arjun’s chariot at the end of the Mahabharata’s battle field in Kurukhetra, as well as the insights shared by Lord Srikrishna, are unique.

“Ego is the biggest enemy of humans” – Rig Veda

The ego is like a tragic hero. It is delusional. A leader caught in the whirlpool of ego fails to see the world beyond power, privilege and pretty perquisites that come from occupying a position.

“He whose mind is not shaken by adversity; who does not hanker after happiness, who has become free from affection, fear and wrath, is indeed the Muni of steady wisdom.”

“He who is everywhere unattached, not pleased at receiving good, nor vexed at evil, his wisdom is fixed.”
– Bhagavad Gita,

Bishnu 🙏

P.S. : Rishad Tobaccowala has mentioned in his Blog
Your success has to with many factors and most of them are not you.

First, it is the talent (family, friends and team members) around you. Second, it is the organization you are working for, Third it is the prestige of the Clients you get work with and finally a lot of it is chance, luck and timing.

No. – 138 Date: 29th Jan. 2023
Theme: John Wooden – The Great Coach and Teacher

John Robert Wooden (October 14, 1910 – June 4, 2010) was an American basketball coach and player. Nicknamed the Wizard of Westwood, he won ten National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) national championships in a 12-year period as head coach for the UCLA Bruins, including a record seven in a row.

Wooden won the prestigious Henry Iba Award as national coach of the year a record seven times and won the AP award five times.

In 2009, Wooden was named The Sporting News “Greatest Coach of All Time”

Wooden along with others, published several books. Some of these are 1. Practical Modern Basketball, 2. Be Quick – But Don’t Hurry: Finding Success in the Teachings of a Lifetime 3. They Call Me Coach 4. Coach Wooden’s Pyramid of Success Playbook 5. Wooden on Leadership: How to Create a Winning Organization 6. A Game Plan for Life: The Power of Mentoring,

According to Wooden “Success is peace of mind which is direct result of self-satisfaction in knowing you made the effort to become the best of which you are capable.”

Wooden’s 12 lessons in Leadership

  1. Good Values Attract Good People
  2. Love Is The Most Powerful Four-Letter Word
  3. Call Yourself A Teacher
  4. Emotion Is Your Enemy
  5. It Takes 10 Hands To Make A Basket
  6. Little Things Make Big Things Happen
  7. Make Each Day Your Masterpiece
  8. The Carrot Is Mightier Than A Stick
  9. Make Greatness Attainable By All
  10. Seek Significant Change
  11. Don’t Look At The Scoreboard
  12. Adversity Is Your Asset

Wooden’s Success Pyramid (15 Building – Blocks) “Industriousness, Friendship, Loyalty, Cooperation, Enthusiasm, Self-control, Alertness, Initiative, Intentness, Condition, Skill, Team Spirit, Poise, Confidence, Competitive Greatness”

Some of inspiring quotes of Wooden
– Failing to prepare is preparing to fail.
– Flexibility is the key to stability
– Be quick, but don’t hurry.
– Seek opportunities to show you care. The smallest gestures often make the biggest difference

Bishnu 🙏
Full 17 minutes video with subtitles

No. – 137 Date: 22nd Jan. 2023
Theme: India’s Desert School

Rajkumari Ratnavati Girls’ School, Jaisalmer, Rajasthan

The Rajkumari Ratnavati Girls’ School in Rajasthan was conceptualised by CITTA founder Michael Daube, and designed by US-based architect Diana Kellogg

The school is providing quality education, transportation, and nutrition to girls from poor families at no cost.

An architectural marvel, located just a six-minute drive away from Jaisalmer’s famous Sam Dunes, has taken shape in Kanoi village, with an aim to educate girls and empower them. The Rajkumari Ratnavati Girls’ School is made of yellow sandstone, and surprisingly, has no air conditioners. Here, students can study and even play in the protected courtyard without worrying about the extreme weather.

This is a Ripple in the Desert.

Bishnu 🙏

No. – 136 Date: 15th Jan. 2023
Theme: Ganga Vilas – River Cruise

On 13th Jan. 2023, Hon’ble Prime Minister of India flagged off the world’s longest river cruise from Varanasi to Dibrugarh via Dhaka. The Ganga Vilas is a luxurious river cruise that started in Ganga River. Tourists will enjoy the natural beauty of the river and its surroundings, in addition to the rich cultural and spiritual aspects of the region. It will stop at heritage sites.
There will be cultural programs, yoga and meditation throughout this journey. It will travel 3,200 Kms in 51 days crossing 27 rivers covering 5 states ((UP, Bihar, Jharkhand, WB & Assam) two countries (India & Bangladesh) 50 tourist sites. 32 Swiss tourists are on their first trip.
Amazing cost of approx. Rs.50 Lakh per tourist (to be verified)

Bishnu 🙏

No. – 135 Date: 08th Jan. 2023
Theme: Happiness Many people talked about happiness.

Many people talked about happiness. I like Naval Ravikant’s view on Happiness
# The three big ones in life are Wealth, Health and Happiness. We pursue them in that order, but their important is reverse.
# Happiness is a highly personal skill and a choice that can be learned like fitness or nutrition.
# Happiness is what’s there when you remove the sense that something is missing in your life.
# Peace and happiness are related to each other.
# Envy is the enemy of happiness.
# When working, surround yourself with people more successful than you. When playing, surround yourself with people happier than you.
# A happy person is not someone who is happy all the time.
# Happiness is being satisfied with what you have. Success comes from dissatisfaction. Choose

Bishnu 🙏

No. – 134 Date: 1st Jan. 2023
Theme: Happy New Year – 2023

Wishing Happy New Year – 2023 to you and your family members. I hope that 2023 brings you all the best in terms of health, happiness, harmony, and success. 💐👍🤝🙏

“Life is an Adventure… Dare it. Life is a Beauty … Praise it. Life is Challenge … Meet it. Life is a Duty … Perform it. Life is a Love … Enjoy it.” – Bhagavad Gita “Love yourself first and everything else falls into line. You really have to love yourself to get anything done in this world.” – Lucille Ball

In this year “Be helpful. When you see a person without a smile, give them yours.” – Zig Ziglar

Bishnu 🙏

No. – 133 Date: 25th Dec. 2022
Theme: Merry Christmas – 2022

Wishing Merry Christmas to one and all 🎄🎅🏻💒🎂🎁

Please accept my warmest holiday greetings. Thanks to God, we have family and friends like you, and Christmas is the best time to express our gratitude. At this time of year when we remember the birth of Christ, may his light shine brightly in your mind and heart. We wish you joy, hope, and love as we commemorate the birth of Jesus Christ, our Savior and Messiah.

Bishnu 🙏

No. – 132 Date: 18th Dec. 2022
Theme: Mr. Bean

The majority of us know (from seeing him on TV and in movies) the humorous character Mr. Bean, who has gained international fame. Few people recognize the actor by his real name (Rowan Atkinson, England). My daughter Shubhra and I have enjoyed watching numerous Mr. Bean episodes together. The film Mr. Bean’s Holiday recently featured on Sony TV, and I found it to be entertaining and interesting Rowan Atkinson, M.Sc. & PhD in Electrical Engineering from Oxford University, had a tough time. His passion for acting, helped him become a successful actor and screenwriter.

“You don’t need a model’s face and a superhuman physique to be successful.” To succeed, “a skilled mind and the ability to perform are essential.”-Mr. Bean.

Bishnu 🙏

No. – 131 Date: 11th Dec. 2022
Theme: Kolkata : The City of Joy

On December 4th, 2022, we lost the renowned French author and Padma Bhushan awardee Dominique Lapierre, who wrote the novel The City of Joy about Kolkata. His greatest work in India, City of Joy, followed the life of a poor rickshaw puller named Hasari Pal in the slums of Howrah, West Bengal.

Lapierre set up the City of Joy Foundation and donated a significant portion of his royalties to it so that it could help with humanitarian projects in West Bengal. These projects included schools, clinics and care centres for poor people, Lapierre spoke Bengali fluently

True to its reputation, Kolkata is a city unlike any other. Whether you adore it or despise it, you simply cannot ignore it.

Bishnu 🙏

Date: 27th Nov. 2022
Theme: Kashi – Tamil Sangamam – 2022

The Kashi – Tamil Sangamam is an ideal platform to understand the unity in India’s civilizational assets through two historic centers of knowledge and culture.

Tamil Nadu and Kashi are the oldest and most popular cultural and religious destinations. Both centers have fostered intellectual, cultural, spiritual, and artisanal knowledge. Varanasi, known as Kashi in Tamil Nadu.

The ancient connection between the two centers of knowledge is evident in many walks of life like similar themes in literature. Bharatiya way of life is a continuous exploration and understanding of the unique manifestation of common civilizational treasure among the citizens in the country.

It is the pathway to experiencing the rich and proud heritage of India that no other country in the world can showcase.

Bishnu 🙏

128 Date: 20th Nov. 2022
Theme: You can still start something.

Human life is a journey from birth to death, with some relative material or spiritual achievements along the way, like a few good relationships, a discovery, an innovation, or a contribution to the country, society, or all of humanity.

Few people are successful early in life, and some are successful later in life. But the journey never ends for any individual who wants to learn or try something new, no matter how old they are.

There are thousands of examples of people who started their second innings late but still got what they wanted.

The key is to stay healthy and curious enough to keep learning and trying new things, even if one has suffered setbacks or failed earlier.

Bishnu 🙏

127 Date: 13th Nov. 2022
Theme: Tips and Tricks

A few years ago, this video was shared in a group. I’ve been considering sharing this with people for the past few months. However, I felt uncertain or apprehensive. In the name of health advice, beauty tips, and skin care, there are many crafted fake messages, videos, and posts now available on the internet, on WhatsApp, Social media, and even in magazines and newspapers.

There are many tempting suggestions to increase skin beauty, healing, etc. by using readily accessible materials like petroleum jelly, glue, tooth paste, deodorant, etc. These may cause more harm. Before applying any health or beauty advice or tips, please verify twice and seek the opinion of qualified medical professionals.

Bishnu 🙏

126 Date: 6th Nov. 2022

Theme: Tribute to Ela Bhatt – Messiah of Self-Employed Women

India grieved the death of Elaben, the Gandhian social crusader and founder of SEWA (Self-employed Women’s Association), on November 2, 2022. She fought tirelessly throughout her life to ensure women’s rights and increase their social and economic power. She established SEWA in 1972, long before the current era of so-called development interventions, and paved the road for women’s empowerment through mutual cooperation, and self-reliance. She was honoured with many distinctions and prizes, such as the Padma Shri, Padma Bhushan, Raman Magsaysay, Right Livelihood,The Niwano Peace Prize, The Radcliffe Medal, etc.

More information

Our deepest condolences and a tribute to Ela Bhatt, from whom the current generation can draw inspiration and important lessons.

Bishnu 🙏

Invitation for contribution to a new book, The Sunday Sharing

Dear Colleagues, Friends, and Well-wishers,

Greetings 🙏

Thank you so much for your love and appreciation for The Sunday Sharing Videos and write-ups.
The Sunday Sharing has now completed 123 episodes (weeks).

I and my daughter Shubhra started it in March 2020, during the 1st phase of the COVID–19 pandemic.

In the initial phase, most of the videos were about the Corona Virus and the COVID-19 pandemic.
At that time, we had no good videos. We used to do screen recordings of videos from the internet.

Over the period, we received many inspiring videos from different WhatsApp groups and individuals and continued sharing every Sunday.
Our heartfelt thanks to all those people who are sharing videos.

A few videos are available on my personal website

My heartfelt thanks to Rajendra Mahto, the IT professional who created my website and putting videos of The Sunday Sharing regularly and taking care it.

Over time, we may lose these videos and write-ups due to change of mobile phones, website issues, etc. It has already occurred. We do not have a few videos shared in 2020.
To take one step forward, we are planning to bring out a book on it in the month of Dec. 2022.
The book will be available on the Amazon website with the publisher and me.

The name of the book is The Sunday Sharing – 52 episodes of information and inspiration.

There will be five (5) sections in the book.
I. Covid – 19 pandemic
II. Environment
III. Festivals
IV. Great and Unique Personalities
V. Miscellaneous

This book will be based on 52 videos already shared as The Sunday Sharing Links will be provided in the book for the respective videos on my website to watch these 52 videos.

Amarjeet Raushan, alumnus of IIFM, Bhopal has designed the cover page My JSLPS colleague, Partha Guha has agreed to edit the book. An eminent person will write the foreword for the book.

We are cordially inviting you to contribute to the book in the following ways

I. Write an article (chapter) on any of the shared videos in approximately 300 to 500 words. Give proper reference if you are taking information from the internet, books, magazines, etc.

Incentive: Your name will be published in the book along with your article. You will get Two (2) free paperback books of The Sunday Sharing and two (2) E- Books (Pdf version) The Buddha for All and The Sunday Sharing.
25 best articles will be selected by the authors and editor.
Copy rights will be with the authors.

II. Appreciation/praise for the book/The Sunday Sharing in approximately 30 to 40 words.
Incentive: Your name will be published in the book.
You will get one (1) free paperback book of The Sunday Sharing, Two (2) E- Books (Pdf version) The Buddha for All and The Sunday Sharing.
10 appreciations will be published in the book.

Please mention your full name, designation (present/past) / occupation to be published in the book 📕

III. Pre-order a minimum of 5 paperback books (gift the book to your family members and friends over the period on different occasions, i.e. birthdays, marriage anniversaries etc.).
There is no need to send any money now.

Incentives 25% discount on MPR of the book -free courier/speed post to your home.
Free Two (2) E- Books (Pdf version) The Buddha for All and The Sunday Sharing.

Articles and Appreciation can be mailed to E-mail:
or WhatsApp on 9939221549 latest by 30th Sept. 2022 (Friday)

For any clarification, please call or message me.
Bishnu: M / W – 9939221549

Thanking you for partnering with us on the upcoming book: The Sunday Sharing👍🙏

The Sunday Sharing (TSS) No. – 124

Theme: Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II

On Sept. 8, 2022, Queen Elizabeth II passed away at the age of 96, ending her 70-year reign as the United Kingdom’s ruler. Queen Elizabeth II was born as Elizabeth Alexandra Mary on April 21, 1926 in London. She had the title of UK’s longest-serving female monarch. Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II presided over the 56 Commonwealth countries that are members of the international community.

Few important global events that have occurred during Queen Elizabeth II’s 70-year reign

She worked with 15 nos. of Prime ministers of the UK, from Winston Churchill to Liz Truss, and observed a variety of events, including World War II and the COVID-19 epidemic. Her oversized persona in public life will live on as a long-lasting historical phenomenon.

No. – 122, Date: 11th Sept. 2022

Theme: Contribution of Teachers to Society

On September 5th, Teacher’s Day is celebrated in India. It is the birthday of the great teacher and the second president of India, Dr Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan. Teaching is a noble profession. Teachers have contributed immensely to the growth of the society. Teachers develop ordinary students into doctors, engineers, scientists, managers, administrators, etc. In my view, teachers do the following things for students and learners not only for their theoretical studies but also to enhance life skills.

TEACHER: T – Training (Skilling) | E – Enabling |
A – Activating | C – Creating interest

H – Helping | E – Energizing | R – Rightly aligning

Students and people respect teachers, but many things still need to be done for teachers and the teaching profession. Teachers can prefix their names with Tr, just like doctors and engineers use Dr and Er.


No. – 122, Date: 4th Sept. 2022

Theme: Lessons from Ants 🐜🐜🐜

Ant is a tiny creature of our earth but has many unique abilities and qualities. In our childhood, most of us must read the story of Ant 🐜 and the Grasshopper 🦗 Ants work hard in the summer season and store food for the painful winter days.

Another story is about how a small ant 🐜defeats a mighty elephant 🦣 and taught a lesson.

I like their self-organized and disciplined nature. They follow the command and work in Team.

They carry food grains, insects or objects much bigger than them. They seldom remain idle… always doing something. Human beings can learn many things from the behaviour and work of ants.

Keep Trying and Keep Working like Ants 🐜 Bishnu🙏

No. – 121, Date: 28th Aug. 2022

Theme: Col. Harland Sanders – The Celebrity Chef and promoter of KFC

Colonel Harland Sanders of America made Kentucky Fried Chicken (KFC) worldwide famous: It is a story of From Humble Beginnings to a Legacy In 1950s’

At age 65, Colonel Harland Sanders began franchising his chicken business using his $105 monthly Social Security check. Today, KFC operates more than 15,000 units worldwide.

From the Book: The Autobiography of the Original Celebrity Chef “The Colonel is not ‘ordinary people.’ A man has to have drive and ambition and initiative to do what he did. Anybody who gets up at 5 a.m. every morning and drives himself until 9 p.m., any man who feels that no task is too big or too small – that is no ordinary person. ” – Brown Never Give up


Special Sharing on Azadi Ka Amrit Mahostav

Happy Independence Day of India

Jai Hind 🙏

No. – 119, Date: 14th Aug. 2022

Theme: Har Ghar Tiranga (The Tricolour)

Celebrating the Independent Day of our mother India is always a proud moment for us. When it is our 75th Independence Day (Azadi Ka Amrit Mahotsav) then, the joy and ecstasy multiplies.

India @75 # In Triranga top band is Saffron, the Middle is White and the last is Green with a Chakra in Blue colour in the middle white band.

Saffron signifies strength and courage; White is for peace and truth, Green – fertility and Prosperous. Chakra depicted the “wheel of the law” – life in movement – Growth.

Let’s fly/show our national flag in our homes from 13 – 15th Aug. 2022 as pride, dignity and respect to our motherland India.

Proud to be an Indian !

Jai Hind


No. – 118, Date: 7th Aug. 2022

Theme: Srikanth Bolla

The blind CEO par excellence “World looks at me and says, Srikanth, you can do nothing, I look back at the world and say I can do anything. Denied to take science as a subject in school and admission to IIT, the determined Srikanth studied engineering at MIT, USA as the first international blind student.

After returning to India he becomes an entrepreneur and young CEO of a company of Rs.50 crores employing 450 people mostly physically challenged persons.

In the year 2017, he was on 30 under 30 Forbes list. I was made blind by the perception of people Success does not need eyes… it needs Vision – Srikanth

We the normal people can learn, lots of things from the indomitable and visionary Srikanth.

Bishnu 🙏

115, Date: 17th July 2022

Theme: Mentality of Honey Bee and Fly

One learns through different ways Action > Reflection > Action Reading – Writing, Listening – Watching, from own and others’ success and failures.

Observing the events of nature and the activities of various creatures can inspire some valuable learnings. Banyan Tree, Ant and Eagle teach us many things.

In this video, Radhanath Swami has explained the leanings from Honey Bee and Fly.

One can acquire positive aspects by ignoring negative things from others and circumstances.

No effort is required to find fault and blame others. Anyone can do it quickly. However, keen observation, patient listening and mindfulness are needed to assimilate positive things from others.

It is up to us – what we pick … Positivity or Negativity.

Bishnu 🙏

No. 114, Date: 10th July 2022

Theme: An Innovative way to reduce the use of Plastic Bags

After the ban on Single-Use-Plastic (SUP), it has become challenging to manage shopping, eating outside, packing and related things for the common people.

Small shopkeepers, vegetable vendors and food sellers on the street are going to be hit due to the ban. There should be alternatives to SUP.

Those materials should be cheap and readily available everywhere. Dr Rubi Makhija, has initiated the circulation of cloth bags with IT application and collaborated with stakeholders of Delhi.

Her work on Borrow a Bag instead of Buying a Bag through the VIKALP store is praiseworthy. Let’s follow Dr Rubi’s message Reuse -Recycle- Repair Many such innovations and initiatives are required to reduce SUP.


No. 113, Date: 3rd July 2022

Theme: Theme: Alternatives to Single-Use Plastic (SUP)

Starting from 1st July 2022, ban on SUP items has been declared by the MoEFCC, GoI.

A few examples of SUP are earbuds, plastic sticks, candy sticks, plastic flags, plates, cups, glasses, trays and plastic cutleries like forks, spoons, Certain Plastics are hazardous to the environment and our health. But it is difficult to avoid the use of plastic due to its cheap and easy availability.

Salute to Mr. Narayana Peesapathy, pioneer of making edible cutlery. Similar innovations are required now. We should use biodegradable materials like jute, paper, cloth, leaf, bamboo, wood, etc. as alternatives to SUP.

It will promote thousands of micro-enterprises and livelihoods. Behavioural change, public participation and Law enforcement are essential for the campaign against SUP

Bishnu 🙏

No. 112, Date: 26th June 2022

Theme: Needs, Possessions and Choices in Life

A human being has certain needs. According to Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs which is classified as I. Physiological Needs (Food, Water, Clothing, Shelter)

II. Safety Needs (security aspects)

III. Love Needs (relate to others – Family and Friends)

IV. Esteem Needs (Status, recognition) and

V. Self-actualization (achieving one’s potential, creativity)

There are various things one wants to possess and achieve in life. Higher Education, Job, Wealth, Assets, Vehicles, Health, Family, Friends, positions in organizations, social and political circles etc. Some of these can be co-possessed, but few are non-inclusive and contradictory. Conflicting interests make one’s life complex and painful.

One needs to be selective, make a choice and give priority to some over others. Values play an important role here in making life happy.


No. – 111, Date: 19th June 2022

Theme: Grit and Glory of Maj.

Gen. (Retd.) IAN CARDOZO, AVSM SM, who had chopped his own leg on the battlefield In the backdrop of the controversy of AGNIPATH, a scheme for the recruitment of youth for the Indian Armed Forces, let’s know our War Hero & an Agniveer with a Kukri (Gorkha Battalion) IAN CARDOZO.

Even after his amputation, he maintained his physical fitness levels, beat many non-disabled officers in battle physical fitness tests, and commanded a battalion again.

He authored several books on the military history of India. His message to all ”To do what you love, love what you do” and ”To never be afraid and to never give up”


No. – 110, Date: 12th June 2022

Theme: Co-existence of all Human beings in the Societies

Vasudhaiva Kutumbakam (Sanskrit: वसुधैव कुटुम्बकम. From “vasudha” the earth; “iva” is ; and “kutumbakam” family) is a Sanskrit phrase that means that the whole world is one single family. Vedic sages of India say that the entire world is just one family.

“This is mine, that is his say the small-minded, the wise believe that the entire world is a family” – Maha Upanishad The peaceful co-existence of all human beings in society is as important as biological diversity in nature.

A symbiotic relationship, trust, mutual support, acceptance of different views/opinions, tolerance, compassion, cooperation and forgiving etc. are required in all societies. Unity in Diversity
Bishnu 🙏

Spirituality – connecting with Universe and all humans beings may bring peace to the earth

No. – 109, Date : 5th June 2022

Theme: Happy World Environment Day – 2022

Happy World Environment Day – 2022

Wishes to all 🙏

No. – 108, Date: 29th May 2022

Theme: Loving couple…unconditional Love

Wishes for Savitri Brata tomorrow (Savitri – Satyavan epic story of Mahabharat)

Marriages are made in Heaven – means very good and successful marriages. Many couples make marriage joyful on earth through mutual understanding, caring and living together.

Each person has both strengths and weaknesses. A couple is there to complement each other’s skills and works. They operate on the MINIMAX principle, i.e. minimizing weaknesses and maximizing strengths for a common goal and sharing responsibilities.

Loving, Caring, Sharing, Engaging, Listening, Ignoring the small stuff, and Forgiving may bring joy, peace and productivity in married life.

Bishnu 🙏
Life Lesson: One should be a good spouse before expecting their spouse a good

No. – 107, Date: 22nd May 2022

Theme: International Biodiversity Day 🌎 (22nd May)

Biodiversity or Biological diversity is the combination of all forms of life (flora, fauna including micro-organisms) on the earth, their varieties, habitats and interactions.

Anyone, irrespective of race, faith or religious orientation, can benefit from the life and teaching of Buddha.

Anyone, irrespective of race, faith or religious orientation, can benefit from the life and teaching of Buddha.

Biodiversity and Ecosystem services provide us food, fodder, fuel, water, medicine, timber and also help in Soil fertility, climate regulation and carbon storage which are essential for Human well-being.

Unfortunately Biodiversity is being eroded and ecosystem services degraded
due to overexploitation by humans, deforestation, agriculture, land use for urban settlement, pollution, alien species, climate change etc.

Biodiversity can be conserved by People -Govt- Pvt. effort, local communities with indigenous knowledge, application of technology and data-driven action, global partnership etc.

Bishnu 🙏

No. – 106 Date: 15th May 2022

Theme: The Buddha for All

Happy Buddha Purnima wishes to all in advance.

Shakyamuni Gautam Buddha has been a beacon of enlightenment to the entire world. His teachings are universal and practical

Anyone, irrespective of race, faith or religious orientation, can benefit from the life and teaching of Buddha.

Anyone, irrespective of race, faith or religious orientation, can benefit from the life and teaching of Buddha.

Please read my first book The Buddha for All

Paperback of the book in just Rs.200/– (available in my home and JSLPS office).
E-Book (Pdf version) is just Rs.100/– (by WhatsApp / E-mail after Google pay @ 9939221549)

Sales proceeds of the book will be donated to NGOs


No. – 105, Date: 8th May 2022

Theme: The Mother of orphans – Padmashree Sindhutai Sapkal

Happy Mother’s Day wishes to all.

On this occasion, a tribute to Padmashree Sindhutai, The Mother of Orphan. Her struggle to survive under challenging conditions like a beggar and then become the mother of 1,500 orphans is a real heart-touching inspiring story for all of us.

God has created mothers because he may not be everywhere to take care of all children.

A mother loves her child unconditionally, and sacrifices her time, comport, job and wealth for her child.

Mothers are the most creative beings on the earth.

We call mother – MAA The word MAA is one of the sweetest words. A child or even a grown-up spontaneously utters the word MAA.

Family, Organizations and society should recognise the contributions of Mothers and make them proud


No. – 104 Date: 1st May 2022

Theme: Message of Ramzan

Ramzan is a month-long festival of love, kindness and spirituality for Muslims all over the world. This is a holy month of connecting with Allah, fasting, purification, mercy and forgiveness.

Fasting is one of the pillars of Islam along with Salah, prayer, Haj, visitation to Mecca; and Zakat, charity. Perhaps, the most visible manifestation of the month of Ramazan is abstinence from food, water etc. for the period of fast, which extends from dawn to sunset.

The Quran says, “O Believers! Fasting is prescribed for you, as it was for those before you, so perhaps you will become mindful of Allah. ” 2:183

Happy Eid – Ul- Fitr wishes to all in advance


Reference: Ramzan, The Month of Fasting and Forgiveness by Zeeshan Ahmed, The Speaking Tree, ToI, April 20, 2022

No. – 103 Date: 24th April 2022

Theme: Happy for Money

There is no doubt that the modern man/woman needs money for many things – basic needs (Food, clothes, House), education, entertainment, travel, good health, relationship etc.

But seeking happiness from money has its consequences. A certain amount of money is required for threshold level happiness. Beyond that, more money may/mayn’t bring different and continuous happiness (varies from person to person).

Happiness is an emotion. Its sub-categories are Thankful, Trusting, Comfortable, Content, Excited, Relaxed, Relieved, Overjoyed, Confident etc.

Like other emotions, Happiness comes and goes (means we experience it for specific periods) daily. Unhappiness is not a bad thing. It is necessary for innovation.

By practising Mindfulness and making others Happy we may be Happy.

Bishnu 🙏

PS: Life Lesson – “To be happy, one should make his / her spouse happy.”

No. – 102 Date: 17th April 2022.

Theme: Bharat Ratna Dr B R Ambedkar – The Champion of Justice and Dalit Rights

We celebrate Ambedkar Jayanti on the 14th of April every year. Most of us know him as the Chief Architect of our Indian Constitution

He was the first Indian trained Economist (PhD from Columbia University and DSc from London School of Economics), famous Lawyer, Statesman, Social reformer, Philosopher, prolific writer and defender of the rights of underprivileged and oppressed castes of India.

Once denied access to water in school due to untouchability, he eventually played a crucial role in developing multi-purpose Water resources and policies, including Damodar Valley Corporation (DVC) in Bengal and Bihar. (Ref. – HT Sunday, 17th April 2022).

Let’s follow his struggles for Justice, Liberty, Equality and Fraternity for all in the true spirit.


No. – 101, Date: 10th April 2022.

Theme: Lord Shree Ram – The Transformative Leader

Wishing Happy Shree Ram Navami to All. 🙏

In his incarnation as Shree Ram, Bhagwan Shree Vishnu (God) in Treta Yuga had led a real-human life that was inspiring and an example not only during that time but also for generations beyond.

He was a great charismatic and transformative leader who had shaped many ordinary people into successful leaders and achievers. Moreover, he had many leadership qualities which present-day leaders should emulate.

Some of his leadership qualities are Character (integrity), Courage, Commitment, Dedication, Empathy, Empowering, Equanimity (Emotional stability), Loving, Patience, Sacrifice and Teamwork.
Jai Shree Ram🙏

PS: This is the repetition of TSS No. – 71, dated: 12th Sept. 2021 on today’s occasion of Shree Ram Navami

No. – 100, Date: 3rd April 2022.

Theme: 100th Episode of The Sunday Sharing

It is a glimpse of 14 nos. of videos shared earlier.

Thanks to Amarjeet, IIFM, Bhopal for compiling it randomly.

Shubhra and I had started it in Feb./March 2020 (2 years back) during the 1st wave of Covid – 19 pandemic. We used to screen record, trim (to make < 17 MB) and send to few friends.

Now we are sharing a video in 30 WhatsApp groups and two broadcast lists on every Sunday, reaching more than 4,000 viewers, on my website & Facebook.

Sunday Sharing

Heartfelt thanks to Well-wishers who are sharing videos with us.

Please support us to continue.


PS : My 2nd Book The Sunday Sharing 52 episodes of Information and Inspiration will be published by Oct. 2022.

No. – 99, Date: 27th March 2022.

Theme: Sam – The young Billionaire and Philanthropist

Sam, i.e. Samuel Bankman – Fried is an American entrepreneur and CEO of FTX (crypto Currency Exchange).

He is also a philanthropist and donates his earnings for various global causes.


PS : This video is from NAS Daily

No. – 98, Date: 20th March 2022.

Theme: Significance of Colours

Colours are everywhere. Colourful flora and fauna of nature, Dazzling shades of Sky, Galaxies, Twilights of stars and Planetary objects in the universe, Creatures and Corals in the sea are fascinating.

We all enjoy colourful foods and clothes.

But colours have cultural connotations. Its significance varies from country to country and people to people.

Black colour is mourning in the west where white is in the east. Red represents good luck in China but love in India.

Psychological and Biological conditioning determine our choice of colours.

In India, we associate Green to Prosperity, Orange to Courage, Pink to Happiness and White to Peace.

May God fill colours in everyone’s lives


PS: The above dance performance has Choreographed by renewed Italian composer “Giovani Marradi”

No. – 97 , Date: 13th March 2022.

Theme: Remembering 8th March, Women’s Day promises

International Women’s Day card with Five strong girls of different cultures and ethnicities stand together. Vector concept of gender equality and of the female empowerment movement.

We all celebrated International Women’s Day on 8th March 2022 and deliberated on the contribution of women to society.

It is the time to keep the promises and act on. provided with choice and opportunities, women can do anything like men.

Women are now running shops to Spaceships, managing the media to military stations, performing the role of Caregiving to top administrative jobs like the opening of gates of National Defence Academy for female candidates, corporate leadership and political space should be given to women.

Men should accept women as bosses, managers and leaders rather than just showing sympathy and blaming societal norms.

Happy and safe HOLI wishes to All.


No. – 96, Date: 6th March 2022.

Theme: Women’s Contribution to Society

Advance wishes of  Happy International Women’s Day to all women  (8th March 2022)

A girl child is an angel who brings cheers to the family. She does domestic work more in comparison to a male child. She even earns money for the family before her marriage, by doing job and taking care of the family too.

After marriage, she contributes as a wife, daughter-in-law, mother and in many other avtars.

The working woman plays dual role of managing home and work, taking care of family members, and bringing income.

A working woman’s work and  responsibility increase after she becomes a mother.

Just recall the Covid – 19 pandemic situation and women’s contribution in managing the trouble with love and care.

It is the  responsibility of family and society to recognise women’s contributions and give them their due rights and recognition.

Women’s progress will make the nation progressive


No. – 95 Date:  27th Feb.  2022

Theme: HOPE in the VUCA world

The world is becoming VUCA (Volatile, Uncertain, Complex and Ambiguous) Many undesirable things, i.e. war, conflict, crisis, pandemic, calamities, human displacement, corruptions, hyper-competition, the negative impact of globalization etc.

Sometimes bad things happen to good people. For example, a member brings misery to the family under the influence of in-laws/neighbours; employees make financial, market and reputational losses to the company colluding with vendors and competitors. Vested interests spread ill-will in society.

Often, loss of trust, faith, peace, and relationships happens in the family, group, organization, and society. It brings pain and misery to all.

The human spirit moves on HOPE. When other options are not foreknown, HOPE can bring positivity and new energy to address a crisis and bounce back.

Developing resilience, collaboration, learning and application may help


No. – 94 Date: 20th Feb. 2022

Theme: Failure is a stepping stone to Success

Human achievements are often preceded by repeated attempts that fail.

One research finding – people who experience early failures often become more accomplished than counterparts who achieve early successes. Another insight is that the pace of failure is an indicator of the tipping point between stagnation and eventual success (Dashun Wang, 2019)

Failure is not a bad thing. It makes one humble, helps to control arrogance and motivates to move on with rigour

Quotes on failure by Thomas A Edison

I have not failed, I have just found 10,000 ways that won’t work Many of life ‘s failures are people who did not realize how close they were to success when they gave up.

One should overcome the Fear of Failure and accept failures as part of the process of life.


No. – 93 Date: 13th Feb. 2022

Theme: Lata Mangeshkar The Daughter, Nightingale and Bharat Ratna of India

Tribute to late Lata Mangeshkar Ji who passed away on 6th Feb’22.

Great people need no introduction; just a name is enough. So it is appropriate for late Lata Mangeshkar Ji – her voice is her identity So anyone who listens to Bollywood songs must be heard about the great singer Lata Ji.

From the 1950s to 2010s, she was the versatile melody queen of Bollywood – lovely called Lata Didi.

More info on the Life and work of Lata Ji

Lata Ji will always be in our hearts

I will share a short video of Bollywood songs of Lata Ji directly to those who acknowledge the watching of this TSS post also add them to my broadcast list of TSS


My Book

No. – 92 Date: 6th Feb. 2022

Theme: Investing in Girls’ Education

Covid – 19 pandemic has impacted our education system severely for the last two years. Schools were closed. Children and Students are deprived of proper learning.

Online teaching and learning has its limitation in terms of availability, accessibility and affordability particularly to the remote areas and poor section of our society.

It is a good thing that schools are opening up now. Parents, teachers and others should support students to learn and grow.

If you educate a woman, you educate a family; if you educate a girl, you educate the future. – Queen Rania of Jordan

Studies have shown that educated girls who manage things invest around 90% of their income into their families and communities, thus reducing poverty and improving health, safety, and education for everyone.

Let’s join hands and strengthen Girls’ education

Bishnu 🙏

No. – 91 Date: 30th Jan. 2022

Theme: Israel: The country of many advancements and controversies

Israel is a small country in the Middle East but more advanced than many western countries.

It is famous for its Agri-tech, i.e. Drip Irrigation Defense Technologies, i.e. Iron Dome Missile defence system, Digital and Mobile technologies, including controversial Spyware Pegasus of NSO group.

There are controversies with Palestine and neighbouring Arab countries with places associated, i.e. West Bank, Gaza Strip and Jerusalem etc. Its’ spy agency, Mossad is famous for its covert operations.

People of Israel (Jewish) are progressive with scientific knowledge, compulsory military training, and health aspects …. fully Covid – 19 vaccinated.

The Story of Israel: From the Birth of a Nation to the Present Day: by Martin Gilbert

Bishnu 🙏

No. – 88, Date: 9th Jan. 2022

Theme: Omicron – the Virus

According to WHO, Omicron is a new SARS-CoV – 2 variant (B.1.1.529), virus that causes Coronavirus disease (Covid – 19). Omicron is rapidly spreading across the world.

Info on Omicron

Dr Soumya Swaminathan, Chief Scientist, World Health Organization (WHO), mentioned in her tweet on 8th Jan. 2022 …

“The next few weeks will be critical as Omicron surges. Need to manage without panic as the majority of cases likely to be mild. Test, isolate, avoid unnecessary medicine, mask up, work from home if possible, avoid crowds, get vaccinated if not already and follow Govt. advice.”

Let’s be careful and responsible!

Bishnu @ Ranchi 🙏

No. – 87, Date: 2nd Jan. 2022

Theme: IKIGAI – The Japanese Secret to a Long and Happy Life

Wishing Happy New Year – 2022 to all.

IKIGAI is a Japanese concept that means The Happiness of always being busy It is the combination of (Passion + Profession + Vocation + Mission) for the reason being living in the world.

The Book – IKIGAI by Hector Garcia and Francesc Miralles

The Ten Rules of IKIGAI

  1. Stay active; don’t retire
  2. Take it slow
  3. Don’t fill your stomack (eat little less than needed)
  4. Surround yourself with good friends
  5. Get in shape – your body
  6. Smile
  7. Reconnect with nature
  8. Give thanks
  9. Live in the moment
  10. Follow your ikigai

If you don’t know what your ikigai is yet, as Viktor Frankl says, your mission is to discover it

Bishnu @ Ranchi 🙏

No. – 86, Date: 26th Dec. 2021

Theme: Christmas Sprit – Christmas Truce on the war front

I wish Merry Christmas – 2021 and Happy New Year – 2022 to all.

Christmas spirit brought truce between the German army and British allies during World War – I in 1914 for a few days.

The Power of Peace in the time of War.
The Christmas spirit taught us that humanity could be shown in the darkest times.

More information

Let Peace and Humanity prevail in the world 🌎

Bishhnu @ Ranchi 🙏

No. – 85, Date: 19th Dec. 2021

Theme: Courage and Wit during Crisis

A small movie clip shows how a son has saved his father and himself in an extreme crisis (life and death situation) by courage, wit, patience, and quick decision. Many times, we all face similar problems that may be lesser severe. One should display courage, patience, and presence of mind to overcome the crisis.

Thanks a lot to Mr B. Ranki Rao, former DFO of Vishakhapatnam and my MRM (M.Phil) classmate of IIFM, Bhopal, for sharing this video. 👍

Bishhnu 🙏

My Book

No. – 84, Date: 12th Dec. 2021

Theme: Grooming Children as Responsible Citizens in Japan

Japan is known as a country producer of innovative and high-quality technological machines i.e. Computers, TVs, Automobiles, Trains, Robots, Industrial and Medical equipment etc.

Same time the Japanese are known for their good manners, discipline, creativity, teamwork, and dedication to nation-building, sense of quality and service orientations.

Japan grooms its children as responsible citizens in-home, schools and society through group work, cultural values and developing a sense of ownership for their action towards nation, society and environment.

Bishhnu @ Ranchi 🙏

No. – 83, Date: 5th Dec. 2021

Theme: Innovative Tricks of Mr. Vinoy … The Timing Wizard of the Internet

Just watch and enjoy the creative and innovative tricks of Vinoy Alexander

Bishhnu @ Sambalpur 🙏

No. – 82, Date: 28th Nov. 2021

Theme: Climate Champians – Creating Wealth from Waste while reducing Pollution and Protecting Climate

Know Aditya, a student and entrepreuneur from Rajathan. His company Trash to Treasure was launched in January 2021, and every day the company recycles up to 10 tonnes of plastic to make fabric.

As the lifestyle of people has changed, so the generation of plastics in huge quantities. However, we may not stop using plastics but can convert these into valuable things through Innovation and Technology.

Know the Plastic Man of India Padma Sri Dr. Rajagopalan Vasudevan and
Use of Plastic Waste in building Green and Sustainable Roads

Bishhnu @ Ranchi 🙏

No.- 81, Date: 21st Nov. 2021

Theme: Climate Disaster – The case of Aral Sea of Uzbekistan

From 1960 to 1998, the Aral Sea’s surface area shrank by 60%, and its volume by 80%.

In 1960, the Aral Sea had been the world’s fourth-largest lake with an area of 68,000 km2. By 1998, it had dropped to 28,687 km2,.

Fishes vanished, so did the fishing and shipping industries. The livelihoods of thousands of people were affected. Dust and Salt are continuously harming the Health of all.

It happened due to a human intervention …. Diverting rivers (Amu Darya and Syr Darya) for Industrial and agricultural use during Soviet era (USSR) in 1960s.

The North Aral Sea in Kazakhstan is improving

Bishnu @ Ranchi 🙏

No.- 80, Date: 14th Nov. 2021

Theme: SoS call from creatures of Earth to Human beings

We are vulnerable creatures of earth.
Our survival now depend upon Human beings

We hope

It’s not too late
You will protect the coral reefs and all the colourful fishes.
stop poisoning the bees.
defend the forests for the animals and people living there.
Will use the sun and the wind to power everything.
keep the forests and oceans full of animals.
stop polluting the air and damaging our lungs.
make a happier world for animals and people.

Hope comes from action, not from words.
Act now – Stop extinction.

Animals, plants and marine species etc. are as important as human beings on earth. But unfortunately, many creatures (Plants, Animals, Birds, Fishes etc.) extinct & endangered.

Bishnu @ Ranchi 🙏

No.-79, 7th Nov. 2021

Theme – Climate Change & COP26

Human activities, i.e. burning of fossil fuels (coal & oil) for energy and changing land patterns (converting forest into agriculture, industrial use or urban settlement are prime responsible for the increase of Green House Gases (GHG), i.e. Carbon Dioxide CO2, Methane CH4, Nitrous Oxide N2O

GHGs make Green House Effect i.e. warm atmosphere by trapping/blocking heat radiation from Sun to earth to space. It causes Global Warming and brings Climate Change resulting in Heat waves, Drought, melting of Glaciers

More information

UN Climate Change Conference COP26 (Conference of Parties) Glasgow, UK (31st Oct. – 12th Nov. 2021)

Khan Sir (Patna)’s

Ways – Clean Energy (Solar, Wind, Tide, Bio, Geo-Thermal, Nuclear) Afforestation, Adaptation & Innovation

Bishnu @ Ranchi 🙏

No. – 78, Date: 31st Oct. 2021

Theme: Happy Diwali – Let’s Lighten someone’s candle (life) this year

Wishes of Happy Diwali (Shubha Deepawali) – 2021 to all in advance. 👏👍🙏

“Thousands of candles can be lighted from a single candle, and the life of the candle will not be shortened. Happiness never decreases by being shared.” – Buddha

One should be generous and do good work for others. When a group of people (a team) become generous, they do wonders in the society. Generosity and helping each other can create significantly positive changes in the world. Empathy has its reward and in-built benefits to the practitioner.

“The Charitable man is loved by all, his friendship is prized highly” – Buddha

My First Book: The Buddha for All

Bishnu @ Ranchi 🙏

No. – 77, Date: 24th Oct. 2021

Theme: The Buddha for All – Lessons for All

My first book: The Buddha for All – Life Skills and Management Mantras from the Life and Teachings of Gautam Buddha

You can also buy this book from following link:

The Buddha had taught many things to humanity. Anyone irrespective of Gender, Education, faith, or religious orientation can benefit from Buddha’s life and teachings.

All can learn Mindfulness, Compassion, Non-violence, Truthfulness, Self-discipline, Middle path, Patience etc. from the Buddha.

The credit of this video goes to Amarjeet (IIFM), Prof. ORS Rao (IUJ), Hem Raj (JSLPS) and Shubhra

This book is dedicated to Corona warriors of Covid – 19 pandemic. Sale proceeds (up to next one year) of this book will be donated to a few NGOs. Please read it

Paperback of the book will be available next week.

Bishnu @ Ranchi 🙏

No. – 76 Date: 17th Oct. 2021

Theme: Life Lessons from The Buddha

Gautam Buddha lived on the earth 2,600 years ago and founded Buddhism.

Buddha was a spiritual teacher with deep compassion for all. He self-Enlightened by practising Mindfulness meditation.

Never had the Buddha claimed Divine status nor the son or messenger of God. He did not profess to be a personal saviour He called himself as a Guide & Teacher

His famous quotation is The Mind is everything. What we think we become His last words were Strive on with Diligence – No emancipation or purification can be gained without personal striving

Please see next week posting for My first book : The Buddha for All – Life Skills and Management Mantras from the Life and Teachings of Gautam Buddha.

Bishnu @ Ranchi 🙏

No. – 75, Date: 10th Oct. 2021

Theme: 10 Curious Facts about Mahatma Gandhi

Bharat Ratna, 2nd Prime minister of India, shared his Birthday with Mahatma Gandhi on 2nd Oct. He was an unsung hero of India.

Google search shows 4, 65, 00, 000 results for Mahatma Gandhi in 0.80 seconds, but for Lal Bahdhur Shastri it is 1, 25, 00, 000 in 0.72 seconds.

On 2nd Oct. every year shadow of Gandhi Ji covers Shastri Ji. Comparatively, we celebrate less for Shastri ji.

Shastri Ji was the most honest, soft-spoken and principled statesman who contributed immensely for nation-building and inspired millions of Indians with the slogan of Jai JawanJai Kisan

His life was lessons for everyone for simple living, strong will, respect for all and sacrifice for society.

Info on Shastri Ji

Bishnu @ Ranchi 🙏

No. – 74, Date: 3rd Oct. 2021

Theme: 10 Curious Facts about Mahatma Gandhi

Exposure to three continents – Asia (born in India), Europe (studied in England) and Africa (early career as a Lawyer). Presently his statues are in more than 100 countries.

Man of the Year by The Time Magazine in 1930

Nominated five times for Noble Peace Prize

Wrote 1 crore words in 40 years of Freedom struggle (includes 35,000 letters / notes )

Walked 79,000 kms (from 1913 to 1948) for different campaigns

Helped to establish three Football clubs in Durban, Pretoria and Johannesburg

Longest fast 21 days

His funeral procession was 8 kms long



My article on Mahatma Gandhi

You must be the change you wish to see in the world – Mahatma Gandhi 👏

Bishnu 🙏

No. – 73, Date: 26th Sept. 2021

Theme: Kamla Bhasin – The Feminist Activist, Poet & Author

Tribute to Kamla Bhasin, who left the world yesterday (25th Sept. 2021)

Daughters’ Day is being celebrated today.

Kamla Bhasin had contributed a lot to Gender Awareness, Human Rights, Social Justice, etc. She was associated with SANGAT & JAGORI and also the South Asia coordinator of One Billion Rising Her books are being used in awareness building on Gender and Social justice.

Wikipedia link & and videos on life and works of Kamla Bhasin

Miles to go before you sleep >>>

Patriarchy Dehumanises Men

The Transformers (PRADAN series on CSO leaders)

When Masculinity harms men – Power of Love (Satyamev Jayate)

EDUCATION is one of the weapons through which parents should empower their daughters

Bishnu @ Ranchi🙏

No. – 72, Date: 19th Sept. 2021

Theme: Our Life is just like a Train Journey

We start our journey from the home station with our parents, grandparents, siblings, cousins, etc., and new members join us regularly

As we pass through different stations, we meet many Friends, Classmates, Teachers, Guiders and others. Some met their life partners as co-passengers for a lifelong journey.

We expect persons who come into our Life to be with us always in the Journey of Life. But it is not the reality. People get down at different stations and go to their destinations. We remember their behaviour with us during the journey.

People will forget what you said and what you did, but people will never forget how you made them feel. – Maya Angelou

Life goes on >>>

Bishnu @ Ranchi 🙏

No. – 71 Date: 12th Sept. 2021

Theme: Leadership Lessons from Lord Shree Ram

In his incarnation as Shree Ram, Bhagwan Shree Vishnu (God) in Treta Yuga had led a real-human life that was inspiring and an example not only during that time but also for generations beyond.

He was a great charismatic and transformative leader who had moulded many ordinary people into successful leaders and achievers. Moreover, he had many leadership qualities which present-day leaders should emulate.

Some of his leadership qualities are Character (integrity), Courage, Commitment, Dedication, Empathy, Empowering, Equanimity (Emotional stability), Loving, Patience, Sacrifice and Teamwork.

Debashis Chatterjee (Director IIM – Kozhikode) has well mentioned Leaders lead people to themselves, and Leadership is the liberation of the potential within ourselves.

Jai Shree Ram
Bishnu @ Ranchi 🙏

No. – 70, Date: 5th Sept. 2021

Theme: Happy Teachers’ Day – Remembering Inspiring Teacher and Philosopher Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan

Wishing Happy Teachers’ Day – 2021 to all Loving, Caring, Motivating, Inspiring Teachers, Mentors, Coaches and Guides.

We celebrate Teachers’ Day on 5th September every year in India. It is the birthday of our 1st Vice-President (1st Chairperson of Rajya Sabha), 2nd President Bharat Ratna Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan.

He was a great scholar, inspiring teacher, excellent ambassador, noble statesman and extraordinary philosopher of India. He made India proud in the world during both the pre-independence and post-independence eras.

All children, students and even general persons should read books and watch videos of his life and works.

Great Teachers encourage Hearts to Love, Minds to Think and Hands to Create Bishnu @ Ranchi 🙏

No. – 62 Date: 11th July 2021

Theme: Life becoming Complex

Life is easy but we are making it complex. The normal things are becoming difficult. We are disconnecting from ourselves, other human beings, and from nature. The basic needs of humans i.e. Food, House, Clothes and Medicine are becoming costlier and inaccessible for many. Who is responsible for it….. Individuals, society or so-called modern systems.

The Buddha’s teaching of Middle Path of moderation may help to have a better understanding on how to lead a richer life of peace and happiness.

It eliminates extremes like Being and Nonbeing, Birth and Death, coming and Going, same or different, Luxury or ascetic.

Middle way is the sustainable lifestyle that embraces the pleasure of existence …. Neither Luxury nor Poverty… Just Enough.

Bishnu @ Ranchi 😷💉🙏

No. – 61 Date: 4th July 2021:
Theme: Inspiration from Ratan Tata

Ratan Tata

The living Legend of the present era, Visionary, Industrialist, Corporate Leader, Philanthropist, Padma Vibushan awardee, honorary doctorates from several universities and above all a humble and nice human being Ratan Tata is a well-known figure in India and abroad.

He has inspired millions of students, youth and executives to study, work, live and contribute to society.

His presence and words are mesmerizing.

Just listen to his views in this video.
Let’s make innovation, collaboration and positive changes in society.

Many things are possible. Anyone can make a positive difference.

For more information

Bishnu @ Ranchi 😷💉🙏